The Principles of Astrophysics

Part 1

Basic Astrophysics 101

Advanced Astrophysics 102


Written By:

Robert C. Grant 5th




No Affiliations

Independent Research





I want to thank God the Father Almighty for allowing me to gift mankind with His Knowledge of the Universe for all to rise together.




   The universe presents mankind with many questions, in which the current state of Astrophysics tries to answer, but many times contradictions lead to more questions. I will present mankind with basic set of concepts and answers to many topics, which has baffled scientists. As )r models just donít seem to fit all the way, something is off or there is an exception. You will be presented with many new models, where all are interrelated and the same rules apply on the atomic level as those that govern macro level, black holes. You will look at the universe from a different prospective, which will open )r mind. An exciting future for the astrophysicists is about to begin, as I welcome ) to a new realm of Astrophysics.

   I will first address the birth of the universe and the big bang. We will look at the how and why, the universe may or may not be expanding? Is there proof of a Hubble constant and why revisions. What the process behind stars going nova? How does a stellar object control the fusion process within and is there a progression of set events, which occurs in a stellar core as a star ages? A quick intro that addresses dark matter, which will be covered in more detail later. What is a free floater? We will look at stellar nurseries and examine stellar death due to accretion outside of a black hole.

   Can gravity from black holes bend or warp space and time? Does a black hole create a wormhole to a different part of the universe? How does gravitational lensing and the red shift work and why if differs from mankindĎs theories? There will be new ideas, presented to address, how stellar objects becomes a pulsar. How quasars are remnant signatures of past local big bangs. What process occurs within a gaseous condensing hydrogen/helium cloud, which initiates stellar formation. How red giants are stellar objects with a shunted fusion process and a low gravitational containment field, and not the end process of a starís life. We shall look at the primary factors, that governs binary stellar orbits. What is the cause of stellar flares and sunspots on stellar surfaces?

   Lets answer some of the big mysteries behind dark matter and dark energy. We will dig deeper into the processes of the solar system and examine what is behind stellar and planetary rotation. Then we will analyze planetary formation of the rocky inner planets to the outer gas giants and why hydrogen cloud density plays a factor. We will explore at what causes some rocky planets to becomes desert like and others covered by water. What is behind mankindís theories on Hycean worlds? What will the ice caps of Mars reveal or conceal about life on other worlds and we will examine the origin of EarthĎs water?

   Is there a geological process unique to earth behind the creation of mountains, hills, valleys, rivers and lakes? What process creates oceans on other planets and moons? Does our moon rotate, although we always see the same side? What was the cause of the asteroid belt debris field and how does this relate to comets and the Oort cloud? What process is behind the orbital plane and is this same process behind the creation of planetary rings? What forces cause the rings of Saturn, to change the angle of its plane as seen from Earth? Lets look at Pluto and the Kuiper belt and for the clues they may reveal. Then we shall address, what is the process behind planetary orbital distance and velocity. Finally in basic we will examine magnetic fields of solar objects.

   In the second part, we will move to the more advanced portion of astrophysics, which reveals the common bonds on how the universe works. It is here, there is a total rewrite of the field of astrophysics, as if mankindís version never existed. In order to move on to the applications phase of this research, we will have to start from a clean slate for the advancements for mankind to work.

   So we will present a completely different version, of how the atomic structure works. There is a new general process on how subatomic particle movement proceeds within a spatial density. A new comprehensive model on how heat subatomic particles transfer thermal energy between masses? You will gain a new perspective of magnetic subatomic particle flows, their clumping and how field intensity develops. You will realize, there is constant motion in the universe by design. We will provide answers to the uncompleted Unified Field Theory, which Einstein started. There will be an introduction into the vibrational frequency of matter, which supports parallel universes. We explore the use of vibrational frequency to invoke density shifting, as this process, which is behind the events occurring in the Bermuda Triangle. We will look at the concept of energy with a new approach, but the new concept brings question E= MC2. A new examination of gamma ray bursts and the general concept of antimatter. The introduction to the counter force of gravity, the repulsion force, which provides equalization and order to the universe. The laws of gravitation under Newton and Einstein shall change with a new gravitational formula. We will address the elusive concept of time and can we travel to the past? Also we will examine, why the sun has changed color from yellow to white and why this may be contributing to climate change. There is the unified magnetic subatomic particle field, which is now increasingly affecting earth. What is causing this change? Finally we will look at the passage of time from a relative prospective.

   What I have discovered, there is an organization within the universe, where processes are balanced. From the atomic structure, to the solar system, to the galaxy, to the universe. Where matter recycles or moves from a crowded area to a void in the universe. This is the change ) need to embrace.




   Since mankind has first gazed at the stars with wonderment and then expanded into study with the introduction of the telescope many mysteries still abound. The night sky sparkles with opportunity to explore, though for most of us, we are earthbound. The following pages will provide insight and solid direction, which will be opening doors to inspire many ideas and a new approach to analyzing how the universe works. In the basic section we will examine present day theories from an alternate view point. For some it will seem corrective, others will see with clarity and embrace the future. There are challenges, that will test the best in the advanced section, as we examine a new area of research outside of mankindís present knowledge. This will open up many avenues of research not being done today in astrophysics. In order to solve the riddles of the universe, ) must have the correct base. If not, )r quest for energy and gravitational propulsion will continue to elude ) and )r research. Your neighbors have not mastered it even with help and they are a half a million years in front of ).

   What is to be achieved, is a common unified process, which works at all levels of the universe and the rules are the same. Organization is uniform and forces are balanced. This is the goal. Many areas of study will be touched upon with the objective of answering many of )r questions to where even more questions will be asked. Little will remain, which has been written in the present day field. There will be a new beginning with a solid base of knowledge to expand upon. Where the only limitations will be time itself.


Table of Contents Order


Revised Basic Astronomy 101


The Basic Prerequisite for Advanced Gravitational Subatomic Particle Flow

Revised is used because many of the original topics does appear in Grant Chronicles over a decade to 2 decades ago.


Required Subjects:


Transition from a Galactic Black Hole to a Localized Big Bangs, The Concept of an Expanding Universe, Hubble Constant, The Super Nova, The Fusion Process and the Determinates for Star Classification, intro to Dark Matter and Free Floaters, The Process of Star Transmutation through H-R Classifications, Stellar Nurseries, The Accretion of Stellar Mass along the Gravitational Field Edges of Black Holes, The Bending of Space and Time, Black Holes, Wormholes, Gravitational Lensing, The Red Shift in Stellar Light Emissions, Pulsars, Quasars, Stellar Formation, Dark Matter, Dark Energy, Red Giants, Binary Star Systems and Rotation about a Common Gravitational Point, Stellar Flares, Sun Spots, Stellar Core Rotation, Planetary Core Rotation: Basic Planetary Formation, Inner Rocky Planets & Gas Giants and Planetary Surface Banding, Water Planets, Desert Planets, Hycean Worlds: Mankindís Theories as a Comparison, Marís Ice Caps, Origin of present Earthís Water, Origin of Earthís Solar Orbit, The Creation of Mountains, Hills, Valleys, Lakes, and Oceans on Planetary or Moon Objects, The Non Rotation of the Moon, The Asteroid Belt, Origin of the Comets and the Oort Cloud, Rise and Fall of the Dinosaurs, The Gravitational Dance: the Creation of Planetary Orbits and Orbital Plane, Subset: Planetary Rings, The Shifting of Saturnís Ring Plane, Minor Planetary Mass Pluto and the Kuiper Belt, The Repulsion Gravitational Subatomic Particle Streams: Planetary Orbital Distance and Velocity, The Creation of Planetary, Stellar and Black Hole Magnetic Fields


Revised Astronomy 102: Advanced Studies in Astrophysics


Required Subjects:


The Atomic Structure and its Primary Sub Atomic Particles and Streams, General Particle Movement, The Heat Related Subatomic Particle Stream, Magnetic Subatomic Particle Flow and its Related Fields, Constant Motion in the Universe, Unified Field Theory, The Subatomic Particle Stream that Controls the Frequency of the Atom: Atomic Vibrational Frequency & Parallel Universes, Density Shifting, Bermuda Triangle, The Concept of Energy, Gamma Ray Bursts, Antimatter, The Repulsion Force, The Gravitational Subatomic Particles: Incoming Field Creation, The Concept and Passage of Time, The Color of the Sun has Changed from Yellow to White: intro to Unified Magnetic Subatomic Particle Field, Relativity as a Function of Time


Astronomy 103: Advanced Applications in Astrophysics

New Applications:


The Galactic Big Bang


   As we address the present concept of the Big Bang, there are changes to modify the initialization of what mankind perceives as the start of the universe. It starts with the release of a black hole that has cannibalized an entire galaxy instead of a singularity initializing the universe. This reset process on the galactic and is not on a universal level, but happens one black hole at a time contrary to mankindĎs theories. The universe and its many levels of existence are part of a plan, which expands and does leaving a radiation foot print everywhere.

   The problem with the current big bang theories is, that one assumes the Big Bang happen across the universe. But did this event occur in our Milky Way galaxy as a local event? A singularity at rest stays at rest. There are no other forces affecting it, as all mass and energy are contained in an infinitesimally small single point. Theses are the current theories. For a singularity to exist all forces affecting the total mass of the universe is at equilibrium. How was the singularity created into existence? Not one of has an answer. From chaos processes now work together? The universe as one will soon realize, from the dawn of time has always existed and will never end. It is eternal. Your instruments are basically measuring mostly the remnant radiation from our galaxy, not the total universe where very small parts bleed through and it is here, one will start to learn.

   Your government and there black projects are releasing information on alien contact, but at a pace that will not panic mankind. This is the best scenario, as those who fear, can deny it. The key take away is the nose cameras, are high resolution on military aircraft. This is to reveal detail on enemy positions and weapons capability. Yet all films are blurry for a reason. They can deny. This is by design. What the Black Project scientists have been told, is that the most advanced races, have not found a definite edge to the universe. They can not tell anyone, due to signed non disclosure agreements, which are carefully monitored with penalties. This is what needs to be known, as the universe just goes on. So if the universe is truly infinite and beyond the comprehension of mankind, then what encompasses the creation of a galaxy, as a function of a localized big bang?

   If the universe always existed, how does a localized big bang renew (explode) and gravitationally compress a galaxy back into a singularity or what one calls a Central Galactic Black Hole? We will start with what scientists envision as a singularity a Black Hole, as it gathers all mass from what use to be a galaxy.

   You as scientists should envision the singularity morphed by a crushing gravitational field coupled with a collapsing universal density, which surrounds what was a shrinking galaxy. {Explanation: universal density is the medium that envelopes all spatial objects, which one calls a vacuum of space. This low density medium is responsible for creating a pressure barrier that allows outer surface of stellar objects and planetary atmospheres to form an outer containment based on the incoming the relative gravitational fields. The subatomic streams that transverses this medium does invoke a push back and resistance that varies through higher or lower density areas and thus sets a base velocity for all particle movement. For more details read parallel universes in astronomy 102.}

   If one were to visualize the process of a collapsing galaxy within the universal spatial area applying a force due to equalization, is created by the void left by galaxy under compression. How does this start? As a galactic black hole explodes due to an expanding fusion compression process and expands, there is a push back from the universal spatial medium towards the point of origin, what was the black hole singularity. It is the universal density push back or the repulsion force (more details in astronomy 102), which sets the edges of the expanding galactic bubble. The inbound gravitational subatomic particle flow back towards the remnant black hole, now a fragment of its original mass, particle flow which is just initiating, has little containment value against an expanding new galaxy. At the edge of the expansion bubble there is an equalization or what one calls a balance, compression to expansion where the galactic edge stabilization occurs. The galactic shape is dependent upon the remnant black holeĎs mass and state of rotation, coupled with the amount and placement of the repulsion subatomic particle streams exiting the inner core of the central black hole. Galactic shapes will be covered later. So now lets focus on the collapse of a galaxy as it dies and compresses into a Galactic Black Hole.

   There is a reversal after the pause of expansion or galactic equilibrium. Billions and billion years pass in the life cycle of galaxy. As the galactic black hole progresses slowly over time, to gather stray matter within gravitational proximity of its core. With this slow progression, the galactic black hole grows and its gravitational field intensifies due its increase in mass and a decrease in angular rotation about its axis. It is the inner stellar objects that rotate about the galactic black hole, in which their orbital paths destabilize first and are then over time, captured by the galactic black hole. With the increase of the galactic black holeís mass, gravitational field intensity increases and the outflow repulsion subatomic particle steams also increase in intensity. This results in a greater number of stellar arms in a spiral galaxy. It is here, one can gage the age of a spiral galaxy with the mature ones having more arms. Lets address the collapse of a galactic system and its affects on the local universal spatial area.

  There are three main components associated with the collapse of a galactic system, due to the primary black hole. The first the galactic black hole accretes the inner stellar systems, as its mass grows. This has briefly been addressed in the previous paragraph, but we will discuss the present day consensus among astrophysicists on the matter of stellar accretion due a Black Hole. More details will provided later in the accretion of stellar mass along the gravitational field edges of black holes.

   The second component to consider is that, the flow of gravitational subatomic particles increase as a exponential function to the growth of the galactic black hole mass due to accretion of captured stellar mass. This function shifts to a hyperbolic rate, as the black hole near end of life collapses.

   There is an imbalance of spatial density in the general proximity of the gravitational sink, due to the increased mass of the central galactic black hole. Stellar matter moving towards the galactic center is a two fold process. It is here, that not only does the gravitational field of the black hole attracts stellar mass, but there is a natural shift towards the central black hole, due to a low density spatial area at the center where the black hole resides.

   With these events already in place, it is the galactic bubble (the spatial boundary between the universal spatial area and the galactic containment field) now is losing density and collapses in an oscillating progression of compression, then a reactive bounce back of partial expansion, to where the overall compression cycles at an increased exponential rate, which is based on distance from the galactic center and the related function of the increasing mass for the black hole. So for theoretical mathematicians trying to explain the primary accretion cycle of a black hole. It would be an exponential curve downward towards the base, with a with a sine-wave frequency superimpose upon it. This can be used to describe the compression and expansion cycles of the galactic bubble leading to an overall collapse of density and spatial area towards the galactic center over time. The galactic bubble edge would eventually coincide with the surface of the galactic black hole singularity. Thus setting up the basic parameters for a localized big bang to occur. So questions arise about the void, which is a remnant low pressure area in the universal spatial area due to the galactic system collapsing, and totally being accreted into the black hole. Would not adjacent galaxies migrate slowly towards this void assisted by gravitation attraction according to mankindís theories? Or follow the dynamics put in place here and move towards a low density universal spatial area. Letís address the third factor.

   The third and most important point is within the universal spatial area, is galactic equilibrium. This is counter to the current consensus that all galaxies are moving away from a central point, but that point has not been identified. We will cover the Red Shift in a later in astronomy 101. So if the galactic bubble shrinks and the mass of the total galaxy shifts inward until all is focused in the black holes, what stops encroachment of other galaxies? Again this is a good question.

   As one knows, the incoming flow of gravitational subatomic particles creates an intense field that traps light. But, the general consensus of scientific minds on earth, has yet to realize, is what gravitational subatomic particle flow that comes in, is expelled out in the form of repulsion subatomic particle streams. These outbound concentrated repulsion subatomic particles streams cut through the dense incoming float. You may ask, why an outgoing repulsion subatomic particle stream can pierce an intense gravitational field emanating from a black hole.

   Repulsion particle stream is blasted out of the inner core of the black hole. As the incoming gravitational subatomic particles float naturally flows to a pressure void, created by the expulsion of repulsion subatomic particle streams, as a by product of oscillation inner core compression. The outgoing streams are far more focused and dense than the incoming intense gravitational float. Coupled with the stream following each other, the repulsion stream easily pierce the incoming float, but this changes near end of life of the black hole, to where field intensity increases at a hyperbolic rate.

   The scientific community is partially correct on the basic theory of a Big Bang. But, the concept of a singularity is incomplete. A singularity contains the total mass of a potential galaxy, not the universe. Also, does not conform to an infinitely compressed mass existing where space does not exist. Time progresses, which is independent of the singularity and its static state in an universe yet to exist, until it breaches compression and expands to create the big bang. The singularity scientists speak of, exists as the primary massive black hole, which is at the center of all galaxies. It is only when, the internal energy exceeds gravitational compression of the black hole containment, does a local big bang initiate.

   So what are the details behind the process of the big bang? Since one has been introduced to how a galaxy collapses and forms the galactic black hole as a singularity with all of the mass of the original galaxy. It is not about the creation of the universe, as the universe has always existed. This the point that scientists need to consider first, rather than excepting the current views of how the universe started as facts.

   In the universe there is a process of recycling. The death of a galaxy is when the central black hole, that has been controlling rotation about the core, coupled at the center of the galaxy, has accreted all local matter, of what was the whole galaxy into a singularity. Gravity continues to compress what was the total mass of a galaxy until, at first unused pockets of hydrogen and helium expanding to include other lighter elements, are fused creating the more complex heavy elements within the core of the black hole over a vast amount of the passage time. The laws regarding subatomic particle movement, its completion of cycle, and a set interval of the passage of time in the universal spatial area does not change inside of the black hole. More details on the passage of time are in astronomy 102. Gravitational compression only limits expansion, but the subatomic particle behavior remains the same.

   Inside the core of the galactic black hole the internal mass is always in a state of motion, just like in the internal portions of stellar objects only on a greater scale and compression. Random pockets of energy bursting within only create an oscillation of expansion against black hole gravitational shell. This initiates a bounce toward the center of the black hole galactic core and the process repeats. It is only a random event within the galactic black hole core where key points of fusion energy are aligned. With a back wash from clogged excess venting along the rotational axis aligning with core expansion, creates a reinforced phased release of energy into the core with an enhanced in phase fusion reaction that breaches the gravitational containment of the inner core shell of the singularity, which explodes resetting the galactic clock.

   After a localized big bang defined as the central black hole, which is not a hole ( One has to wonder why as to a scientists, concludes it is a hole. A Black Hole is an extreme gravitational subatomic particle flow sink), thus creates a massive incoming gravitational subatomic particle field, which allows almost nothing to escape including light. For theories pertaining to the concept of the singularity, the mass of the former black hole disperses matter back into universal spatial area. What is unique, is the big bang breaks down the atomic structure of some heavy elements and recycles them back into simple hydrogen atoms, as a process of the big bang.

   The shape of the galaxy determined by the rotation of the fractional galactic core or singularity, which is left at the center. So lets address a black hole, which has no to little angular momentum about its axis. With the repulsion subatomic particle streams dispersing some what evenly about the black hole, this gives rise to a globular stellar galactic shape. Add some angular rotation about the axis and the position of some of the repulsion subatomic particle streams, start to migrate towards its equator. This over time stretches the stellar clusters out along the ecliptic plane of the black hole. This is how the elliptical galaxies form. When two or more repulsion subatomic particle streams reside on the equator of a black hole due to an increase of angular velocity about the axis, a bubble of stellar objects remain in form about the black hole. The repulsion streams push out arms of stellar objects with and angular orbital velocity about the black hole. You observe this as spiral galaxies with the amount of stellar arms based on the age of the black hole.

   The universe has infinite regions in the process of expansion and compression, as all galaxies are in various states of existence. What one needs to consider, is that all matter in the universe with its multiple dimensions and properties can not exist as a singularity all based of the weak force of gravity. There are almost an infinite amount of singularities in the universe and when a galaxy is created or a local big bang, one mistakes it for a quasar. More details on quasar later in astronomy 101.

   Exactly how did all this matter within the known and unknown universe come into existence? Your theories state mass can not be created or destroyed. Yet it is here. So the singularity had to always exist. Did anyone consider the time before the Big Bang? This is the disconnect, no matter how one spins it. Not one dares to consider what created the universe.

   The background radiation scientist have recorded, are the remnants of other black holes that have reset. The primary readings are the residual radiation of the reset of this Milky Way Galaxy, which was spread about in this local area of the universe. The current background readings do not present a total picture for the universe, only the local region. The readings would not be same in different parts of the universe, but related to the intensity of the local big bang and the passage of time since initialization of the event. With x-ray technology and other primitive instruments, it does not explain the source of the bursts or pin point the location. It is a general broad location. Your balloons and satellites wobble and the gathered research readings are suspect, and this is the basis of current theories. So lets dig down into the details.

   Consider the current theories on the formation of the universe. Your scientists have assumed at the inception of the universe, a singularity expanded due to a internal big bang in an almost straight line outward motion from the point of origin. Yet a big bang would disperse in a 3600 spherical formation. Rotation of the initial singularity does not come into play, as there are no gravitational differentials and the spatial area of the universe is volume of the singularity. Now lets consider what parameters need to be in place for a singularity responsible for the creation of the universe, must be in place.

   You have stated that mass can not be created or destroyed, yet one can not account for the creation of the singularity, which is a direct contradiction to current theories. For a singularity to exist, it would have to have an overall neutral charge to remain stable in order to form. How would a one mass gravitational formula work? A weak force contained in a singularity mass again how would that work? It wouldnít. So one has the fabric of universal space, which has not expanded yet, sharing its containment perimeter with the outer infinitesimally small surface of the singularity. Now the fabric of space is massless, how is uncontained about the singularity? So again, how does that work?

   Lets address gravity and the singularity, according to current present day theories M1 is multiplied by M2, which is zero at the inception of the universe. This is because M2 does not exist and the equation yields an undefined result. If consider the singularity as a grouping of masses attracting each other, then gravitational force between them would setup a sort of equilibrium, as random directional forces disperse towards each other, instead of a direction force towards the central core. Both scenarios would not support a containment force needed for the current version of a singularity, unless one has another version yet to be published?

   You have yet to expand the concept of time, as it relates to the assumption that the spatial area of the universe is expanding. Where is the correlation? The passage of time, which will be discussed later in this paper in detail, is based the average movement of subatomic particle streams in this universal spatial area. Time existed before the singularity existed as a unit. As there was motion within the inner core. Did the singularity gather mass after a universe collapse? What caused the imbalance within the singularity core to explode? You have no answers to any of these questions, as r theories are guesses.

   Scientists use a measurement of a red shift of a starís light to estimate a date of the Big Bang. Your optics on this world is crude and one can expect only a guesstimate. There is no accurate measurement of distances between stars and worse galaxies, which become wildly inaccurate, as the distance increases. Did one account stellar motion, as their positions are not static to our Sun? Did one account for gravity or its lensing affects on light? If one were to peer into the universe in various 360 degree spherical directions, would one still see the current 13 billion light-year distance with the universe? How is that?

   The key point with the Big Bang confirmed by observations in all directions, as quiet is it is kept. There is no discernable point of origin for the Big Bang. This is the quagmire. So we were to observe two different targets 180 degrees apart in a straight line, that would yield 26 billion light-years. So where is the key point of origin? Now some scientists state, the universe is curved due to gravity, but this can not be. Since gravity is an attraction between 2 masses based on distance and a constant.

The force of gravity would be weak along the expansion edges of the dawn of time, unable to distort or bend space, time or the light of a star. This why scientists invented dark matter. Dark matter does exist, but not for the reason scientists propose. More details are in astronomy 101. At the edge of the visible expansion the star and galactic field should end, but they donít. As optics improve, the universe will go on without explanation of how. You can not set a definitive point for creation of the universe. There is an alternative explanation to consider.

You have many examples of high energy bursts detectable within our universe. The concept of a Big Bang does not make sense as one singularity, but it does, if our universe has areas under compression and expansion, thus renewing itself. A localized big bang on the edge of the known universe, would mimic what one sees. You will eventually consider there was no beginning or will there be an end for that the universe has always existed, which is beyond the comprehension of mankind. Lets dig deeper into the Big Bang theory.

Your singularity theory runs into many issues. First what is at rest stays at rest, what change triggers the Big bang? Then the Big Bang expands the spatial framework of the universe. This expansion happens to where nothing existed? The universe does have a spatial low density atmospheric field, which is not a total vacuum. If it was, the weak force of gravity would not allow earth to have an atmosphere, as it would equalize with outer space. This is common sense. Again these are the current theories.


The Concept of an Expanding Universe


   The established theories states, the universe is expanding. Yet, what one observes is a static formation of all local galaxies in all directions. Currently, their are published diagrams showing the point of origin for a big bang. The concept is incomplete, as it forms a picture to where expansion from that point of inception is formulated, to proceed in one direction. How can that be? What about the Red Shift, that will be covered in detail later in this paper? Gravity affects the perception of the red shift, just as it does with gravitational lensing, which will also be covered later in detail.

   The concept of an universal big bang expanding from a unknown designated point of origin defies general logic. A singularity that morphs into a spherical shape, due to gravity pulling from all angles from the primary massĎ core, as M1 and M2 are one and the same in the current gravitational formula. Really, how does that work? When a local big bang does occur, expansion due to the explosion occurs some what equally in a 3600 spherical directions with the primary particle expansion along the rotational equator of the singularity. In the universe motion is always at play, thus rotation of the singularity about a common point or static motion, which is it?

   The concept of an expanding universe is based upon current observations and validated as fact, by the red shift in stellar objects thought to be on the edge in the universe, yet the weak force, gravity can not counter. There is an overall expansion from the alleged point of the big bang of the universe. The current scientific consensus states, gravity can not contain the overall expansion of the universe, then how can it contract local stellar galactic systems and repeat sequence on the solar system level?

   The universe and its many parallel overlapping levels once created, is always there, does not add or subtract spatial area. Life forms just pass through. Theories that push an expanding mass from the initial big bang, does not create a universe that expands spatial area, as this is the folly.

   With the addition of the repulsion force that balances gravity, the concept of a stable universe comes into form. It is the repulsion force, which will be covered in great detail later in astronomy 102, that allows a galactic system to form, limiting expansion from the black hole to the containment. Thus, giving rise to local stellar systems. But, lets give a quick synopsis of the relationship of the incoming gravitational subatomic particle flow and its resultant field intensity, countered by the outgoing repulsion subatomic particle streams, emitted from a black hole or stellar sized mass.

   To understand the force of gravity, which will be covered in great detail in astronomy 102, ) have to look at it from a fresh different scientific view point. So what is meant by that statement? Currently, scientists on earth have based their theories on gravity, as an attractive force between two masses. This is a common mistake. As civilizations in the universe moves from the scientific dark ages, to the first steps of controlling their world of the atom. The concept in their scientific worlds pertaining to gravity, was based upon their observations of magnets and its related field. This is how the gravitational formulas were based upon, formulated in old 1600 England. Is the current gravitational formula, as a part of repeated scientific measurements that work on earth, would it work in other parts of the universe? What about the modifications made by Einstein?

   The graviton is massless, so how does it apply a force to bend the sparse density of space? Gravity bends the flow of subatomic particles, not the space they travel through. This will be covered later in the Bending of Space and Time. As for Relativity will be looked at in the advanced section of 102. Letís just say the present day gravitational formula did not work on the moon, as this was one of the primary experiments of Apollo 11. If true, a singularity in a static state of rest from the beginning of time, would stay at rest. Matter can not be created or destroyed just transmuted. These are two of the primary rules in astrophysics, yet the singularity explodes. How?

   Mankind has little insight on how gravity works, but can only observe and measure the affects on the real world. So current theories is based upon the magnetic force. Magnetic masses have charges and this is the basis for attraction, yet scientists know general matter is in a state of equilibrium without a charge. So how does this work with gravity a weak force? It doesnít. Your clue is, that masses that are magnetic in nature do not attract and collide by overriding the current theories of gravity. Stability of a mass in galactic or stellar systems are balanced by a centrifugal force based on orbital velocity and distance. So every mass just happens to have the right distance and velocity? If gravity is a force, which it is, then how do two masses interact, if it is not an attractive charged force?

   In the universe, gravity is based upon subatomic particle movement in and out of a mass. In a quick synopsis, the incoming gravitational subatomic particle flow moves towards the core of the primary mass, due to pressure voids created by particle expulsion. When there is a mass within the field of primary flow, the gravitational subatomic particle flows through the mass. Its path is interrupted by the resistance of the molecular based mass. This resistance is transmuted into a force, that can be measured in any hypothetical unit, but has the same consistent ratio towards the center of the primary mass.

   With any subatomic particle flow to any mass, there is a need for stability. What is occurring, a natural process of incoming subatomic particle flow to the inner core causing crowding. Pressure increases creating an expanding oscillating outer containment shell, which eventually breaches in resultant concentrated streams. It is this outgoing flow, which one will come to know as the repulsion force. The incoming gravitational subatomic particles continue to flood the core of the primary mass, due to a lack of pressure differentials (a void), which attracts gravitational subatomic particles. Dependent upon the basic principles of the core, there is a expulsion refresh rate of gravitational subatomic particles along the equator of the mass, as a function of rotation and the angle of release between the equator and the poles of the axis of rotation.

   The outgoing flow due to crowding applies a pass through force away from the primary mass. This is how Galactic and solar systems allow organization in the universe to primarily to occur. Centrifugal force due to orbital velocity and distance is just a small chance factor, as the mass of the primary black hole or stellar object either gains or losses mass. Thus would destabilize orbits, if it is based upon centrifugal force.

   With the knowledge of gravity and how it truly works, it is the universe that is infinite, but the galaxies that reside in it expand and contract within its spatial area. If gravity according to current theories can not limit the expansion, how can universal space bend back upon itself creating a continuous loop of stars? The universe has no beginning or end, but it just exists.


Hubble Constant


   Your astronomers have a theoretical formula to where the distance of remote galaxies and there velocities yield a constant, which can be applied across all galaxies in this universe. The goal is, to verify the timeline of the Big Bang. How is it working? It isnít. The original Hubble Constant was 5 times larger, than what scientists presently think is a refined number. Look back, the Hubble Constant was created to give order to the expansion of the universe, but it was a guess. Hubble only looked at the red shift for velocities, but had little understanding of the variances, such that gravity would affect the path of the light subatomic particle flows from extreme distant galaxies.

   The affect of gravity on the path of sub atomic particle stream related to visible light through the universal spatial area is complex. There is no conclusive formula, which can encompass all of the variables, but only come close. You have recognized, that gravitational lensing (the path of light altered by a large gravitational source, where light converges at a focal point) does take place, but only at specific focal points. This will be covered in detail later in 101.

   When gravity bends a subatomic particle stream within the frequency of visible light, there is a corresponding shift to the red end of the spectrum. This naturally occurs during the sunsets on earth. As the light waves emanating from the sun, passes through more of the earthís gravity rather than at high noon. The path of light waves are parallel those of gravity with a smaller angle of incidence, to the gravitational subatomic particle streams moving towards the inner core of the earth. This is where the red shift micro measurements are off and do not give a true macro picture, of what is occurring in the universe.

   You use a Cephied variable star, as a luminosity intensity standard in the universe, where luminosity is directly related to the period of pulses. The period of pulses does not determine luminosity of star at its point of origin. But with the lack of knowledge on the fusion process, which occurs within stellar objects, one assumes this. A Cephied variable stellar pulsing object is based upon core compression from total stellar mass. The ratio of light to heavy elements within the inner core compression zone, which may be near a constant core refresh rate in most Cephied variable stars, due to the long stable periods of time, dictating the source of rhythmic frequency pulses.

   With the advent heavy element choke occurring within the inner cores, a by product of the fusion process, the accumulation of these heavy elements within the inner core compression zone will slow the process, due to the added properties which act like dampeners. Thus with reduced energy levels, an elongation of the period of pulsation occurs with the Cephieds. It is this core process, which sets up an oscillation of breach to compression within the core and defines period of bursts of energy within the stellar object. This is the difference between Cephieds and most stellar objects. The oscillation time between breach and compression is based from milliseconds to a much larger time base in almost all stellar objects. By time the energy flows to the surface, there is a tempering. A stable source of luminosity with sporadic bursts in the form of stellar flares, which will be covered later in 101. On a secondary level, it is the ratio of the area of the inner compression zone to total area of the stellar mass. Also needs to be considered.

   Luminosity is a direct dependent of the energy created, that can not be absorbed by the stellar mass, so it radiates away cooling the stellar surface. Some Cephied stellar objects do have similar sized masses, the exact luminosity and variable pulse rate, that is consistent between both objects, as a comparison. But, this is the exception. A uniform pulse rate among various Cephieds, does not dictate that the stellar luminosity are equivalent among all objects with the same variable rate. Your clue is the subtle differential rate of the variable pulsation rate, as the Cephied ages. The change will reveal a different mathematical curve luminosity versus time. Check it.

   Letís dig deeper into the many factors that determine a Cephied stellar object and its variable pulse. The outer mass which sets in place the compression of the inner core. The amount of fusion energy needed to breach inner core containment. Core refresh rate that establishes a defined period of bursts. The ratio of outer to inner core area coupled with heavy element saturation to light elements. All of his must be considered. As most Cephieds can behave similar to others, but they may present an uniform appearance in the universe, but are not equal within their inner cores.

   Many Cephied variable stars may have the same signature pulse rate, but the mass varies, as does the luminosity. Your method without a close visit to the stellar system will be subject to a myriad of errors affecting observations. Your observations are distorted by interstellar gas, gravity, red shifts, which are altered by a universal plane, in which galactic planes try to align with.

   Your recent experiments comparing the Hubble telescope to the new JW confirms the Hubble constant and its theories may not be correct. What is worse, the formula was back engineered to prove the universe is 13 to 14 billions years and try proving it right or start over. Scientists are now questioning the data, which is it? The new data or the early 20th century theory.


The Super Nova


   In the universe, the key to the general understanding is that, the laws are consistent with some variations, but not exceptions. The super nova in this case is a smaller version of mimicking a local big bang. The black hole is the center of the galaxy and controls the reset of the galactic spatial area. A super nova first consumes the solar system, then explodes. The variation here is that the solar system does not reset, but is eventually consumed on the galactic level by accretion from a black hole. More details on accretion later in astronomy 101. So lets examine what causes a super nova and the internal changes occurring within a stellar object leading up to a super nova.

   With a super nova, the process leading to a reset or stellar explosion is a random event, as opposed to the slower development of a galactic black hole leading to a localized big bang, yet there are similarities. What is meant by that statement? Stellar objects once compressed has to have elements available for fusion and break containment and not just expand and oscillate back. What is meant by oscillate back? There is a series of contractions with minor expansions, as the inner core pressure returns to the point before the fusion reaction to breach.

   A collapsing star eventually engulfs a solar system as planetary orbits destabilize where the starĎs gravitational grip is lost or the mass is absorbed. The mass gained by the stellar object is pale in comparison to a galactic black hole. Again there is a consensus among he general astrophysics that when a black hole is formed or collapsing stellar object, there is a hyperbolic increase in the gravitational field, yet the hyperbolic gravitational field intensity that captures subatomic light particles is not reflected in the current present gravitational equation, as the mass M1 is still a constant, but under compression. The process of the big bang has already been explained, so how does a super nova differ leading up to the explosion than a local big bang?

   First, the stellar object has to be in a state of transition. The fusion process within the stellar core has created an excess of heavy elements in conjunction with those present at creation which initially controlled the fusion process as a balance between reaction and containment, which we will cover next. This process is no different than the present day nuclear fission reactors, which have Cadmium control rods (AKA heavy element dampeners within the cores of stellar objects).

   A black hole starts to coalesce as a remnant mass which has remained in a static position, the central point of a big bang and after its expansion. Slowly gaining mass over eons due to stellar mass being absorbed due to an imbalance favoring the gravitational pull of the black holeís field of influence over nearby minor masses. This is the difference, now back to how a super nova initiates.

   As a stellar object ages, the fusion process creates heavy elements which gathers in the core and dampens the fusion reaction. Stellar energy output drops and gravity, a constant force creates an imbalance on the surface tension of the stellar object towards an inward flow of the stellar object. The fusion energy signature shifts erratically between dead zones and pockets of energy bursts. Thus the stellar object collapses along an descending oscillating curve. This process does not account for the increased shunting of energy, due to an influx of heavy elements.

   As the stellar object collapses, the heavy elements shifts towards the core due to gravity and pressure neutrality. Thus increasing the shunting of the fusion process continues to move the curve downward representing energy output. As a by product of the added compression, there is an upward shift. When rogue pockets of hydrogen or other light elements enter the compression zone to fuse and transmute to basic helium or other higher elements with a release of energy. So lets address core rotation, which is based on gravitational differentials in the universe and stellar rotation based upon a shrinking radius and conservation of angular momentum. Then we will address compression of rogue pockets available for fusion with in the core, which will initiate stellar surface breach. As all are prerequisites to a super nova.

   Core rotation of a stellar object is not an innate feature, which is present at creation. When a big bang occurs, there are spatial differentials of subatomic particle crowding vs. voids where a mass can adjust in any of 3600 spherical directions to equalize. But to initiate spin, this is different. The basis of core rotation, is driven by various parts within the core, which are gravitationally attracted to different sectors of the universe. Spin is initiated towards the gravitational source and then overshoots, only to rotate back towards the same point, due to momentum and the process repeats. Thus results with the inner core dragging the outer stellar mass creating surface rotation. This will be covered later in greater detail under basic stellar core rotation.

   As the stellar objectí radius collapses there is conservation of momentum, due to its initial rotational period of the stellar object about its axis, which increases rotational velocity dramatically, based on conservation of angular momentum from the reduction of the original radius of the stellar object. Now the outer compressed shell of the stellar mass is now dragging the inner core increasing its rotation to match the inner due to frictional contact along the surface of the lower outer core and the inner core surfaces. Negating the general attraction points in the universe. So how does this affect, what is going on in the core of a stellar mass now under compression?

   With the increased spin within the core of the collapsing stellar object, what inhibited the fusion reaction, was due to the settling of heavy elements in the center of the core. Centrifugal force now forces much of the heavy elements within the inner core, to migrate towards the outer fringes, which shunts the fusion reaction. As this process occurs, the light elements are drawn into the inner core by pressure differentials, created by the void left by migrating heavy elements. It is here, random events come into play. But before we address those random events, lets examine the gravitational containment field factors, the relationship of the decreased energy output of a stellar fusion core and its affects on the shell of a stellar mass.

   As a stellar mass approaches the end of its life cycle, it is the fusion energy produced within its core that is the determinate. The overall factor is the ratio of heavy elements to light elements in the fusion compression zone. This is not a smooth process of collapse, as there is an oscillation of compression creating energy and expansion, which subsides. Gravitational pressure then constricts the shell until another burst of fusion energy. But there is another factor.

   As a stellar object collapses the gravitational subatomic particle flow starts to organize due to close proximity of the wave formations. Thus gravitational wave phased amplification now comes into play. Details on gravitational phased subatomic particle flow amplification is covered later in astronomy 103. It is here that linear gravitational formulas no longer apply, as the radius of the stellar object is reduced to a small fraction of its original radius, the gravitational compression field intensity increases at a hyperbolic rate. This how the elements on the higher end of the atomic structure are naturally created.

   In order for a super nova to occur, there needs to be a sequence of leftover light element pockets to converge in the fusion compression zone of the inner core almost simultaneously, but in a certain order. A section of the inner core must be absent of any heavy elements, so that the first pocket of light elements release an energy burst. Thus stretching the outer core containment field to a peak, which is pushed back by the increased gravitational subatomic particle flow and its related containment field. Almost instantaneously directly followed by a larger pocket sucked into the void due to expansion which can burst the stellar gravitational containment field surrounding the inner core shell.

  Timing is everything to reversing the collapse of the stellar object into a super nova explosion and the expansion of the remnant stellar object into interstellar cloud of energy. Super novas are by chance, while galactic black holes resets are periodic, but always happens by design renewing parts of the universe.


The Fusion Process and the Determinates for Star Classification, intro to Dark Matter and Free Floaters


   Currently, scientists on earth have a partial solution of the fusion process, which occurs within the inner core of a stellar object. Presently the fusion process is based on hydrogen -helium core compression. So we will address all primary factors, which allows fusion process ignite, maintain energy production and stellar stability. What controls the fusion process within a stellar core? How does this affect the mankindís various star classifications, intro for Dark Matter unlit stellar objects and accompanying debris covered later in more detail under Dark Matter.

   During stellar formation, coming out of a local big bang, the galactic expansion releases heat (covered in detail in Astronomy 102) in the form of subatomic particles from the affected masses, which is moving away from the point of origin, the remnant black hole. A local big bang is a universal recycling event, thus resetting a galaxy that has expired due to being accreted by the central black hole. It is the heavy elements that coalesce first, as the seed of stellar and planetary objects, which creates an attractive gravitational field. It is here that the lighter hydrogen and helium gases present in thick gaseous surrounding clouds expelled from the black hole, that increased in density due to loss of heat, which coalesces around the heavy element potential seed, which could create stellar and planetary objects. All stars have a central core under compression from the accumulated mass gathered from the gaseous clouds, so lets address the relationship of the heavy elements as seeds and the injection of the lighter elements of hydrogen and helium.

   There is a critical ratio between light and heavy elements coupled with the available dense clouds of hydrogen and helium, to add to the gravitational seed of the heavy elements. In order for the fusion process to be invoked within a stellar core, the first requirement is for the seed to gravitationally attract parts of a dense hydrogen-helium cloud. This sets in place the eventual initial stable mass of the stellar object through accretion of available gaseous matter, which then dictates the rate of stellar core compression. Low mass objects forming, default into gas giant planetary objects covered in detail later. So how does this critical ratio of light element to heavy elements and core compression affect the fusion process within stellar objects during galactic creation?

   The seed, composed of heavy elements provides the formation of a gravitational static field to where the attraction of light elements needs to be maximized by added mass in order to past a critical point of core compression. Where the fusion process can be invoked, but maintained with out allowing the fusion process to exponentially increase. Thus preventing a breached stellar core, creating a nova.

   Now lets consider a different scenario, that is common about the universe. This will fill the missing mass gaps related to current theories of Dark Matter, which will be discuss in greater detail later. Your observations are correct, when there is a shift or lean in a different direction from the primary gravitational source of the stellar system. It is a gravitational source of Dark Matter. So this is a fact for our stellar system, so what does this mean?

   Coming out of the local big bang process, our stellar system has a dark gravitational partner, which has only been revealed by a tug on our planetary orbital system observed by the astute scientist, who thinks outside of the box. Again, it is the fusion process that comes into play, to where the ratio of heavy to light elements shifts to the heavy elements within the inner compression core. This shunts or shuts down the fusion process from ever sparking a continuous sustained fusion process. It sputters. So lets give some insight to explain this shift within a stellar inner compression core.

   The fusion process within an stellar object depends upon many factors, primarily core compression and the delicate balance concerning the ratio of heavy elements to the lighter elements responsible for the fusion process. On a secondary level, a core refresh rate allowing the incoming flow of light elements and the expulsion of newly created heavier elements. Core density and the shifting low and high pressure zones within the inner core compression zone, are responsible for this exchange. So how does this shifting of low and high pressure inner core zones work as a refresh rate to the inner stellar compression core?

   As the fusion process progresses within a stellar inner core, we will pick a point of the fusing of light elements, as an initial point of reference for the total internal process. Fusion compression within an inner core of a stellar object is a cycling oscillation of compression and expansion of the inner core. This process is no where similar to fission reactors, which dictate an even energy production flow, controlled by shunting Cadmium or like rods.

   Once lighter elements fuse, the new molecular structure has a far denser format, this reaction invokes particle crowding within the stellar inner compression core. It is these new fused elements, which are repulsed from the inner compression core. Thus leaving a pressure void, in which the lighter elements just outside the inner core oscillating pressure boundary, now gravitate towards the low pressure void. This is the basic process that continues to repeat. So lets address this process.

   Within a stellar object that does not light, there is an infused core of light elements, coupled an increased ratio of heavy elements to the normal stellar objects that light. Thus, the ratio of heavy elements residing in the inner compression zone of the core, shunts or inhibits the fusion process. This is similar to the cadmium rods in fission reactors. Inside the stellar object (dark matter), a subdued fusion reaction does occur, but the limited fusion energy created is reabsorbed by the stellar mass and the star never lights. Now one may ask, why does this occur?

   The gravitational seeds of stellar objects vary, to where some are more conductive to acquiring mass, as opposed to others. During the creation phase of our galaxy along the outer arms of the named Milky Way Galaxy, the internal inner compression core varies within stellar objects. As our Sun was propelled further from the central galactic remnant black hole of our Milky Way Galaxy before stellar formation. A gravitational attraction for the stellar seed, due to a random proximity coming out of a local big bang locks into a binary orbit. Location within the stellar nursery cloud does affect the ability to gather sufficient mass of lighter elements to invoke the fusion process within the inner compression core, if one of the primary members of the binary system is on the edge of the gaseous cloud.

   Is it more massive as stellar object, which failed to light, than our lit Sun, thus the tug on our planetary system? No, it is smaller in size as a solar mass due to no expansion of the stellar surface from heat, but the gravitational field is similar to our sun. If not, there would be a strong elliptical tug, which would be extreme and point to the source. As for the binary stellar system, there would be a wobble about the central point of rotation and the star field, which would reveal this shift. So a binary stellar system has similar mass, it is their gravitational fields that reveals their gravitational relationship, which proves the binary system is still there, but no visuals or infrared signature confirms this. You may ask why?

   In all stellar objects there is a fusion reaction, due to compression. Although heavy elements impede the fusion process. Stellar objects which do not light, are referred to as dark matter. It is the internal fusion process within the stellar object, that never increases surface temperatures of the stellar object in question. It is absorbed by the stellar mass and the ambient surface temperature of the mass is similar to the surrounding spatial area. Your hint is the shift of all planets in a particular direction.

   Now that we have covered the fusion process and how stellar objects light and shutdown, due to core compression and the ratio light to heavy elements within the inner core compression area. How does this same principle work with the various amount of visible stars in the universe and its many classifications?

Mankind has assumed that stars evolve and go through phases. Yes, there is oscillations of the bursts and suppression of the fusion process within the stellar inner core. Yes, this does affect the fusion process over time, as the mass is slowly consumed over time and released as the solar wind and heat subatomic particle flow. It is the ratio of heavy elements that increase within the inner core, as heavy elements crowd out the lighter elements, thus impeding the fusion process.

   As many stellar inner compression areas impede the fusion process due to crowding, the gravitational pull upon the stellar mass is enhanced, due to diminishing heat output supporting the stellar outer containment, its surface. After a stellar object almost completely collapses into what mankind concludes, is a rapidly rotating gravitationally compressed neutron star, there seems to be confusion. Hydrogen/helium and other heavy elementsí nuclear cores of protons and streaming electrons are not fusing into neutrons. Lets address this.

   In the universe, the basic particles that compose the ďatomic structureĒ, which will be covered in detail in astronomy 102, does not transmute into neutron, but the electron field under an intense gravitational field skims along the surface of the proton. Thus, the total atomic structure adapts a neutral charge, not the particle itself. The general behavior of the primary particles of the atomic structure under extreme compression remains the same. A neutron is primary particle of the atomic structure, that is in balance, if a charge is applied and held the particle could either be positive, as a proton or negative, anti proton a component of antimatter, which will be covered later in detail.

   You have stated that matter can not be created or destroyed, does the same goes for the version of electrons and protons. What needs to be considered is the over all charge of a compressed stellar object is neutral, but the stellar matter still has opposing charges. You say, how can I prove it? These same stellar objects have strong magnetic fields. How is that possible with a static neutral based mass with no internal differentials and particle crowding that creates motion?

     Star Classification is an observation in the field of Astrophysics, but does explain what is behind the starís formation and their distinct characteristics or properties under classifications? So lets address the more important parameters, which expands or limits the mass of the stellar object during formation after the local big bang. Stellar mass accumulation is dependent, first upon the initial size of the gravitational seed, which coalesces shortly after the bang. This determines the maximum acquired mass that can be gravitational stable. You ask why, so lets explain.

   Heavy elements coalesce first as gravitational seeds, as their eventual mass varies widely dependent distance and density of available mass dispersed from the local big bang. With that said, it is the large seeds, which are the source of giants and super giants in the universe and the smaller seeds are responsible for the medium stellar masses down to the dwarfs. So how does cloud density in primordial nurseries, tweak the accumulation of stellar mass?

   As we now know, a stellar mass varies in a galaxy, and this is factor of what one calls stellar nurseries. Primordial gaseous galactic clouds do vary in size and density. Thus, hydrogen and helium cloud density, dictates the upper limit for stellar mass growth, no matter the seed gravitational attraction. This means if one has a gravitational seed and the availability of hydrogen /helium gaseous mass cannot be attracted by the stellar gravitational seed, growth stops and the mass of the stellar object stabilizes. The few nurseries that are observed today, as most are dead with wisps of gaseous clouds in the general vicinity, have little to none of the primordial potential for star creation. As hydrogen cloud density is far less than after the local big bang. It is where, the seeding is now sparse and cloud density does not allow hydrogen to gather in enough mass for the forming stellar mass to spark a star, due to core compression. Most of already available seeds have been captured by other gravitational masses. Although it is possible for a rare formation of primordial small stellar object to spark the fusion process.

   The color of a stellar object is a byproduct of its intense surface temperature, which is determined by the fusion rate and core turnover occurring within the inner core due to compression. The controlling factors is the ratio of the light to heavy elements within the fusion process inner compression zone to the total stellar mass. As a secondary factor is the amount of the mass available for the fusion process. Voids are created, voids are filled. Coupled with the percentage of stellar mass transmuted per standard unit of time as a reference. So lets look at the extremes of stellar object creation brown dwarfs and super blue giants, which are known to mankind.

   In the universe, brown dwarfs are more common than mankind perceives. This is due to the shunted fusion reaction that occurs within the inner compression zone and most of the generated heat is absorbed by the mass. Then radiates the remaining surface heat into a thin atmosphere that leaches into space. This results in most brown dwarfs not lighting on the low end of fusion process and others increasing energy output to a level where surface light leaks through land and shallow water fissures, which would be similar to our dusk.

  The interesting part of this concept is that a Jupiter size mass that has acquired massive amounts of surface water or variations of some land mass as a free floater, the muted fusion process, which would be considered a slow burn, would self heat and light the planetary hybrid. With most brown dwarf objects hiding about the universe with little to no light visible to earth optics.

   As a planetary hybrid, the oceans would release vast amounts of oxygen into an atmosphere held tightly at or near the hybrid surface, due to the heavy gravitational subatomic particle flow towards the hybrid core. This opens up a vast array of potential life bearing planets, which are not dependent upon a goldilocks zone around a stellar object. As a free floater, stellar radiation, solar wind and flares will have little affect on the hybrid bio-mass. Life would flourish, based upon a varied set of elemental combinations. As our planet earth is hydro-carbon based. These are the two primary elements for organic matter on earth in conjunction with oxygen.

   The elements that life is based upon outside of our planet, would surprise many. As certain combinations of these elements, not to include all in these molecular bonds related to supporting life, would be Lithium, Sodium, Silicon, Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Sulfur. As all have some basis or are the basis for a vast array of life forms sprinkled about the universe. With Oxygen a component of all basic atmospheres, which supports life in various ratios, but not always the most important. Another correlation if one were to survey the universe, would be the mass of a life supporting free floaters. The greater the mass, the larger the life form due to the ambient gravity. On earth, the size of life forms was determined by sunlight intensity and distance from the sun, which was greater initially, but was pushed into a closer orbit in the past. Light increased the growth of plants and a shorter distance led to a tropical to sub-tropical environment about most of the earthís surface, in which already present life and quickly evolved into the dinosaurs. Which will be covered later in greater detail. So what is a free floater?

   During stellar creation one has been taught the primordial hydrogen-helium clouds, which were very dense and produced many stellar objects, starts to rarify over time. Stellar creation depletes the initial dense clouds coming out of the local big bang. So as stellar creation starts to wane over hundreds of millions of years, due to low density hydrogen-helium clouds, the available medium stellar seeds, which has mostly been acquired by larger stellar mass or lit as stars. But, the seeds that would coalesce into dwarfs are smaller and still there. Thus the smaller stellar objects and now some planetary objects with hybrid attributes of stars. The basis of a fusion reaction is a source of hydrogen from a depleted cloud attracted by a small heavy element seed. The accumulation of matter changes for an object either stellar or planetary potential free floater in a depleted cloud, but how?

   The seed does collect vast amounts of hydrogen-helium, although that process starts to tails off over time. As hydrogen cloud concentration decreases at an exponential rate. Galactic solid debris, loose heavy elements that have not coalesced into a seed, falls upon the frozen hydrogen spherical mass, thus trapping and compressing it. As the mass grows, inner core compression increases, to where portions of the surface start to heat as vents and cracks develop to ease the pressure. Parts of the surface now hot, added mass creates growing gravitational pull, which attracts rogue parts of the depleted cloud. With heat and available oxygen already attracted as part of the atmosphere, the hydrogen cloud now atmosphere fuses with the oxygen and water rains down on the new hybrid planet, sculpting its surface and creating shallow ocean basins, as many areas of the surface do not contract evenly. Those areas that expand when encountering push back rise into hills and mountains. We will examine hills, mountains, valleys, lakes, and oceans on planetary objects including the hybrids later in astronomy 101. These objects are basically loners and far enough away from stellar objects to be a primary capture.

   Free floaters are unique objects in the universe. First being a brown dwarf planetary hybrid, but its path through spatial area is not dependent upon a single gravitational source. Usually in a binary stellar system where both stellar objects are either light or remains dark, the free floater dithers between both gravitational objects for a period of time. This is dependent upon distance between stellar objects and their mass differentials. As the gravitational field of one of the stellar objects, due to a slow drift movement towards one or the other, the free floater accelerates towards one mass due to the increase gravitational field dominance once past the dither point and sphere of near neutral attraction. The orbital path then slings around the stellar mass returning to the dither point, slowed by the increasing repulsion force and the gravitational tug from the stellar mass it just left. After a period of time the free floater resumes the same orbital path accelerating towards the other stellar mass. If the orbital path was observed from above the orbital stellar plane, which is does not align with the sun ecliptic plane, would reveal an elongated figure eight.

   We know orbital paths for dwarfs, hybrids and planets around a single stellar object, adheres to the primary gravitational orbital plane and is circular by design. More details will be discussed in orbital planes in astronomy 101. If part of a binary system there is a tug in the direction of the accompanying stellar mass. For the free floater there is a binary orbital plane between the two stellar objects in a figure 8 sling orbit, which cuts across the single star orbital plane. This may or may not align with the Milky Way galactic core, the remnant black hole due to stellar object positioning above or below the galactic plane.

   So an orbital path that affects a free floater has gravitational affects that goes beyond an orbital plane. So what does that mean in plain English. If an unknown rogue free floater was to pass through our solar system, it would enter at an angle either from above or from below our solar ecliptic plane. This is dependent upon the other stellar object relative position to our Sun referenced to the Milky Way Galactic plane. There are pass through consequences. You have asked, why a figure 8?

   This is simple. The strongest gravitational draw point for a orbital width of an object between to gravitational points, is the center line between them connecting the two. This controls lateral motion and the overshoot to either side. As an universal object drifts away from the center line connecting two stellar masses, which is responsible for a planetary binary orbit, there is a mounting pressure, which increases as a function to the lateral distance and the density of the universal spatial area from the line. This insures a snap back towards the central connecting line, which has a lower density. So how would a free floater, aka a brown dwarf planetary hybrid orbital path, be affected in a multiple star system?

   When there are multiple stellar objects, the rules for conventional orbital paths defy mankindís theories on gravitational behavior by a rogue object or free floater. Each stellar object sets the free floater or rogue object outer orbital boundaries in a three dimensional spatial box of area of the universe, to where the gravitational center for an orbital path can be established. The location of this point of neutrality (a location where the combined gravitational flows from all solar masses would be static in creating motion in any direction with each stellar object only) is within this spatial area.

   For the free floater in a multiple star system, due to initial reference positioning point, there is movement towards one or more stellar objects, but there is also a lateral flow towards the direction of another star that influences the overall gravitational field. So the free floater moves in the direction of the greatest gravitational attraction. Then overshoots due to inherent momentum and pulls away from the first gravitational source. As the free floater motions towards the second gravitational source, another stellar objects alters its path and again overshoots heading towards a new gravitational flow. This internal orbital motion which continuous repeats around the combined multiple stellar system gravitational neutrality point, dictating the motion within a closed loop orbit.

   Orbital abnormalities here includes deformities that the orbital the loop adheres to, as multiple gravitational objects and their field flows, which can shift the orbital object in towards the point of neutrality coupled with an equal response outward of an median radius within the orbital plane. There also can be a rise above with an equal response below the median orbital plane. As the orbit must balance any deviation of motion from neutrality.

   So we now have an orbital path for a free floater in an orbital closed loop interior of the multiple stellar formation, with an orbital path that shifts in and out to the axis of rotation, couple with its path rising and falling below the perceived orbital plane. An orbit balanced by gravity from multiple sources, that does not align with current gravitational theories. Now what?

   Moving on to the other extreme, is the super blue to rare blue-violet stellar giants, yet to captured by present optics, due its short wavelengths (blue-violet) and spatial absorption within our universe. This class of stars is underwhelming, compared to brown dwarfs as for new knowledge. Potential for life is rare among Blue giants, due to high radiation, heat and solar winds. These stellar objects are mostly created shortly after the local big bang within the densest and largest hydrogen-helium clouds peppered by very large stellar seeds that compressed due to the rapid loss of heat.

   What makes the Blue Giants different, is that the heavy stellar seeds maximize their ability, to gather hydrogen leading to the massive Giants. This is due to the larger seed carrying capacity, the hydrogen-helium inner compression zone, has a smaller ratio of shunting heavy elements within that inner compression core in comparison to total mass of the stellar object. Thus the fusion reaction creates a great excess of energy, in which the solar mass can not absorb. Inner core compression area to outer mass shifts towards parody, where ratio is much closer than the other star classifications. The excess radiated energy shifts the light spectrum to blue and in rare cases blue-violet.

   The stellar objects, which are in between the extreme examples presented here, vary by the amount of mass, that can be gathered within hydrogen-helium cloud. Cloud density is also another factor along with the carrying capacity of the heavy element seed, which dictates the mass stability of the solar object. The ability to gravitationally hold mass gathered without shedding it. The other variables responsible for the other star classifications are the ratio of heavy elements to light, compression needed to initiate the fusion process within the inner core, due to mass, available hydrogen fuel and the core refresh rate. All attributes do contribute to a stars radiating intensity (heat and brightness), initial mass, color variations and ultimate life span. Star transmutation through other classifications will be cover next in further detail.


The Process of Star Transmutation through H-R Classifications


   A we examine the process of stellar transmutation, the Blue Super Giant shall be addressed first. This classification of stellar object does not transmute or change to another version of star classification, due to its mass and intense inner core compression, which controls the fusion rate. This is verified by observations of the current universe and not finding cooler versions of a blue giant. So what does happen when a Blue Super Giant is at or near the end of life span?

   As the blue super giant nears end of life, the inner core is choked with heavy elements created over millions to billions of years by the fusion process. In the central inner core, the heavy elements float about the fusion zone at a gravitational neutral point or equilibrium. The core refresh rate over time increases, reducing the period of time associated with the recycling of the light to heavy ratio within the core. The cycle of heavy elements which circulate in and out of the inner compression zone, eventually causes the fusion process within the blue super giant inner core to sputter. Due to the choking off the fusion process within the inner core compression zone, which is now dampened by the vast numbers of heavy elements created by the fusion process and now residing within that same zone.

   This causes violent surface contractions due to a reduced fusion process, which is oscillating in a sinusoidal wave super imposed along a function of a curve related to passage of time to fusion output (imagine a common sine wave [the average variation of the radius of the stellar object, which are convulsions, equals amplitude and the average rate of completed cycles of compression and expansion, which will equal the frequency of the wave] where its neutral point of the wave format follows a curve line that decreases over time). Thus there is a reactive collapse, which creates stellar surface dimples. Which are dependent upon the area of the inner core affected by loss of outward pressure, directly below the area of contraction upon the surface.

   The side effect of the inner core collapse, immediately invokes inner core compression at a new internal reduced radius. Forcing sporadic random redistribution of areas of light elements by compression pressure pushing out the heavy elements. The inner core compression zone in turn increases energy and expansion occurs. The stellar surface oscillates between compression and expansion, to where the stellar radius fluctuates and its visible light emission seems to vary in color and light intensity, but maintains an overall decreasing pattern at an exponential rate. Over time this pattern reverses, as exponential rate increases almost symmetrically, due to the inner core pushing back against stellar compression and then stabilizes.

   With the outbound core pressure waning, the gravitational field emanating from the stellar mass continues to crush the core due to the decreased stellar radius. The side affect due to conservation of angular momentum, is now a increased rate of rotation, which is starting to drag the inner core. The inner core, which usually drives stellar surface or planetary rotation, due to internal heavy element attraction to other gravitational sinks, has not changed. You can review stellar core rotation later for more details in astronomy 101. So what does this affect?

   With an increased rotation coupled with core contractions, the stellar object becomes more violent. As heavy elements are spun out of the inner compression zone, due centrifugal force from an increased stellar rotation, now dragging the inner core. Light elements flow into the created void, which was once compressed or pushed back due to pressure from the heavy elements. There is a release of new pockets of fusion energy, which is not shunted by heavy element dampeners. This action creates an oscillated expansion of the core in an increasing amplitude and frequency. As the stellar radii continues to slowly decrease after somewhat stabilization. The stellar mass rotation becomes so volatile on certain cycles, the inner compression core area is repeatedly vacated of heavy elements, due to centrifugal force, the shifting churn and pressure differentials within the inner compression core.

   If or when the inner core zone is free of heavy elements, light elements fill the void just before the oscillating surface compression, as the radii of the inner core compression area is reduced violently. The energy release can potentially create a core breach. Morphing into either nova or super nova dependent upon fusion pocket synchronization, coupled with an inbound phased pressure wave towards the inner core. Outward expansion overcomes insufficient gravitational incoming compression pressure and the finally the total mass of the compressed Blue Super Giant.

   As an alternative to that event, if the light elements are choked off and the starís radii decreases. The stellar object becomes a stable and strong source of gravity and a significant magnetic field develops. Dark matter (in that it does not reflect light, as it absorbs the visible light spectrum, but does reveals itself due to a gravitational subatomic particle signature) which may reveal itself when the compressed stellar object vents excess energy captured by itís intense gravitational field and subatomic particle streams exits via its rotational poles.

   Current theories based on the life of the star are related to its mass. If that was true, the Blue Super Giant would exhaust its fuel in several thousand years by the star life formula calculators. Stars do not just compress hydrogen in the core without dampeners and maintain a steady fusion reaction. The core would explode, just like a fusion bomb. Yet this theory is treated as fact, when ones own controlled fission reactors have dampeners.

   Your H-R sequence diagrams do classify the various known stars luminosity and the wild guesses on stellar mass, which are not even close. You ask, why do I say that? Because one has made, what scientists researched as an educated guess on the mass of the earth. Then use its orbital velocity around the sun, which is correct. The distance to the sun which is also correct by earth measurements, but scientists backfilled the current centrifugal formula for orbital stability and the sunís mass pops out. You do not have a clue of whatís in the sunís inner core, nor the compression rate of hydrogen during the fusion process. Then one extrapolates these findings into the universe, compounding mistakes based upon previous theories.

   Stellar objects on the high blue end may see a rapid shift from blue to white during its end phase, but this phase is very short in relationship to cosmic time. Many blue stars will oscillate in a decreasing shift from blue to white and back with subtle changes in hue that are deeper. Present day optics will not capture these events, as astronomers are focused on stellar movement and not those that disappear, and would be considered dark matters as an end result.

   Middle sequence stars, like our sun do somewhat follow the H-R Classification. Only that the solar mass is reduced over time and the inner core compression rate does change. This is due to, the increased amount of heavy elements created by the fusion process within the inner core compression area, which inhibits and eventually shuts down the total fusion process. The resultant stellar color does shift from yellow to orange or red. But, middle sequence suns do not evolve to Red Giants. More details on red giant in astronomy 101.

   There are 2 issues that prevent this from occurring. First, as the fusion process shuts down, the energy distribution to the stellar mass wanes and shifts towards the lower end of the visible light spectrum. This would invoke stellar compression, but would fulfill the red end spectrum of light. If a stellar mass was to expand in volume, which would need an increase in core activity, the gravitational subatomic particle stellar mass containment field would have to diffuse. But this reduction in force to maintain the appearance of surface tension or a defined surface of a star, would fail. Your own gravitational formulas would not back, the containment force needed due to an increased radius for red giant stellar surface. More details on Red Giants are given in astronomy 101. In the case of our sun, it presently tends to shift temporary up to white then eventually will fall back to red, as a final sequence. What is responsible for turning our sun from yellow to white? More details are available in astronomy 102.

   It is a new magnetic influence that introduced itself into the inner solar system, that is affecting the inner core of the sun. The heavy elements within the inner core compression zone of the sun has shifted slightly out the neutral buoyancy position towards the general position of magnetic influence. Is earth responsible for the magnetic influence? The answer is no. What has occurred in the inner core compression area of our sun, is that there are fewer heavy elements dampeners. Thus the fusion process has invoke a greater energy output, resulting in a greater amount of heat subatomic particles reaching the earthís surface. The increased frequency and amplitude of light is another by-product of this process. Now the earth does have a process for reducing the heat, with increased plant growth unless interfered with. This is on scientists and the world. As carbon is being removed at an accelerated rate due to the increase light, but no one is paying attention. As the earth has its own balances to restore a planetary equilibrium. When an asteroid hit the earth in the ultimate climate change, did all life end? No.


Stellar Nurseries


   The hydrogen gas clouds that scientist have observed, has little in the way of cloud density. What process would allow portions of the cloud to collapse into a stellar mass, which will light from the thinly dispersed cloud? The heat differentials needed from within the cloud to the ambient spatial area, are not there for cloud compression. A loss of heat, which has already dissipated, would be needed to invoke condensation. What about the observed Nebulas about the universe?

   Nebulas as one already knows, are the remnants of stellar nova or other cosmic explosions, where what was left of the star or stars, is expanding outward. When a stellar nova or super occurs as part of a multiple star system. It is these remaining stars, which ionize the cloud and those stellar objects the cloud overtakes. Yes, there is a hydrogen cloud, but its density is thin and cloud material is moving away from each other. This is not the setting in a universal spatial area, which would invoke condensation of matter to form a new star. The concept is counter to general laws related to the expanding universe.

   The present day gravitational formulas will not support gravitational contraction, as each individual gas molecule would be pulling on all molecules from all directions, creating a static form of cloud. The gaseous cloud does hold its basic shape, but shifts due to density differentials within the cloud, but would not apply to nebulas, due to its inherent outward motion. You have no visible source of a heavy mass to initiate gravitational attraction within the cloud to spark new star formation. What controls the current version of the fusion process once invoked? As astronomers have seen a star spark in any nursery, which has been identified. This is where, scientists have to reconsider the current theories involving stellar nurseries.

   Any stars that are within the stellar nursery or possibly just behind it, have lit billions of years ago. As one cannot determine a starís age by its mass and color. Just like Red Giants, which will be covered in detail later, are created in stellar nurseries and does not dictate the end phase of most stars. As a stellar mass nears the end of its life cycle, there is a great loss of the original stellar mass, which was converted to heat, light, and the solar wind. Coupled with the decreased size of the inner compression core and available hydrogen-helium fuel, choked with heavy elements created over the life of the star, the fusion rate collapses. In the case of red giants, there is not enough outward pressure to counter the starís own gravitational field, thus the solar mass collapses, not expand into a red giant. Stellar cores are the true determinant of those features.

   A true stellar nursery is created just after a local spatial area big bang in the universe, which has initiated the hydrogen-helium clouds to compress. This is due to the high temperature differentials within the cloud to the ambient temperature of the outer general spatial area of expansion. It is the loss of heat (condensation) and gravitational attraction (acquiring stellar mass) to the heavy element seeds, which spark stellar formation. The primordial hydrogen clouds would block light passage. So what we see today, may have been a nursery at one time, but currently does not have the cloud density to spark development of a new star. Only on a rare occasion where a gravitational seed drifts into the cloud already with a hydrogen core, then gathers more mass from the densest parts of the cloud. In which the encounter adds more mass invoking fusion inner core compression, then sputters, lights and eventually fails, due to a poor heavy to light element ratio within the inner core compression zone. Thus reverts back to dark matte Dark Matter will also be covered in greater detail later in astronomy 101.

   The known present day stellar nurseries are just a thin veil of their past. What about the stars we see in the nursery? What about them, yes the could have been created after the surroundings, but this does not dictate the present stellar nursery observed is an active situation. Plain and simple the cloud is depleted and thin, which one can confirm with current optics.


The Accretion of Stellar Mass along the Gravitational Field Edges of Black Holes


   Present day theories and the consensus of most astrophysics back the accretion disk, which lies just outside of the event horizon that rips away stellar material. So lets look at this theory and its flaws. Then address this subject in greater detail later under Black Holes.

   Current theories has orbital velocity and a stable distance, as the key factors to maintain an orbit. So how would this concept support an accretion disk about a black hole on the edge of the event horizon? Take some time to think before moving on the next paragraph.

   If one tries to apply present day gravitational formulas to a black hole, they fail. How does a mass achieve an orbit around a black hole? It doesnít. If an orbit was achieved, the various mass would not slow due to frictional contact, as all mass along the orbital path are moving at the same velocity. So the debris field or stellar gas which composes the accretion disk about a black hole, has a different set of gravitational and orbital rules, that govern the asteroid belt and planetary rings. It doesnít.

   The concept of gravitational potential increasing subatomic particles acceleration, yes it does towards the black hole with no energy applied to forward orbital velocity. The mass or gases are captured, as the orbit collapses within an increased field density. The accretion disk provides the light surrounding the black hole? It doesnít. How? Little outward energy is escaping the black hole and the fabric of what was stellar objects, has gone dark. As the fusion process has shut down. Stellar objects which are still functioning, gravitationally drawn near the black hole are the primary source of light and luminous gas surrounding a black hole.

   When a black hole compresses, its mass does not change significantly just the radius. Yet the intensity of the gravitational field increases at a hyperbolic instead of an exponential rate. The present day gravitational formula does not account for hyperbolic field intensification due to a black hole. As a galactic or stellar system collapses due to an increasing gravitational field from the black hole or star, orbital velocities can not maintain orbital stability. Thus, the inner stellar and planetary field shifts inwards and is eventually captured, triggering an increase of mass for the black hole or collapsing star. This sequence of events is the tipping point, that moves the black hole or star to resemble a singularity. But it is not to the point, where the size of the mass is reduced by a value approaching infinity. The singularity concept is incorrect.

   What one can conclude is that accretion disk along the edge of the event horizon, can not exists under the present laws of physics and gravitation. Any stellar matter would just be captured, instead of forming a disk of stellar matter rotating about the edge of the event horizon of a black hole. With the stellar matter being ripped away over time.


The Bending of Space and Time


   The problem with current theories on Space and Time, one needs to dig down to the basics and examine basics concepts to where what is observed align with the known theories? So letís examine the current theories of the Bending of Space and Time, starting with Space first.

   Basically for mankind, space is a 3 dimensional expanding area filled with matter. And before one starts with the concept space and time represents the fourth dimension, one should ask how? Space is nothing more than a container that is infinite in three dimensions, which holds mass and energy in many forms. There is no beginning or end. The passage of time is a constant for a universal spatial, which is based upon subatomic particle velocities and the completion a subatomic particle wavelength. Subatomic particle velocity does vary in parallel universes, which overlap the same space, vibrating at a different frequency. But, the passage of time is still a constant. Although its passage is slower in other parallel universes or spatial densities, due to a longer subatomic particle wavelength and higher velocities.

   The first question one should ask? If matter cannot be created or destroyed, how could there be a infinitesimal singularity? The compression of matter has a finite point. The second question to consider, is that space is not mass, but is a massless containment. It is here one may come to the conclusion, that gravity a subatomic particle that has mass. Gravity does affect all mass within the confinement of space. Space does not bend due to the forces of gravity. It is the mass contained within the spatial area that does. So in laymanís terms what does this mean?

   You cannot fold space is it is a three dimensional containment for universal matter. Yet in order to prove current theories on the folding of space, current illustrations show a universe in two dimensions to demonstrate the folding of space when it is three dimensional, which cannot fold upon itself.

   Gravity bends the light one sees, not the space. The universal mass maintains an equilibrium due the repulsion force, which will be covered in detail in astronomy 102. But as we know there are Black Holes where extreme gravitation compression occurs with stellar masses seem to distort the surrounding space. Black Holes and their gravity affect mass, as this is what distorts not the surrounding space.

   Time is a progression of particle movement through a universal spatial medium that varies due to its density. This is a complex discussion. As the universe has many layers superimposed upon the same spatial area. Gravity does not affect the passage of time, but density shifting to a parallel universe does. As particle movement through a less dense medium slows the passage of time compared to our universe and density. This again is a subject we will go into in greater detail in astronomy 102.


Black Holes


   Astrophysicists are just beginning to research black holes. It is only within the last two decades, that have they considered that a black hole resides at the center of every galaxy, which allows a reset. When a galaxy dies through accretion of all mass, the black hole is also responsible for compression of the galactic mass into a singularity. The fundamental processes of accretion, maintenance, dispersion and finally the reset of the remnant black hole is not anywhere near mankindís theories of an event horizon and accretion disk.

   A Black Hole at the point of galactic reset does explode and expand locally about the universe. Where only spatial expanse existed, due to the repulsion force emanating from the black hole, which is affecting the nearby galaxies or major stellar clusters. The black hole is the singularity that scientists are seeking, as the universe is composed of many singularities, instead of just one. So lets examine the internal processes of a black hole, after it has captured almost all of the mass, of what was the ambient galaxy.

   Over billions and in few cases several hundred million years based on the passage of time on earth, the accretion of the galaxy completes and the black hole aka dark matter matures as a single entity. The singularity with approximately 98% of the mass of the original galaxy is contained by an intense gravitational field, to where light, heat and magnetic subatomic particle streams do not reach the general surface of the singularity. Thus undetectable in its final phase to mankindís instruments.

   The black hole still captures the universal debris float around the singularity. Additional mass is what increases compression within the core, which oscillates in a rhythmic cycle of compression and expansion on the containment shell. With compression slowly increasing the inner core becomes more volatile. It is within the inner core of the black hole, which does the create the lionís share of heavy elements, which is sprinkled about the universe. Does the stable form of element 115 exist in the universe in a natural form? Yes, but traces would be found in the inner stellar systems that rotate closest about the black hole. You have asked why?

   Element 115 is the most common heaviest stable element in the universe others may exists in a temporary state of existence. It is when created in the inner core of the black hole, the heaviest element drifts closest to actual center, due to its mass. When a black hole explodes some remains near the point of dispersion the rest has a low velocity due to close proximate of center and this is where it remains.

   The secondary affects of increased inner core compression and volatility is the stripping of the electrons from the heavy elements, inducing an intense flow out of around and back into the inner core, its magnetic field. Details will be covered later in astronomy 101. Volatility also starts to erodes inner lining of the containment shell, coupled with repulsion subatomic particles also inhibited from escaping, due to an intense incoming gravitational subatomic particle field, the particles just bounce back. Slowly over time the containment shell thins and pressure builds within. There comes a point, where the incoming gravitational float encounters periods of local ambient universal field depletion, which coincides with a thin containment shell around the black hole singularity and an inner core phased expansion. At this point in time a breach occurs and the black hole explodes, which one observes as a quasar. Now we can address the current theories related to black holes.

   First, current theoretical drawings depict a circular plane, which curves into a descending funnel tube or an accretion disk on the edge defying the gravitational pull of a black hole. Now one does understand why this theory may have been proposed. If one were to observe the area about a black hole from the front and the back, scientists would draw this as a straight on view of a circular plane on both sides. With a straight line that pierces the center of those circular planes and the center of the singularity of the black hole, we have the center line for the funnel. Current gravitational theories is based on a mass to mass attraction. As a mass draws closer to the singularity, the mass moves closer that funnel line. Current theoretical pictures have taken the straight on view and rotated 900 degrees to give the current view. This concept only considers mass that moves along the center line, towards the singularity. This is the primary flaw.

   A gravitational mass attracts subatomic particles from all sides of a mass. This is science 101 in the universe and is part of the current equation, but direction is not a defined parameter for a black hole. If we shift the view of the black hole by 900 degrees, does the theory hold true? So lets examine the current theories on black holes.

   At the center of a galaxy there is black hole. Which in laymanís terms is a mass, equivalent to hundreds of thousands to billions of stars, as an average in the universe excluding the low and high end exceptions. Lets consider a singular entity as a gravitational source, which controls all parameters of a galaxy, then address a more complex situation. Where multiple black holes have initiated a gravitational dance, which are separated by the repulsion force.

   With a singular black hole that controls the general formation, stellar grouping, stellar arms, stellar rotation even at galactic edges, there is uniformity. You were instructed, it is the rotation or lack of the black hole mass, which determines the shape of the galaxy. This is due to he repulsion force. The repulsion force will be discuss in detail later in this paper. When a outgoing force is applied equally in a 3600 spherical directions to stars in a galactic cluster, what would be the result? Observation, would reveal, where no rotation of a black hole singularity, it would yield a static gravitational circular globular cluster by design. The galaxy is in equilibrium.

   Lets consider a black hole with an inner core that has some rotation and does have sufficient torque to affect rotation of the singularity mass. How would this affect the galactic stellar masses, which moves about the core of the black hole? With a little more rotation of the singularity, it creates a repulsion subatomic particle stream, which stretches along the equator of rotation, thus producing various elliptical galactic formations. Dependent upon the repulsive force of those outgoing streams, one would observe the stretch from the galactic center. With a greater rotation of the black hole, there is a greater the stretch along the galactic plane.

   If the rotational values of the black hole singularity increases just fractionally, the galactic formation about the black hole morphs into a spiral galaxy. The emitted repulsion streams define the spiral arms, but still influenced by outside gravitational subatomic particle flows, details to follow.

   If we address the basic black hole as a singularity without the influence of outside gravitational subatomic particle flows, we can get a clear picture on the process. What mankind has arrived at, is an incoming gravitation field so intense, most subatomic particles related to light and matter, do not escape due to crowding vs. mass to mass gravitational theories. So what insight can we provide to mankind?

   It is the incoming gravitational subatomic particle flow that overwhelms any outbound subatomic particle flow from the black hole. When outgoing particles encounter the incoming flow, there is a bounce back (subatomic particle crowding) that dampens, at first, then shunts the flow of light related subatomic particles, as the fusion process has basically compressed and is limited to a smaller area of the inner core. You have been informed, that a black hole is behind the process of creating and maintaining a galaxy. During the end process that same galaxy collapses into a galactic black hole singularity, where it morphs from a collector of stellar mass, to where it explodes and renews the galaxy over time. We will now advanced to a galaxy with multiple black hole clusters and what affects do the incoming and outgoing gravitational flows their inherent structures and the resultant galactic star field.

   If a scientist were able to observe from a distance a galaxy, which had multiple black holes at its center, there would be several conclusions one could arrive at. However with current present understanding of the universe, many would be unable to solve. Yet, if given time, a general solution would come. So lets consider some of the basic parameters, as the black hole interact first with each other.

   The first misconception in astrophysics is that multiple black holes at the center of galaxy merge, or absorb each other. This can not occur, due to the universal repulsion force, where most scientists are unaware of and is why the planets do not collide. There is a dance that is initiated between the black holes although the gravitational float field is distorted, but sets up an imaginary gravitational focal point based on the equalization of all universal forces of the black holes. Once the incoming gravitation subatomic particle flow is reaches the point of equalization. So what are some of the tell tale signs of a galaxy, which reveals its galactic center may harbor multiple black holes?

   Multiple black holes rotating about each other or in a rare instance set up a static positional relationship, which may or not rotate as a total unit, which seems to creates a common point of mutual gravitational central point of attraction. Yet the gravitational subatomic particle flow still migrates to the strongest flow of the black holes due to proximity. The disconnect is considering the complex interaction of the various black holes and their magnetic fields. So how does the alignment of the black holes inherent magnetic fields with a common point of gravitational attraction affect a galaxy?

   The incoming gravitational subatomic particle float vs. outgoing repulsion subatomic particle streams, rotation about each other and more important magnetic axis alignment to each other, which would be askew with changing alignments. Without a dominant mass, the magnetic poles are independent of each other. With a dominant black hole and satellite black holes the magnetic poles do align. There is a some what erratic outburst of repulsion subatomic particle streams within the inner galactic plane, but tends to equalize, due to dispersion as they reach the outer edges of the galactic plane.

   If one were to examine a galactic core with similar sized black holes, the gravitational-repulsion dance constantly changes distances and angular perspectives within the established sphere of influence. The sphere of influence is the maximum distance the black holes drift from the theoretical gravitational central point of all black holes. The constantly changing locations, intensity of the individual black hole magnetic fields would affect rotational tilt to each other. Thus rotational repulsion expulsion streams emitted along the equators of the black holes, would be on different planes at the center of a galaxy. This would account for stray galactic stellar arms above or below the general galactic plane, which behaves similar to the solar orbital plane and its planetary orbital sweep. This will be covered later in this paper.

   Lets consider the current details present in theories concerning Worm and Black holes. What universal forces would need to be in place to make this happen? Black holes are present at the center of all galaxies. If not, the gravitational force needed to organize the stellar field of billions of stars from clusters to spiral arms coupled with rotation, could not be achieved. A black hole captures all universal subatomic particle flows. Any mass within the inner galaxy would not increase its orbital spin, as it approaches )r concept of an event horizon. So how does one support current accretion disk theories?

   The formation of a accretion disk around a extreme gravitational sink, a black hole, could only exist between the inflow above and below of what would be a rotational outgoing subatomic repulsion stream along the equator of the black hole. The is the same blueprint that forms planetary rings, which will be covered later. What scientists did not consider in their theories of black holes and its two inflow inflowing event horizons a 1800 degrees apart, is the orbital velocity of the accretion disk to maintain an equilibrium above a black hole. According to the current theories, the accretion disk rotation could not counter gravity at the edge of that which captures light. Any mass that was approaching the event horizon, would be attracted directly to the center of the black hole at or near the speed of light, not with an angle of incidence which would induce any chance of orbital rotation. Adding a depressed center dropping into a funnel tube. Consider what are the support features in astrophysics that the tube, which is suppose to connect two points in space, with the black hole as the focal point, which does not collapse upon itself as it gets narrower.

   So how can an accretion disk be formed on the outside edge of a Black hole with the technological advanced gravitational models? First, the matter that makes up the accretion disk gathered on the edges of a Black hole, would have to be in a state of equilibrium. Otherwise it would have been captured. Under the current laws of gravity the force of incoming gravity must be balanced by an outgoing force. I say it is the repulsion force, one could say it is centrifugal force, but how would the accretion disk of stellar matter achieve such velocities while in rotation? Even if a star collapse and conserved its momentum its own rotation could not be transferred to the accretion disk and would be dampened by the great distance from the Black Hole.

   Disks or rings that do occur in the universe, are not by chance, there is a process. The repulsion subatomic particle outflow forces random dust, and small matter outward until the incoming gravitational field determines a static position by the differentials of similar sized mass particles. This why there are bands in planetary rings, but with stars it is rare, as they tend to coalesce. So why the appearance of a disk?

   Repulsion subatomic particles has the greatest force along the equator, their preferred exit point due to rotational spin about the axis. The returning gravitational subatomic particles are in an intense float field mode, which is flowing back to the core of the object in this case a Black hole. The incoming field is being compressed as it moves inward, thus applying pressure from above and below, towards the exiting streams. This tends to flatten the disk of debris and matter into a thin expanding disk by design. This will be covered in more detail under orbital planes and its sub set, planetary rings within a solar system.

   The last major part to be examined is rotation of the accretion disk. It is here that the delicate balance of centrifugal force and gravitational force shows a disconnect in the current theories. As a Black hole is created, the collapsing star at its center goes through a series of oscillations of contractions and expansions to where the force of gravity varies wildly. So how would the accretion disk balance its centrifugal force to counter the changes? Pulled in gravity, the conservation of momentum of the accretion disk would not sufficiently increase in velocity of rotation to avoid capture. On expansion gravity would decrease and some of the accretion disk would escape in the beginning stages. But there are many stages. These are some of the affects, which have not been considered by the current laws of gravitation. So lets examine the same scenario under the new Gravitational Subatomic Particle Flow technology advancements.

   The accretion disk (if it was to exist in the present theoretical format) is held in place, as a balance of the incoming gravitational subatomic particle float or field and orbital velocity. The incoming particles no matter the rotational velocity around the black hole is insignificant to the gravitational pull towards the black hole. There is limits on the velocities related to mass and subatomic particles. Rotational velocities of matter that would compose the accretion disk, would not form, as they would have to rotate beyond the speed of light to balance the mathematical equations. This would negate the point of attraction as static.

   Incoming gravitational subatomic particles only applies a force towards the center of concentrated mass or as mankind refers to as a collapsed star. On the outgoing side gravitational subatomic particles are mainly emitted along the equator of the enhanced rotation of the collapsed star. This is the counter to the incoming flow. Yes, the radius of the inside edge of the accretion disk does vary due to oscillations of the collapsing star, but there is always a equilibrium point, between two flows that essentially have subtle differentials. You ask how? What comes in has to be expelled out. The core may shift, but it is equalization, that is the primary function with subatomic particle flow within the inner core. A breakdown of this same process would lead to a Super Nova.

   So the outgoing repulsion subatomic particles are only different from the incoming gravitational subatomic particle float in there relation of direction to or from the core. The incoming gravitational subatomic particles even though the collapse star is rotating at immense velocities, due to conservation of angular momentum. The position of the collapsed star remains static to the accretion disk. There is no torque applied to the incoming field, as position not rotation determines the point of attraction. Once inside the core, torque is applied to the gravitational subatomic particles, as they await expulsion. The torque decreases from the equator of rotation as a function of latitude at the surface, until it reaches almost zero at the poles. The exiting streams not only create a repulsive force to incoming masses, but also applies a rotational sweeping force in the direction of the spinning collapsed starís inner core. Thus driving and limiting the rotation of the accretion disk.

   So lets review some of mankindís concepts, which are related to black holes and what can we learn by eliminating contradictions with what is theoretical in astrophysics. The concept of two event horizons wrapping around to complete a sphere with a gravitation collapsing tube from two ends of the black hole. How does that work? It does not. The only way one can explain this, is to bend space around the nearby black hole to appear to have a straight line attraction to the accretion disk due to the gravitational distortion of the nearby spatial area. Would that also affect an impossible rotational velocity of the accretion disk, which now has a modified orbital path due to the spatial distortions, thus affecting the countering centrifugal force needed to avoid capture? Review it and look for modifications of the results. Lets now move on and examine the passage way that leads to the gravitational sink, the black hole, which one addresses as a wormholes.




   Wormholes is a fascinating theoretical concept in astrophysics, which scientists are truly excited about. Current theories suggest there may be a short-cut to remote part of the universe, due to folding of the universal spatial area. So lets examine the concept and then examine if the theory holds up to the laws of the universe.

   As a very young sci-fi child, I was influenced by current theoretical concepts. I too once considered wormholes as portals, but in my latter years I examined the universe from a different prospective and slowly moved forward. You have a model of an wrap around event horizon divided into hemispheres, which initiates a surface area creating a depressed funnel representing warped space. This transitions into a wormhole, which shrinks while moving towards the black hole singularity. Then exiting the black hole on the opposite side as a continuation of the wormhole, which expands outward to an opposite event horizon. This model does not explain a connection to a remote part of the universe.

   So if one just thinks a mass accelerates towards the black hole, skims the outside and avoids capture, as the mass has more momentum, than a subatomic particle moving at the velocity of light, which gets captured? The concept is wrong. The mass attempting passage will be crushed and captured into the black hole, just like the rest of the galaxy. As the black hole and its gravitational distortions are still located in a central static position. Your optics reveal no spatial distortion of stellar mass. Why is that? Lets look at how a funnel is created, as the basis of wormhole, in which a channel providing passage of matter and adheres to the same laws in the universe.

   In order to create a wormhole, there would have to be an inside pressure differential, to support a containment barrier for the wormhole and its flow of mass against the outside gravitational field. Coupled with increasing gravitational subatomic particle field pressure, which further constricts the diameter of the wormhole tube, as it approaches the singularity or black hole. The current concept of a wormhole has to be supported by a 360 degree spherical gravitational field, which is the general law for all objects in the universe, but now would have an exception to change for a black hole?

   Only an intense gravitational field could provide containment of a wormhole and also provide increased compression as the wormhole approaches the singularity. This is the same principle behind the funnel clouds which form on earth as tornadoes. With the laws of gravity, which will be covered in Astronomy 102, all matter is captured by the singularity or black hole. There is no passage to the opposite side, if so how?

   Now one concludes, the wormhole passes through the black hole singularity, as an alternate theory. The gravitational process of subatomic particles and the resultant intense field creation, is dependent upon the core of the singularity. Certain subatomic particle streams do pass through, which will be detailed later in advanced astrophysics 102, but captured matter does not in its original form. Wormholes according to current theories have pathways on the opposite sides of the accretion disk surrounding the black hole, if it exists. There are no shortcut pathways to remote parts of the universe, except through density shifting and this will be covered later in Astronomy 102.

   So lets address the possibility passage a space craft moving through a wormhole. If an object or mass is captured by a black hole, conservation of momentum through the wormhole, would allow an exit strategy from a black hole singularity through a continuous tube. But one forgets one thing, frictional resistance. Mass which is entering from the opposite side of the tube, due to an intense gravitational field wound dampen the escape velocity of any outgoing ship or mass.


Gravitational Lensing


   It is here scientists has a theory, which is partially correct, as to the principles of gravitational lensing and that the greatest affect is light passing in most cases, a black hole. Which deviates the path of light to a focal point, the theoretical point of gravitational lensing. What does not happen is a distortion of space or amplification of light waves. This effect is nothing special, as the common man, or scientist can see the same affects on earth within the observational zone of the focal points of many objects in the spatial universe. What mankind does not understand, is that gravity always bends the path of light.

   Einstein predicted this in his relativity papers, but lensing and the Einstein rings are not what one seems to think they are. Light from a universal object such as a distant galaxy or cluster will behave similar to a single source. But, there are many subatomic particle streams of light, most in somewhat parallel paths. Lets look at a snap shot in time, choose a distant light source, and its related parallel subatomic particle streams that only passes through a common radial point (a set radius from the central black hole extended in a 3600 degree scribed circle) to a gravitational sink (a mature black hole). The common radial points extend from outside of the area, where gravitational subatomic particle crowding does not deflect the light emanating from the light source to an inward path, thus captured.

   Breaking down the previous statement, there is the sourced light subatomic particle flow from the distant object, which spreads about the universal spatial area and some of its subatomic particle streams, encounters a specific area surrounding a black hole. Those zones represented by a curved line are radials. The radials expand away from the black hole in a perpendicular plane to the flow line. The flow line is an imaginary line that connects the original light source and the black hole. That same flow line would have to intersect observers on earth. So how does the gravitational subatomic particle flow from the black hole, affect the path of light sub atomic particles streams passing in parallel streams, when the gravitational subatomic particle field affects a 3600 degree spatial area surrounding the gravitational sink?

   When a series of parallel light subatomic particle streams approaches a black hole. The gravitational force moving towards the black hole, bends the path of the light subatomic particle streams in that direction. Which increases before and then decreases after when it does encounter the radial plane intersection. In a graphical form, an inverted arc parallel to and along the flow line peaks at a plane, which would intersect with the polar axis of the black hole as time progresses. The gravitational force is maximized towards the flow line, as a base measurement at the intersection on the radial plane. The progressing focal line plane and black hole axis exerted on the parallel paths of the light subatomic particles at any relative point along the focal line diminishes. The force related to the position along the arc can be found with basic differential equations, within the sphere of influence related to the gravitational field of the black hole. Of course current equations must consider a 3 dimensional plot.

   So as select group of light subatomic particles streams collectively pass through the radial (and there are almost an infinite amount of radials {a circle sharing a common radius from the black hole} extending out from the black hole), their path is increasingly bent towards the original focal line. Then as the path moves away from the gravitational sink, there is decreasing the angle of incidence, as there is a push back pressure from the slightly compressed universal spatial area and the path eventually flattens out.

   As the radius for the radial points increase, there is direct relationship to the angle of incidence to the flow line, which decreases. Thus, there would be almost an infinite amount of observational focal points along the flow line, as each radial common point moving outward from the black hole, would create a corresponding string of focal points. Einstein rings at a relative distance and angle of incidence created by the black hole along the focal line to observers along or near the flow line. So lets set up a reference list of parameters needed for gravitational lensing.

   First the a focal line which includes the light source, the gravitational sink and the observer in this example are astronomers on earth. Then set up an imaginary reference plane, that bisects the black hole and is 90o to the focal line, to where all the radials reside. The focal line is where what seems a straight line stretches from the light source through the gravitational sink then to the observer. Within the 900 plane to the focal line, there are almost an infinite amount of radial points where subatomic particle light stream pass through. This is phase one.

   Now lets address phase two in this process. I have hinted, which will be covered in detail later in astronomy 102, that gravitational subatomic particles applies a force through a mass or subatomic particle flow in the direction of the primary mass it encounters within the regional universal spatial area.

   We also know, that a gravitational force decreases or increases, as a differential function in relation to a three dimensional spatial positioning and its corresponding curved path due to incoming gravitational subatomic particles altering the path of any mass or subatomic particle during the encounter. Any secondary mass needs to consider the of angle of approach in relation to the equatorial plane or leaving the ambient gravitational field of the primary mass. Again more details are in astronomy 102 under the separate topics of gravity and repulsion. A formula that will work in all parallel universes. So gravitational pressure on the passing light subatomic particle streams due to the gravitational sink, have common points of force to where the angle of incidence from the original path is the same for all streams within the plane at the same radii.

   A unique radius from the center of the gravitational sink would all have the same angle of incidence, bent towards the focal line. So the light subatomic particles with similar angles of incidence, would form an ever increasing cone of light, as distance from the gravitational sink also increases. With many focal points along the line, this would dictate the size (thickness) of the observed ring. A shift in the view point of the observer to the left, to right, up or down about the focal line, and astronomers would observe an arc. The length of the arc also is dependent upon, the distance shifted from the focal line and the point of the observer about the 3600 degree view within the plane perpendicular to the flow line.

   There is nothing relative involving the warping of space or time involving gravitational lensing. There are many places in the universe where gravitational lensing occurs. It is only the limited optics, which prevents more examples. Now lets give an example for the common man to where gravity bends light. This example is real world.

   Why has the color of the Sun changed from what was yellow in our entire past history, now in the 90ís is now white, we will discuss this topic later in astronomy 102? But the most important part, is the transition of light related to the yellow color of the sunís spectrum, which then transmutes to a deep orange or red, as the sun approaches the horizon? Remember this reference concerns the color of the sun of the past, it is now white as a base color. A question has been raised. What if it is your eyes, which have changed over time? You can reference old movies for a standard view.

   When the sun is directly overhead, light subatomic particles are traveling towards the surface of the earth. They are parallel to the incoming gravitational subatomic particle flow, which is moving towards the inner core of the earth. This does not distort the frequency or bend the light waves emitted from the sun. It is the rotation of the earth, which changes the perspective view of the sun as an observer. As we shift from the sunĎs rays at the zenith in the sky, to where the sunĎs rays or emitted light subatomic particles are parallel to the visible horizon of earth at dusk. The sunís light rays approach along the same horizontal directional views of the setting sun as night approaches. How does this change the prospective frequency of light, as seen by the common man when the sun sets?

When the rays of our sun are at an 900 degree angle to the incoming gravitational subatomic particle stream flowing towards earthís inner core (Sun set), a force is applied to light subatomic particle streams from the earthís gravitational field. Where the frequency of visible light is bent (elongated) towards earthís surface. Though a temporary event, there is a shift towards the lower end in the spectrum, the observer sees on earth.

   Gravitational Lensing occurs due to various large flow of incoming gravitational subatomic particle floats, which bends the path and alters the frequency of light subatomic particles along its path to earth from a distant light source. This process occurs around all massive stars and black holes. The natural flow of gravitational subatomic particles bends light at varying degrees from many locations along its path to many focal points. With an almost infinite amount of stellar objects in the universe, there are many stellar and black hole masses with a focal point for observers on earth to observe a lensing effect.


The Red Shift in Stellar Light Emissions


   A red shift in the spectrum of light emitted from an observed universal object by current optics, is a basis for several of mankindís theories. These observations are relevant, to what is believed to be the beginning of our universe. Lately scientists have observed distant objects as stable references for stellar light and related them against distance by the decrease of the light source intensity. The red shift comparison to similar objects in the general spatial area with use of Cephieds of similar pulse rates and the differential in observe light intensity to gauge distance or what seems to be a reference point in the spatial universe. But the question is, why does the Hubble Constant vary? You can review Hubble Constant in the beginning of Astronomy 101.

   Recent observations by scientists to confirm the Hubble Constant, do not line up. As for distant Cephieds, which are a variable light source. Variations in stellar cores and dust does make the star a definitive source for light intensity. Although having similar pulse rates, due to stellar mass variances. The variable rates between flashes is dependent upon the light to heavy element mixture within the stellar inner core and mass containment. All Cephieds are not equal, even though some share a similar period. The emitted stellar light still varies in intensity. Hubble Constant was a guess and changed several times over the years and even today, the data remains flawed. So lets now look the Red Shift and why spectrum analysis may also provide data, which varies from what is perceived from long distance objects in the universe.

   Current theories on the Red Shift are based on objects that are further away, which are assumed to be moving away at greater velocities, due what is considered an expanding universe. What needs to be considered, is that if one is observing objects just after the Big Bang, they are expanding. Peering out in the universe today in the near field observation, where would these objects on the move be today?

   There is an inherent variance within the observed Red Shifts that astronomers have not accounted for. You need to consider the path of a subatomic particle stream related to visible light on the low end of the spectrum, is altered by gravity from light source to observer. The path of a subatomic particle light stream is altered due to gravity. In turn, the angle of deflection or incidence is directly affected by distance traveled. Thus with a deflected path subatomic particle crowding occurs, as the path of least resistance is altered. Eventually there is a push back towards the low pressure subatomic particle stream void or original line of travel.

   Now here is where relativity aspect of this deflection and return to original path occurs. The subatomic particles stream still maintains its forward velocity, which one would refer to as C. But the distance traveled along the deflected path is greater than the original stream unaffected by gravitational deflection, starting with the same point of origin.

   It is this random motion that affects the path of a subatomic particle stream related to light in what seem almost an infinite pathway, yet varies widely dependent upon the path taken from point of origin to the observer. Secondarily the object, the source of light with many deflection points maybe observed at a location in the universe, but it is just an image. The actual light source is actual at a different spatial location in this visible 3 dimensional universe. This is no different than looking at an refracted object in the water. So lets look at what changes occur during the relative pathways for the subatomic particle stream emitted from the light source.

   The relative angle of incidence directly affects the wavelength of the light subatomic particle by permanently stretching it. So when using the red shift of a potential long distance object as a primary parameter for judging distance, it will lead to an incomplete picture of the universe. As a large number of gravitational sinks along the path alters its true red shift.




Lets examine what a Pulsars is and does this lead to a neutron star, which could initiate a black hole? The pulsar is a unique star, to where the fusion process within the stellar core supports oscillation of compression and expansion creating a periodic surface energy across the whole solar sphere. The 2 primary factors affecting the inner core is gravitational containment supported by sheer stellar mass and an increased proportion of heavy elements to light elements dampening the fusion process.

   It is the large solar mass, which initiates the flow of incoming gravitational subatomic particle float, setting up the containment shell, which surrounds the inner containment core. It is this shell, in which there is a build up of energy, created by the fusion process. This containment is breached by a periodic burst. With the heavy elements slowing the fusion process, thus moderating the rate. There is a pressure buildup. Inner core expansion, then a burst, followed by inner core compression energy buildup and the cycle repeats. This is the same oscillation process one is observing, but severely muted in frequency and solar bursts, as the red giant in the Orion constellation.

   The periodic rate of the pulsar is based on, the amount of fusion energy expansion needed to breach the entire inner core shell and the rate of energy creation of the fusion process, which is shunted by the added proportion of heavy elements. With the higher proportion of ferrous elements, but less core turbulence, there still is an accompanying magnetic burst along the polar regions.

   Addressing the pulsars and when they undergoing compression, all protons and electrons become neutrons? A collapsing star cannot change the atomic structure by extreme gravitational compression. It is assumed that the atomic structure, which is under compression, could not exist with a charged protons repulsing each other within the core. So in order to make this compressed star work, all subatomic particles are neutral. This would be about the complete breakdown of the atomic structure, as there is no differentiation of nuclear components.

   Under compression the atomic structure reduces the space between atoms, they do not fuse as a neutron. Gravity can morph the atom into different elements, but can not transmute a hydrogen atom into a neutron with a loss of charge. What one does not understand is, scientists still consider the atomic structure involves, an electron spinning about a proton nucleus. But the magnetic subatomic particle streams exitís the north pole of a mass and reenters at the south. There is a disconnect and this is not how the universe works. The electron passes through the nucleus and then exhibitís a neutral charge. It is not a neutron star, but a compress star with a total neutral charge at equilibrium across all atomic structures.

   So lets address the lighthouse affect of a pulsar. If one has a neutron star, an electron stream cannot exist. If so, a charged differential could not exist within the core of the neutron star and would find it impossible, to setup a magnetic subatomic particle flow through the core of a neutron star. Then there is the path of least resistance for magnetic subatomic flow, which in almost all cases exits along the rotational axis.

   In a what one would call a neutron star, compression against the axis of rotation becomes intense. It is not like on earth the magnetic poles can wander due to intermittent subatomic particle crowding within the core. Due to internal pressures there is little variance between the axis of rotation of what seems a neutron star, to the magnetic pole alignment.

   The lighthouse affect of a pulsar has two flaws. The first is that there is a tight cone of light expansion originating from the pulsar. It would be 1200 degrees leaving two 600 degrees area of bleeding to no light emissions. Are the pulses from pulsars in optical length for one cycle 2:1:2:1? Where 1 relates to decreased light or no light. If rotation of the axis and the magnetic subatomic particle stream somewhat aligns, then rotation has no affect on the periods of pulsars. Just know a collapsing star has some traits of a black hole, including interior deflection of the path of light subatomic particle streams. With that said, an intense magnetic subatomic particle stream is not responsible for the emission of light. Subatomic particles flowing toward the neutron star would be captured before interacting with the streams exiting the poles.

   Is there a link between a pulsar undergoing gravitational oscillation compression and a black hole? Yes, if the pulsar is near the center of the galaxy and is ingested into the core black hole. No, if it is located a vast distance from the black hole. As its fuel runs out, it collapses, dims and becomes dark matter. A gravitational mass that emits no energy. Only to be captured when the galaxy on a whole collapse in preparation for a reset or local big bang (Quasar).




   Mankind has observed energy that rivals the stellar energy of galaxies emitted about the visible universe, but have not connected the dots as to its source. Quasars that one observes around in the universe, are the result of after the black hole that consumed the galaxy and the resultant has exploded. This is the source of the universal background radiation as the process of compression, capture and release of galaxies, which has existed as long as time it self, where there is no beginning or end. This is how the universe recycles and the basic remnants of life is spread about the universe in its many variations. Black hole controls the gravitational containment of galaxies and their sub clusters. It also controls form and rotation about a common point. Consider this instead of inserting dark matter to account for gravitational containment.


Creation of the Solar System


Stellar Formation


   Looking back in time to the creation of our solar system, just after the localized big bang. Organization of a lit stellar mass only occurs, after subatomic particle movement was balanced. So what does one mean by that statement? It starts as a delicate balance of a universal dense spatial hydrogen cloud, which was condensing into a solid sphere, due to loss of heat that is permeated by very large heavy element masses. The size of this potential core is dependent upon the ambient hydrogen cloud volume, density and available heavy element debris field to coalesce. There comes a tipping point, to where gravity captures a vast amount of the hydrogen cloud in the form of a solid particle mist, which accretes into a mass versus cooling of the heavy element debris core saturated by hydrogen. It is this phase that completes the outer shell of the stellar mass, until it stabilizes due gravitational containment. What has not been considered, is the internal mass of Sunís core. This is far higher than the current gravitational formulas predict. The evidence is part of ones observations. The current gravitational computations of force on the surface of the sun, would not be able to coil back a solar flare on the edge of a sphere of plasma.

   With the potential stellar mass in its primordial form Hydrogen changes from a liquid to a semi-fluid form surrounding its initial core, due to gravitational subatomic particle flow initiated by the heavy elements, compressing the outer shell towards the core. The greater the size of the outer shell, the resultant area of the inner core increases, which can invoke the fusion process. Now this is where the delicate balance comes into play. The flow of gravitational subatomic particles is dependent upon core compression and magnetic subatomic particle flow, which is an overlapping subset is dependent upon the amount of ferrous heavy elements that permeate the core.

   Secondary factors that affect stellar creation, is the ratio of heavy elements to hydrogen availability coupled with a compression zone, where fusion can take place. It is the combination of hydrogen mixed with heavy elements within the core, that controls the fusion reaction. This is the balance between compression of hydrogen and the dampening factor of the heavy elements. The primary function, the fusion rate is based on gravitational subatomic particle flow compression, which initiates the fusion process. It is the ratio of available hydrogen to the heavy elements, that determines the luminosity of the star or an unlit gravitational mass.

   It lights, due to excess energy which can not be absorbed by the stellar mass. Each stellar mass radiating with a various intensity ranging from red to blue. This is dependent on the heavier to lighter dampening mixture of the heavy elements gathered within each individual core, which controls the rate of the fusion process. Containment of the outer shell due to the strength of the incoming gravitational field and the ability of the shell to diffuse heat. Thus, it is this process, which creates a star. Too much hydrogen within the core mass with few dampeners (heavy elements), the new star would explode in a premature nova. Leaving its fractured mass to float about or to be gathered by other nearby gravitational stellar objects. On the other side to many dampeners or heavy elements the fusion process shuts down and the stellar mass does not light.


Dark Matter


   Dark Matter is an adjustment scientists use to account for the current shortfalls of mass, based on present day gravitational formulas. The current gravitational formulas do not work on Mars or the Moon. First, consider that not all stellar masses light, so they are invisible and would not show up on an infrared scan of the universe. The disconnect is that the galaxies are balanced by the black hole at their centers. Yet the current observations conclude the universe is expanding with not enough mass to contain that expansion. So there is a problem.

   If the mass needed for the current gravitational formulas falls short, unlit stellar objects may solve part of that problem and this includes black holes. But the elephant in the room is that first, the current gravitational formulas are incorrect. Coupled with the theories on Dark Matter to account for the missing mass to support observations, both statements are true.

   Mankind has not considered the fact, that some stellar objects fail to light. If the universe is expanding, what is it expanding against? You have realized that there is insufficient mass in the universe to account for the present containment and rate of expansion. Dark matter does exist, but that is not the answer for the gravitational shortfall in the current computations. What about dark energy? Energy is not dark, as it is detectable among the various instruments mankind uses to observe the known universe. When a mass releases energy it is in form that travels in a wave format that compress the spatial area of expansion. Nothing about this process is dark.


Dark Energy


   Theoretical Astrophysicists trying to comprehend how the universe is expanding after the big bang, but cannot explain the why it seems to be expanding. Then cannot account for the force needed or how the universe will contract. There is a shortfall in force needed to control this. So Dark Energy is being proposed to fill that gap without an explanation of what it is, its source and how it can be detected or measured. Facts to consider if the universe is expanding, what is it expanding against? There would be a push back against the edges, which would naturally slow expansion, if not an open spatial area was always there, due to no resistance. Which is it?

   If mankind viewed a significant part of the universe, he would come to the conclusion, that the various galaxies and galactic clusters expand and contract within their own bubble, scattered about the three dimensional spatial universe. The repulsion force on a grand scale keeps galaxies & galactic clusters apart, and the gravitational pull from galactic centers (a black hole) dictates stellar and gas cloud organization. Yes, there is a red shift due to expansion from stars, which are always moving away. Just like compression and the blue shifts have been detected, as black holes grow and reverse stellar movement. One asks this, if the universe is expanding in all directions, there should be no blue shift. As one gazes upon the universe, not one can locate a point of origin for the big bang.

   There is a balance of forces in the universe and were shown, that it is not the universe, which resets with a big bang, but a series of local galaxies, which does. During a local big bang the gravitational subatomic particle flow process that is controlled by the core of the galactic central black hole, is disrupted. Only a fractional remnant mass remains at the point of the initial local big bang. As the newly formed galaxy expands into the universe, there is a push back.

   When a cannibalistic black hole compresses the entire galactic mass to within the small area of the prime black hole, the neighboring galaxies expands into the existing void left by compressing matter. Skip ahead to the localize big bang and expansion encounters areas of the universe, which already has a galactic mass. The repulsion force still unknown to most astrophysicists, thus invokes containment and mass separation. The repulsion force will covered in great detail later in this paper under astronomy 102. With any mass in the universe, gravitational subatomic particles flow into a mass applying a pass through force in the direction to the primary massí core. The expulsion stream from the same core are in the form of a repulsion gravitational particle in the form of streams. This is how systems organize. This is the missing component to what, is referred to as dark energy.

   Computations describing the universe has shortfalls and ďDark EnergyĒ although a theory, is used to fill that little understood gap in spatial universe. Gravity and its flow in and out of a general mass is still little understood. When one applies the repulsion force in the universe, this will replace centrifugal force, which not the counter balance to gravity, but just an assist.

   Astrophysics can not explain the source of dark energy, which would need dark matter to exist. When energy is produced, there is work done. This is basic physics, unless this is another exception. The red shift which is used to base expansion is flawed, as objects further away naturally have the greatest red shift, due to the gravitational distortions applied to the path of the source light, which lengthens. The universe is stable, but portions are expanding and contracting. You have confused dark energy with the repulsion force, which pushes galactic expansion. There is no dark energy in the universe, as it would be pushing our solar system, yet one can not detect this energy, which would be greater than our back ground radiation.


Red Giants

   Red Giants are a somewhat complex stellar object, as they are part of the created stellar objects and not the final phase of a stellar object. This is where we need to take a look at creation vs. evolution of a stellar object. So lets think about what processes would occur within the inner core, as to dictate the proportion of light fusion elements to the dampening heavy elements responsible for creating the solar energy output. Also consider the mass needed for gravitational containment of a solar mass shell, which would envelops inner solar systems.

   For a Red Giant to exist, a massive inner core needs to be in place to produce the gravitational subatomic particle float containment shell for the solar mass. A solar mass with a shrinking inner core, due to a loss of mass via head and the solar wind, would not have the mass to contain an expanding solar radius. You are familiar with the fusion process, which is dependant upon compression due to mass. Contradictions start to challenge mankindís theories on the evolution of a stellar object from birth to death. As the inner core of a stellar object mutates to a higher percentage of heavy elements, this shunts the energy output of the stellar object. The normal process within the inner core, which has loss mass and a reduction of fusion output would initiate compression of the stellar mass, as oppose to an expansion not supported by gravity. Is this how one explains the emergence of a pulsar, then a neutron star may evolve into a black hole? Under the parameters and current gravitational theories, a Red Giant cannot be an end process for normal star. So how can we explain their existence?

   In the universe stellar objects can gather an immense amount of matter shortly after the localized big bang (Quasar). It is only as a large solar mass inner core shuts down, due to a heavy elements created within a large inner core under compression. This lower energy output would shift the light spectrum towards the red end and gravity would compress in a phased oscillation the solar shell, but astronomers would still see a red giant.

   Red Giants are created in the universe. Upon gathering an immense mass, couple with an inner core saturated with heavy elements, the fusion process is muted. It is the proportion of the outer shell mass in relation to a smaller inner core mass, which is the key. The energy emitted from the inner core is absorbed by the large solar mass, which has a weaker gravitational containment field. This allows the outer limits of the solar shell to expand and emitted light at or near the red end of the spectrum. A red giant does not evolve from a massive blue to the rare violet stars in the universe, as a process of inner core transmuting to a fusion process shut down. This is not a process currently theorized by scientists for average stars from creation to in death of their fusion process to then expand, thus engulfing their inner solar systems.

   The disconnect in red giant stellar radial expansion is the inner core oscillation rate needed for the density of the gravitational subatomic particle incoming float to contain the expansion of the solar mass, has to decrease in a direct relationship to allow the expansion of the red giant solar outer shell, as the fusion process shuts down. Think about this solar process. The inner core of a red giant cools, due to a build up of heavy elements from the fusion process, which we can all agree upon. Thus there is a slowing exodus of the solar mass through ejection via solar winds, subatomic particles related to the primary subatomic particle flow, that is responsible for the transfer of heat. This process would only reverse expansion, but the lower core oscillation rate, would reduce incoming gravitational subatomic particle field density. Thus allowing the surface of the red giant to expand. Subatomic particles responsible for the transfer of heat will be cover in astronomy 102.

   For a red giant to expand, there must be a corresponding reduction in the fusion process. This is dependent upon inner core compression, which is reduced coupled with the increased proportion of heavy elements within the inner core. Here lies the contradiction. Yes, gravitational containment allows the expansion of the outer shell only with the reduction of mass within the inner core. With a reduction of outbound energy, this does not back the current theories for stellar expansion into the inner solar system. With a loss of the fusion process and gravitational containment contracts at a different rate of the fusion process within a red giant, it shrinks according to current theories. End of life shuts down the fusion process, yet the affected mass is still there. This initiates compression of the solar mass, not expansion.


Binary Star Systems and Rotation about a Common Gravitational Point


   In the universe there are many binary stellar systems, as this is the common arrangement in this Milky Way Galaxy. At present, the survey from all sentient beings exploring this galaxy concludes a significant percentage of stellar mass fails to light. We will cover this next. With large number of stellar masses which are in a binary gravitational relationship with the vast majority of what left single stellar masses without a gravitational companion and the few comprising multiple stellar systems. Now that one has the numbers, lets examine a standard stellar binary system.

   The first principle in binary stellar companionship is the gravitational attraction between the two stellar masses. If they have a similarity in mass, wobble is reduced or non existent. The second principle is that they revolve an imaginary point that is dictated by the core in our case the Milky Way Galaxy. Lets review why objects revolve around a common point and what are the variances. If one examines this material in astrophysics 101 in a singular stellar system all planetary objects, their related moons and debris fields are swept about the central star of the system. This is due to the expulsion of repulsion subatomic particles expelled along the equator of the stellar mass.

   In a mutual gravitational attraction between two stellar masses, it is the ambient subatomic galactic particle flow, which determines rotation about the gravitational common point between the two masses. As to find that gravitational determinant point of neutrality, the common math formulas will work. There is an expulsion of gravitational subatomic particles expelled from the Black Hole present at the center of all galaxies, which sweeps the stellar objects, planets, moons debris and interstellar gas about the central point of gravity, the Black Hole.

   A Black Hole in its early stages of formation is not a closed system as mankind assumes. If so, it would explode shortly after formation in the universe. Does one see any pattern of a galactic explosions? Short term no, but in the long term, no one has observed a Quasar initiate only its remnant. Letís see how the process of a galaxy, that emits several variable repulsion streams from the Black Holes core spinning, affects a binary star system on its outer stellar arms, with rotation about a common gravitational point.

   There is a distinctive difference if one looks at a circle or ellipse due to outside gravitational sources of attraction based on direction of pull and distance. As a representation which includes both stellar objects and the point of rotation in the center or off, is a determinate of both two stellar objects and their differential in mass. It is here that rotation around the common is established. As gravitational subatomic streams exit the Black Hole about its equator, there is a sweeping motion in the direction of the streams determined by the rotation of the Black Hole. As one is enlightened to the process of the universe, it is revealed, this is the process behind arm formation within spiral galaxies.

   So lets break down the sweeping actions that push stellar objects, a gravitational subatomic repulsion stream exiting a revolving galactic core, about is equator. When the sweeping gravitational subatomic particle stream engages the binary stellar system, all is not what it seems. Yes, the system gets pushed forward in the direction of the flow of gravitation particles, as they pass through the masses of both binary stars, but there is another factor. There is a minute particle pressure differential affecting the outer and inner edges of the established binary stellar rotational circle or ellipse, perpendicular to the direction of binary system movement about the galactic core. The furthest point from the galactic center related to the common gravitational point of two binary masses creates a differential. Letís explain.

   In the universe, particle flow is responsible for all motion. This is currently known as a gravitational subatomic particle stream increases its distance from the ejection point, its density decreases, in this case emission from the galactic Black Hole core. As a galactic gravitational subatomic particle stream engages the Binary System, the binary rotation object closest to the galactic point of rotation vs. the far side of the orbit has a gravitational subatomic particle density flow differential. What does that mean? There is a less of a gravitational subatomic particle flow on the far end on the binary star orbital path vs. the inner edge of the orbit with a greater flow. It is this differential, which establishes a spin clockwise about the gravitational equalization of both stellar objects. This based upon if the galactic core has a counter clockwise rotation if observed from above, if reversed, (galactic core spinning clockwise) so the rotational motion of the binary system is counter.

   Rotation about a common rotational gravitational point between binary stellar objects is based upon first mass and distance tweaked by any nearby stellar masses. Distance from the galactic core is the difference, where rotation about the common point can be observed. Measured subatomic particle movement, which are on the extreme edges of the binary system orbit and the differential on the stream density. Coupled with the amount of stream pass through, all are the major factors with binary stellar rotation about a common gravitational point. Observation of a Binary stellar system rotation can only give answers if studied over a millennium with current technology.


Stellar Flares


   Stellar flares occur on most stars in the universe, yet the cause and resultant surface eruption on the surface of a stellar object is little understood. In our solar system their appearance are referred to, as solar flares that emanate from our sun. The origins of the stellar flare, which forms as a hot pocket from within the inner compression core of the active stellar object and is ejected, due to a breach of the inner core containment, as opposed to its surface. This process will be addressed. Along with what parts does a local stellar surface magnetic field and CME play during the ejection process of a stellar flare upon the surface of a star. Also why do some flares curl back to the stellar surface?

   When addressing a basis of how stellar flares are formed, letís use this solar systemís sun as an example, again just to explain the basics. Most here who are reading, should be now familiar with the fusion process and what occurs within the inner core compression zone of a stellar object. So lets refine the process, which will allow one to derive, how and why a stellar flare point of origin is within the inner core.

   Within the inner core of the our sun there is magnetic alignment, which designates the charges at the poles. There is a universal galactic magnetic field overlay cycle originating from the galactic core black hole, which affects the of the sun and all other stellar objects within the Milky Way galaxy, which goes by close to billions of other names. Coupled with the rogue random areas of the inner compression zone, which have little to no heavy elements as dampeners to the fusion process. Lets break the process down even further.

   Many scientists seem to think the sunís magnetic field flips every 11 years. Yet common sense dictates if that was to occur the earth, which aligns with the sun would also follow. It does not. So exactly what is occurring with magnetic field measurements? Scientists are reading the overall magnetic alignment of our galaxy, which does flip every 11 years. The readings strong enough to override the inner magnetic field of the sun, but not enough to flip the magnetic heavy elements within a fluid stellar mass. This is why every solar object within this galaxy, has an 11 year cycle. When the galactic field aligns north to north and south to south with our sun activity increases within the inner compression core, as the heavy elements that are magnetic begin to percolate within the core. When the galactic core (black hole) aligns south - north at the sunís north pole magnetic energy within the sunís core ebbs. With the common variable magnetic galactic intensity based on an eleven year sine wave for a reference.

   Now stellar flares occur during all parts of the eleven year cycle, but activity ramps up at or near magnetic alignment of our solar system and the overall galactic magnetic overlay field emanating from the central black hole. Lets address how the stellar flare seed forms within the inner core compression zone.

   Inner core compression area of light and heavy elements is not an uniform mixture during percolation. There are many areas within the inner core of high and low pressure while moving about each other and the axis of rotation. All groupings of heavy element trying to achieve equalization floating in a light element soup. The stellar flare seed occurs, due to a heavy element void created, when exiting an area of the inner core, during the oscillation phase initiating inner core compression. It is here the fusion light element pockets with little to no dampeners, releases vast amount of energy against a compressed core containment field or boundary.

   During the burst, there is an energy bounce back against the internal core, which forces the energy away from the central core. This provides the push needed to transverse the semi-fluid stellar mass, towards the surface with force. With a breach already about the boundary of the inner core compression zone. The fusion energy seed bursts through pushing ahead of it, in some cases a heavy element magnetic mass accompanies the flow. The high pressure elongated bubble pushes back the stable low pressure mass near the outer shell or surface of star in comparison, along a piercing pathway towards the surface of the stellar object. The total energy and velocity is the determinant of the total mass associated with the CME along with the saturation of magnetic heavy elements, which creates the long range magnetic flux. This process is the source of the CME and magnetic fields at the surface of the sun and other stellar objects.

   Yes, the sunís magnetic field does have a part in pushing charged particles away, but to think its is a magnetic subatomic field that pushes a flare away from the stellar surface and almost simultaneously attracts it back to the sunís surface defies logic. One can not eject a flare and then attract it with the same magnetic short field. Stellar flares return to the stellar surface, because they can not break the force of gravity at the surface of the stellar object. These same rules apply about the universe with minor variations.


Sun Spots


   Many have questions on how and why our Sun has anomalies (Sun Spots) on its surface that seem to peak every 11 years? Followed by, is this the norm with other stars in the universe of the same class? So letís address this.

   Little is known about what occurs within the core of a stellar object. There is a general oscillation of the outer shell inner wall compressing and expanding the inner core. Even though the gravitational subatomic particle flow for the most part is a constant and ambient magnetic field helps dictates the core refresh rate of charged gravitational subatomic particles residing within the core. The containment shell between the inner core and outer shell varies in minor secondary oscillations of the radii, as an overall function to the primary core compression and expansion.

   With the recent appearances (early 2023) of spots on the surface of the Sun, there are several factors, that come into play. We will start within the heart of the inner core of our Sun, where the fusion process is undergoing maximum compression, initiating a higher energy output. This is due to the injection of new hydrogen atoms, through complex internal flows. All stellar objects have a primary compression-expansion cycle. Our sun has an approximate 11 year cycle, based upon the universal flow of time occurring on earth.

   Within the our sun, there comes an inflection point where maximum compression upon the inner core, which is the last part of this cycle before expansion. Now new sources of hydrogen is pushed into the inner core where the fusion process occurs. This new energy which is released, causes a slow, but accelerated core expansion and there is an eventual ejection breach. Lets examine what occurs within the internal core.

   With compression of the core, the greatest density is at the center of the core. This compression also creates voids near the edge of containment. Thus initiating a flow from the central point of the inner core to the outer edge of the containment. To visualize what containment of the inner would look like, it would mimic a bubble. Where the bubble shell would represent the edge of containment.

   The rotational flow that circulates about the central point of the inner core to the outer edge and back captures some of the heavy elements. When a breach occurs the force of the stream accelerates hydrogen plasma coupled with the heavy elements that shunt the fusion reaction from within the inner core. It is the dampening heavy elements caught in repulsion gravitational streams, expelled from the internal core along the equator, only to be accentuated by rotation of the stellar object. The slow float to the surface is affected by the circular currents spinning away from the equator, similar to current wind currents about earthís equator to the north and south and the incoming gravitational subatomic particles. This is why sun spots, usually do not appear on or near the equator of the Sun, as they float to the surface and the length of the cycle.

   Sun spots are a mixture of heavy elements combined with hydrogen plasma that is dampened. Thus the dark spots as the heavy elements have shunted continue to absorb the energy as the rise through the layers of the mass of the sun. The visible reduction of surface temperature, heat and coupled with the dark surface is based on the random concentration, which approaches the surface. Thus, the irregular formation that randomly spreads temporally upon the sunís surface.

   The magnetic bursts and anomalies are due to the ferrous material, which composes the heavy elements contained within the sun spot surface distortions, until they drop back towards the inner core. This is a slow float back towards the core, as the heavy element are surrounded by an energized hydrogen plasma within the outer shell mass, which applies an outward force to the sinking heavy elements, due to up drafts. Once entering back into the inner core, a new set of forces, density affects the descent of the heavy elements back into the core, where the fusion process takes place.

   The inner core rotates faster than the outer shell, which contains the primary stellar mass. It is the frictional coefficient between the outer shell lower edge and the outer surface of the inner core, which is responsible for stellar rotation. So the heavy elements now with added torque from inner core rotation, coupled with the outward centrifugal force, which results in a slow move away from the central fusion compression zone. As they cycle back, moving from the outer areas now denser, towards the less dense inner core. Once back into the zone where the fusion process occurs, the return of the heavy elements start to slow, then inhibit the fusion process at an accelerated rate. Thus lowering core activity and its relative energy output. As a result, the inner core shrinks over time until reaching a new critical or tipping point of compression, thus initiating an increase in the fusion process. The inner core then in turn expands and the cycle starts over again.

   This is the process behind the 11 year cycle for the Sun, static for thousands of years, but the time cycle lengthens as the sunís mass shrinks over millions of years . As for other stellar objects, availability of dampening elements within the core, average core density, radii ratio of outer shell to inner core, its rotation and compression need to reverse the affect of the dampeners. They are among the many factors, which contribute to the cause or promote the absence of sun spots. So do other stellar objects in its same stellar class mimic the Sunís exact cycle? Most do, but a few vary, as some do not exactly match the parameters of our sun and the consumption of mass during the fusion process.


Stellar Core Rotation


   Now a brief synopsis of the process of how core rotation translates, to what one see as surface rotation of a stellar or planetary object. In our universe all objects and matter are always in motion, as subatomic particle streams flow to achieve equilibrium, due to pressure differentials, but never seems finds it. In stellar objects, it is the heavy elements that permeate their inner cores, which are attracted to galactic centers or black holes. This creates the rotation about the inner core, due initiating spin from movement of inner core mass towards a pressure void, on the back end of motion within the inner core.

   With conservation of momentum within the semi liquid soup of the inner core, the heavy elements within the inner core seeks equalization from the compression. Coupled with gravitational attraction to various parts of the spatial universe, there is an over shoot. Not only does the heavy element move towards a low density area, momentum carries the mass within the core. The rotation is self fulfilling, as movement is towards the low density void, which is on the back end pressure wake. The end result is the inner core rotates, due to gravitational and pressure differentials, like a dog chasing its tail. Attracted heavy elements are constantly pulled towards the galactic center or towards other masses, a larger gravitational massive sink. It is this motion that maintains the back end void. Ok, Some of are asking about, what is a back end void. As heavy element are attracted to various parts of the universal spatial area, there is a build up pressure, due to forward rotation. Thee is a differential on the back end, as the wake stretches the zone behind and density drops behind rotational movement.

   There is a mass overshoot, which only maintains internal inner core spin so far. It is the constant build up of mass moving towards the galactic center, which pushes mass to the void, where pressure differentials initiates a flow from high density pocket to a lower version. This momentum reaches a point, to where attraction begins again. This is the cycle of rotation within stellar and planetary inner cores. Now there is a behavioral difference between stellar and planetary objects, on how core rotation drives the surface of each object. We will address stellar objects first.

   A star is in a quasi solid state due to gravitational compression, as one observes a star as a solid object and not a form of plasma hydrogen gas. With that said. Lets examine its inner core under extreme compression, which has an inherent spin about its axis. The inner core drags the outer shell of stellar objects, but with the outer shell in a quasi solid liquid state, the drag coefficient from the inner core decreases from the equator to the poles. Thus rotation of a star varies from the equator to the poles or slows due to a fluid surface. It is the rotational friction between the inner and lower edge of the outer core shared surfaced area, velocity or torque of the inner core, inner core diameter, total mass of the outer shell and its radii that determines surface rotation. Planetary rotation will be covered later in astronomy 101.


Planetary Core Rotation


The Rocky Inner Planets


   The affects of inner core rotation of planetary objects shall be covered by the two primary types. Rocky planetoids solid and those covered all or in part by water or frozen dependant upon there location from a solar heat source in their planetary system. The secondary type are composed of rocky cores, but due to gravity and absence of significant heat, coupled with a dense hydrogen cloud, captures solid hydrogen pellets around those rocky planetoids and form gas giants.

   We will address rocky planetoids within a solar system first. Then there are primary factors to be considered. First, there is an established order to the type of the planetoids closest to star and extend outwards, that is basically common in the universe, as to the type of planet that revolves around the star. Starting with those which are in close proximity to the gravitational star.

   The primary affect is the intense solar heat and wind that ravages the inner planetoids. Most of the time in universe, the standard among solar systems is the closest planetoid when created, has a soft porous surface due to the solar heat on its surface. There are volcanic explosions that occur, which pot mark the surface. The point volatility subsides, the outer shell hardens. It latent heat reflects back into the planetary core, stabilized as a hot inner planetoid. Surface volcanic disturbances are due to a overall planetary distribution of solar heat and dissipation, as the surface remains stable.

   The inner planetoids on the whole, exhibit another issue. Lets look at the planet Mercury in our solar system, as an example. The planet Mercury has similar spec results with other inner planets of the same diameter in the universe that revolve close to a stellar object. Yes, there are variations to consider, such as mass, the temperature of the solar mass and the minimum mass needed to invoke the repulsion force, which enables an orbit.

   The issue with extreme inner planetoids is with stellar gravity locking core rotation and intense heat. What is meant by this statement? There is a temperature differential between the lower outer core and the inner core approaches zero. With viscosity of the lower edge of the outer rocky shell extending further from the inner core central point, thus enlarging the affects of what is the inner core. With a core radius larger due to the ambient heat of being nearby the stellar object, an increased gravitational subatomic particle flow counters the wrap around flow within the inner core. Added, a core with a vastly larger radius, rotation is a fraction of a planet, where surface temperatures are less. The ratio of mass in the inner core to that on the outer shell does decrease, but the driving force that rotates the surface due to frictional contact with the under belly of the outer shell is greatly reduced. The primary cause is that the inner planetoids, captures a fraction of hydrogen-helium and debris compared to the outer planetoids. It is the solar mass that inhibits any capture of hydrogen and also heavy elements. The inner planetoids have little within the inner core, to be attracted to the solar mass. Thus, slows the rates of rotation for inner planets. As a general reference will use our planet earth as a reference for mid distance affects, to where gravity allows rotation instead of inhibiting it.

   We have to address a second type, and why they are rocky cores. The forming stellar mass accretes the majority of the dense hydrogen cloud within the inner orbits. The intense heat without a moderating atmosphere does not allow water to form on the inner planets. One says Venus has an atmosphere, the answer is yes. Venus with its mass allows compression within the core with a lower heat differential from its outer shell. Yet the core still has a reduced heavy element saturation compared to earth. Thus we have volcanoes spewing a toxic atmosphere, which traps solar heat.

  The innermost planet where water formed first was Mars. Now one says, the Earth has water and is closer to the Sun. This is true now, but not millions of years ago. What one sees as the asteroid belt, was crowded with over a dozen water planets. Most were destroyed or bounced out of their orbit. Accounting for the debris between Jupiter and Mars. There was a written record of these events store in the library of Alexandria, but was taken and the library burned to the ground to cover the crime. Many of this planets became captured moons, which are now frozen orbiting the gas planets. Complete details on this event will be covered later in astronomy 101.

Analyzing the rotation of Earth, it is a balance of medium viscosity and ferrous heavy elements within the inner pressurized core, which is attracted to the Sun. But, the gravitational attraction allows momentum to wrap around, thus dictating spin within the core, due to distance from the Sun and temperate surface temperatures of the outer shell (your crust). Again it is the frictional contact between the earthís inner and outer core and the total mass attached to the outer core, mantle and crust, that is the determinate of time related to surface angular velocity of rotation.

   Current theories assume rotation was an inherent feature from the dawn of this solar systemís creation. Accretion of matter slows momentum of rotation, yet mass and rotation are all over the place with the three inner planets. Mercury defines logic with a smaller mass and greater pressure differential, which would have supported a faster rotation by the current laws of planetary motion.

   So lets examine the planet Mars, which is similar to Earth. Mars also has an inner core that is gravitationally attracted to the Sun. The internal composition and viscosity of the core is similar, but the heavy elements has a lesser amount of ferrous material. Thus creating a magnetic field that sputters about the planet, creating hot spots with no pattern. The process of how planetary magnetism is created within the inner core and the subsequent field is produced, will be covered later in astronomy 101.

   The affects of the Sunís gravitational pull on the inner core of Mars is far less than on Earth. Yet the same low pressure zones occur on the back end of the core away from the Sunís gravitational pull. The basis which is needed for core rotation. Gravitational subatomic particle dispersion based on distance from the Sun, will give a fair assessment on the spin created within the Martian inner core. One asks, if the core spin differential is so much less, due to particle disbursement and distance, then why is the period of rotation very similar to Earth? There is a simple explanation, the outer shell (crust, mantle and outer core) of Mars has less mass and more frictional contact with the lower shell and inner core. As a ratio inner core rotation to total mass of the outer shell is greater than on Earth allowing a similar, but slightly less period of surface rotation. Now lets address the rotational periods of Hydrogen based planets. We will examine how the inner core rotation seems to decrease the rotational periods of the Gas planets compared to the inner planets, considering their great mass.


Outer Gas Giants and Planetary Surface Banding


   Within a gas giant planet there is a rocky core that forms first. This initial mass is the basis for gravitational attraction of general dense hydrogen cloud (outside of the range of the forming sun), to gather around the rocky core. The key here in planet building is almost no ambient heat, gravitational attraction of the light hydrogen ice particles building around the rocky core. At first contact with the heated surface water is created, but that fades quickly over time. As new hydrogen particles overwhelm the surface and freezes.

   The composition of the initial hydrogen cloud was seeded with components of heavy elements that were hot, thus contained the common byproducts carbon and nitrogen, which combined to create methane and ammonia with traces of helium, which was not stripped down to hydrogen within the point of origin, the black hole. This was the source of the basic molecular structure of most of the gas planets, but varied as the hydrogen cloud dissipated along the outer edge of the solar system. The heavy elements that never coalesced now compose the current Kuiper belt. More details on the Kuiper Belt in astronomy 101.

   As the outer planets gathered mass, compression of the inner core, composed of the rocky mass occurred. With the core compression creating large amounts of heat, liquefying the inner core, but not enough to change the state of the planetary mass, which reabsorbs the excess heat. This creates a quasi semi solid state, where the surface on the gas giants such as planet Jupiter bands. The question is how and why, do these surface bands form on the gas giants?

   Before we go into explaining the rotational core dynamics, which drives the gas giants, lets look at the angular torque, that is applied to the lower surface of the primary mass. The frictional coefficient decreases as an arc function of rotation, which is maximized at the equator of inner core rotation, to almost none at the polar axis of rotation. With the surface and underlying layers semi fluid similar to the glaciers, segments of uniform density separate, as the force driving the mass decreases, as the latitude approaches the poles of rotation. The lag overcomes the frictional coefficient of the planetary mass and creates bands that have slightly different angular velocities. This why one observes circular swirls along the banding boundaries. Now lets get back to core rotation.

   Again it is the rocky core now under compression as a whole, which has liquefied. These cores are the similar in mass to the inner planets. The larger the core, the greater the potential mass of the gas giant, due to the initial gravitational field and hydrogen cloud density. This is the same process covered in the inner planets, which will be responsible for planetary rotation. The difference is a greater mass of the inner core and a higher ratio gravitational components composed of heavy elements, which are attracted to the sun.

   It is a hydrogen molecular based mass with a non interactive helium content, which composes outer shell and surrounds its now liquefied core. With compression, heat permeates a larger portion of the base rocky mass and in its molten state drives a thin rocky shell. Why the thin rocky shell as opposed to the inner planets? Normally with the mass of the hydrogen outer shell compressing what is the initial rocky mass, which has transmuted to quasi liquefied state would have been total. The difference is the liquefied hydrogen reduced the surface temperature of the outer rocky shell to solidify, as a form of equilibrium of heat between the inner core and outer shell.

   The unique feature with the gas planets is the layer of water between the inner core and the hydrogen based outer shell. Without the layer of water under compression, the heated rocky core would have a very low frictional coefficient with the outer hydrogen molecular based outer core, as they would tend to slide past each other. The water based fluid boils away from the hot surface of the inner core, adding to the rotational directional of the inner core due to expansion. A feature of water is that it seeps into the canvases and refreezes, increasing the frictional coefficient between inner core water based shell and the lower edge of the outer shell.

   The key is with inner core heavy elements of the gas giants being attracted by a weaker gravitational force with momentum, which carries it back almost to its starting point. The core matter is just pushed by crowding to complete rotation, which is secondary to the overall force created spin within an expanded core. This process in turn is what churns spin of a quasi liquid solid, which is beneath the frozen hydrogen based planetary shell. It is the enhanced frictional force between the base of the outer shell now liquefied hydrogen, due to the heat exchange and water barrier above the hard surface of the inner core, that is responsible for rotation. But there are other factors, which determine the rapid rotation of gas giants.

   The engine or rocky core is determined by available heavy element debris, which coalesces and the amount of ferrous material that would be the source or absence of a planetary magnetic field. If insufficient, this would still allow a flow of magnetic subatomic particles through the ferrous inner core. Although, what one thinks are magnetic poles, the polarity would be reversed. With the gas giants there are some affects associated with an inherent magnetic field, but total properties fall short. Auroras will still form. But a true planetary field fails to take shape. The greater the mass of the rocky core, coupled with gravitational attraction within the core, are determinants for rotational velocity of the core, which translates to the planetary rotational period. Lets address the primary factors that affect rotation.

   First, the amount of spherical surface area of inner core drivers coupled with the frictional coefficient, which comes in contact with the lower side of the outer shell and the total mass that needs to rotate. The ratio of mass of the inner core driving rotation to the mass outer shell, which has lower outer shell density within the gas giants. Thus the reason behind the rapid rotation. If one adds mass to an object with an inherent rotation at the point of creation, the larger masses would revolve slower than the less massive inner planets, but that is not the case in the solar system based on the conservation of momentum theories.


Water Planets


   In our universal plane or density it is the water planets that harbor the most exotic life forms in the universe. Complex variations, which are completely foreign to our earthly environment, as they adapt ambient solar radiation, gravitational pull, water salinity, density, temperature, coupled with duration and intensity of light is just the start. Are there tidal pulls from nearby gravitational objects? All of these primary factors come into play. Life is seeded and then is allowed to mutate, adjust, evolve to the unique conditions present on the various forms of water planets.

   There are many variations of water planets and on the extreme other side desert worlds, which we will cover next. What about the gas giants could they harbor life? No life that is sentient or even microbial would develop or thrive on a gas giant, temperatures would inhibit the development of organic molecules, along with reduced sunlight, which would either not form or shortly go dormant. One may ask the process and key factors, which are related to the formation of water planets?

   You were given a few aspects of water planet creation under inner planets with a tailored focus on Earth covered shortly in the upcoming, ďOrigin of present Earthís Waterď. After a local big bang, the distribution of light and heavy elements dispersed unevenly based upon pressure in the local universal spatial area. So what is meant by pressure in what seems the vacuum of space? There is an equalization of clumps of heavy and light elements caught in a gravitational dance, while spreading and exiting point of origin of the local big bang. Some scientists have observed wobble in subatomic particles. Although what they recently observed was not a pure subatomic particle stream, but a clump of particles, which accounted for the extreme mass. The wobble is not a new force, but a basic function of particle movement moving from a dense area to a lighter, until pressure builds and thus reverses. This is the process behind subatomic particle movement in a wave format. This is the cause of the observed subatomic particle wobble. Inside the nucleus, just like the universe there are pressure variances. The universe behaves in the same manner from the galaxies to stellar systems down to the nucleus, it is consistent.

   So lets focus in on the dynamics of a expanding clump of heavy elements and the vast hydrogen helium clouds gravitationally attracted, thus the basic format to start a solar system. Then we can focus on a particular range within that clump, the initiation of a singular to duel star systems and the process of the formation of water planets. The process is the same with singular or duel systems, but the circular orbits within the region where water can exist in a liquid form changes with a duel stellar system. The planetary orbits are stretched or elongated in the direction of the binary starís gravitational source lit or unlit. This is a determinate factor at the extreme ends of the orbital zone where water planets can exist. On the inner edge water evaporates and is dispersed by the solar wind. On the outer edge water planets transform into frozen worlds. So if this is a format, and our system does show elongated orbits, how is Mars a desert planet with many signs of past surface water and Earth a water planet, great question? The process of water formation will be covered shortly in, ďOrigin of present Earthís WaterĒ.


Desert Planets


   Letís address how a desert planet forms in a general galactic solar system and the inherent variations due to the stellar composition of the primary star. We can start with the basics. A desert planet when created morphs into one with little to some water on its surface in the form of ice or some rivers or small lakes or oceans, but why?

   During the creation of a solar systems through out all galaxies in this universe, the solar object creates a void in the hydrogen cloud, due to self absorption and star creation. This dissipates, as a function of gravitational field intensity attraction and decreases, due to distance from the original stellar gravitational source, coupled with solar wind and heat output. So letís examine these determinants.

   So lets look at a base measurement for planetary attraction, as each system has its own set of parameters. As it this process, which sets up planetary orbits. Gravitation field saturation or intensity, which one calls attraction, is based on the average incoming gravitational subatomic particle flow, which is responsible for field density at the surface of the solar mass. The solar heat output is the next determinant, which varies among solar objects and sets in place the variable zone, where surface and sub surface life on a planet can exist. With the inner and outer edges of the habitable zone now established, as a balance between the incoming gravitational field and the repulsion force emitted along the equator of the central stellar object in a single system. As a minor factor, the outward centrifugal force due to orbital velocity, coupled with solar heat energy absorbed by the planetĎs surface and the heat reflectivity of its atmosphere. With that said, we can determine, that most desert planets will form on or along the inner edge of the habitable zone. Life forms will adapt.

   It is here that hydrogen is available to combine with oxygen sparked by lightning, as a volatile atmosphere builds. Water does fall upon the planetary surface, but not in vast quantities that the outer frozen and water planets forming have deeper into the habitable zone and more extensive once past the outer edge, where the gas planets form. As the molten planetary surfaces cool, due to rain created by oxygen combing with hydrogen, most of the water in a limited supply sinks below the surface or freezes at the polar caps. Life will exist when an atmosphere is present, but it will be below the surface, which will hold lifeís secrets.


Hycean Worlds: Mankindís Theories as a Comparison


   As this paper was written, NASA has released paper that life may exist on a planet they call K2-18 b in Sept. 2023, which is before our release. The atmosphere was analyzed by an advance spectrometer, but measured large amounts of hydrogen. Brilliant boys as the readings are flooded by the star and other light sources. Many instruments do not have the refinement, to isolate readings from a single star, even worse a planet without bleeding from other light sources. Inside the zone where the heat emanating from the central star allows a planet to have water. The atmosphere is suppose to be hydrogen. As a side note why would a planetary object form so close to the stellar object? Also what is up with those short orbital periods? Current gravitational formulas are off. They do not work in other parts of the universe. So lets examine mankindís theories on this planet.

   A primordial hydrogen cloud at the inception of the creation of a solar system is a necessary prerequisite for the creation of a water planet. But the scientist responsible for the paper did not consider the hydrogen if not used up for the creation of water, would reside on the extreme edges of the exo-planetís atmosphere. The solar wind is now a factor of loss. Letís consider some parameters affecting the exo-planet, if it had a hydrogen atmosphere.

   Planetary atmospheres when heated by a stellar object create differentials, which cause atmospheric motion. This movement on a planetary level is constant through out the universe. This where the flaw in the current theory of a hydrogen atmosphere comes into play. So letís give some details to allow some thought.

   With that knowledge, hydrogen molecules are on the move and the electron subatomic particle streams are striped and charges build. Creating a highly charged volatile atmosphere, which can and will spark hydrogen explosions. The resultant water vapor would also present as the heated oceans evaporate then condense as rain. Upon falling hydrogen would dissolve in the rain poisoning most if not all life contained in the shallow oceans. One asks, how do I know most exo-planets have shallow oceans?

   Almost all planets and moons created including exo-types have relatively smooth surfaces, although are impacted by meteors an ordinary space debris. Mountains and sometimes ranges are due to volcanic flow. Earth has deep oceans, only due to the impact from its moon. Couple with tectonic movement triggered by periodic earth wobble, thus causing separation of the fractured plated raised on the opposite side of impact. This is not the norm in the universe.

The concept of a water planet is true, but a hydrogen atmosphere would only occur at or near birth of the exo-planet. As the hydrogen would quickly be converted to more water, due to volatility or sweep away in the solar wind. Other gases would take the place hydrogen. Again as the water molecules breakdown naturally over time, the hydrogen would escape leaving trace amounts in the atmosphere and the oceans would be permeated with oxygen promoting the flourishing of life.


Marís Ice Caps


   The examination of the surface of Mars by earthís probes has all the earmarks, that many rivers of water once flowed upon the surface of Mars. Its atmosphere is far denser and has a higher oxygen content, than scientists lead one to believe. The probe helicopters would not be able to operate in the hover mode of flight in a very thin atmosphere. What they do not tell anyone, is that the overall whole atmosphere is thin, but near the surface of a mile or so atmospheric density is capable of supporting life. There are clouds visible in Marís atmosphere, backed by probe pictures released by NASA. The ice caps on Mars reveal an ancient past, where there was an abundance of water and now sub-surface instruments are detecting vast amounts of water under the surface. So exactly what do these clues reveal?

   Presently one has seen a scientific rush, to examine the poles of the Moon for water, as there are plans for permanent bases in the works by some countries on earth. Would there also be plans for a Mars colonization base? Yet this same experiment was not part of the Mars publicly known project for probes. What would the discovery of an ice cap with a large surface coverage that is miles deep? This may reveal to the general public, backed by core samples returned to earth, that life indeed and to some degree today exists on Mars.

   Some probes and missions are classified, which went to Mars. The primary mission was to explore the pyramids found at Cydonia for left over alien technology. They found nothing but interior infrastructure abandoned, many millennia ago similar to the interior of the pyramids of Egypt, but of a more ancient design. The current images of Cydonia released to the general public are doctored. The resolution was blurred by design, to create an element of doubt. Just like the images coming from US military aircraft designed to pick out fine details of enemy aircraft, but when encountering something unknown, the image is blurred when presented to the general public. Just look at the old camera footage from World War 2 and the Korean War aircraft cameras for a comparison. They brought back dust from an asteroid with building blocks of life, but Mars with visible water? Nothing to see here or so they say.

   The Mars ice caps was deposited at the poles via precipitation over vast amounts of time, so how can that occur without an atmosphere? Precipitation had to occur over major sections of the planet as shown by the discovery of old river beds, which had to be recent in time as surface dust storms have not weathered them away. What final clue can be presented, which states, all is not what it seems?

   The iron oxide dust that has covered the surface of Mars and is presently covering certain areas of the earthís surface today, yet is absent from the polar caps, which tells one precipitation is still active on Mars. Added NASA is about the ax the project to bring back samples from Mars to be examined by public labs. The project will be cancelled, due to lack of funding by design.


Origin of present Earthís Water


   Ancient Egyptian (Anunnaki transferred knowledge) documents that were stored in the Library of Alexandria, was removed under the cover of arson by the Romans. What was revealed in those historical records, detailed a time where present day Earth was in the form of a larger water planet, which resided in what is now the asteroid belt. A collision with a rogue moon knocked it into its present orbit with great loss of mass and surface water. The orbital distance was much closer to the sun, due to the collision. With the moon captured, the repulsion force pushed back in an oscillating motion, the orbital distance from the sun over millions of years. This was the cause of the transition to dominate reptilian to mammal life forms. A loss of light decrease the photosynthesis bio mass and heat activating large reptiles. It is quietly known, as forbidden history, but not spoken about. Except within a small group of elites, which has controlled the world financial markets and the Federal Reserve. One needs to dig deep to reveal the past. So much is at stake, if one examines the clues, which have been given, many have been over looked.

   During the inception of our solar system, what was the primordial earth, many times more massive than present day planetary mass. Its hot surface and supply of surface oxygen, gravitationally attracted the dense frozen hydrogen crystalline particle cloud inside of Jupiter orbit and reacted. Water formed over what was somewhat almost level planetary geology, thus flooding the surface with shallow to deep seas. The volatile hydrogen cloud interacted with a hot surface and random lightning combining with oxygen creating an atmospheric flooding event, which changed the planet. The cooling created the planetary crust and dissolved nitrogen and oxygen leached out of seas creating an atmosphere, thus moderating it temperatures. One says how can that be, as we know the asteroid belt would have harbored frozen planets?

   Hundreds of million years ago our sun was much more massive and had a greater repulsion force pushing out the planetary orbits of this solar system, than what one sees today. The planets that resided in the asteroid belt was crowded, but the distance between Jupiter and Mars has since been greatly reduced. The sun had a greater repulsion subatomic particle streams and heat output, also had a greater luminosity. This is how many of the water planets existed, in what is now an asteroid belt. So what happened? It is addressed next in Origin of Earthís Solar Orbit.


Origin of Earthís Solar Orbit


   The proto Earth, which had a mass 4 times lager than present day earth, was originally located outside of MarĎs orbit. It was hit by its present day moon, which was trailing a planetary object. During a period over several million years in the past, the rogue planetary object at regular intervals passes through an ever decreasing zone inside of the orbit of Jupiter towards the sun. But as the mass of the sun is reduced over time along with its repulsion force, the orbital pass through of the rogue object has moved inward.

   Our moon was part was of group of trailing moons, which passed through, what is now the asteroid belt. The impact blew out most of the mass of the proto earth from the backside. The present day earth with its reduced mass was accelerated on a clockwise inward orbital path, counter to the repulsion force responsible for sweeping all orbits within the solar system. But, the exiting mass gave a push back towards the moon, which imitated the collision, but never occurred. Both the new earth and the moon captured by its gravity was pushed into an inner orbit. Closer to the sun than its past orbit and now with the repulsion subatomic particle push back, settles in its current orbit. Additional information on reptilian life forms will be covered shortly in the Rise and Fall of the Dinosaurs.

The impact created a deep ocean where the water settled, into what was the Moon crater. Deep cracks which expanded, due to heat, which are now the trenches. The deformity in the crust rises up on the opposite side of impact, fractured (fault) lines about what one calls Pangaea, solidified on the far side of the globe. As one looks at the features of the Moon, there are great seas scattered about its surface. They are not present in the same numbers on the dark side. The answer is simple. The side we see, was melted with the impact and solidified smooth except for impacts after the event. Also this is the source on the shared surface matter with earth. So we see the same side of the Moon, which does not rotate. If it did, we would see the dark side and its mountainous terrain. As its surface popped, just like the far side of the impact zone of the earth. The continental drift is assisted by addition pass through of Nibiru, which causes earth wobble until the oceans and the continents equalize. The vaporized water scoured and cooled the surface creating the inland lakes and rivers. One asks where is the proof the moon hit earth?

   The Indian spacecraft that landed at the south pole on the moon in late August 2023, was allowed to educate mankind as to its past. Will India reveal the truth, I doubt it presently, we will see in the future closer to the release date of this paper. Update the Indian rover failed, as its batteries froze. If water was carried back to earth for analysis, they would find the moon did a bounce back from earth impact and was gravitationally captured. The water at the poles froze quickly about its surface. As most was vaporize as the surface cooled leaving vast beds of salt just under the moon surface dust. It is traces of once was salt water that, they will discover, which formed at the poles of the Moon. The surfaces of the dark side and the side we see, both face the sun at some point of the orbit and all surface water was vaporized. Gravity did not allow an atmosphere to form due to low mass and lack of rotation to moderate surface temperatures.


The Creation of Mountains, Hills, Valleys, Lakes, and Oceans on Planetary or Moon Objects


   In this galaxy the earth, despite being a polluted world, is one of its crown jewels. One asks, why does one say this? Most habitable worlds within in the goldilocks zone of stellar objects, are completely covered by either some combination of ice or water. Land to water ratios are far smaller than the 25%, that earth has or to the other extreme, a basic desert planet, (more details under desert planets in astronomy 101). Like Mars with the many surface rivers the planet once had, now gone due to a catastrophic changes in the recent past in the terms of a geological timeline.

   Many planets and water covered moons in the habitable zone that do contain life in many forms, has basically a somewhat flat geological topography. With random elevated areas raised, due to crust crowding during planetary formation and the land mass pops (series of hills or small mountains) or volcanic flows. Vast tectonic plate movements on planetary objects similar to earthís crust are rare in the universe.

   The earth as an example has vast areas of mountains, lakes and valleys. This is uncommon in our spatial universe. Those areas that have active volcanic vents, do create volcanic peaks on land or below a shallow ocean surface. But for the most part are minor on most planets and moons. This would be the source of land masses on so called water planets. The explanation on how a mountain forms from an active volcano is already in the science books, as that process is common place through out the universe. Now lets consider how a semi fluid surface of a soon to be planetary crust after the cooling process, creates mountains and hills first. Then we will cover valleys and crevasses on newly formed planets. Finally add water into the equation and its affects on surfaces, due to erosion on proto-planetary surfaces.

   During the early formation of planetary and moon objects about a proto stellar object, there is a coalescing rocky seed (debris), which sets up a gravitational field within the dense hydrogen-helium clouds, which were ejected and dispersed from the local big bang for galaxy formation. What mankind has to realize, is the emerging clouds from the local big bang, contain light gas elements in conjunction with heavy element particulates. This is the initial or seed gravitational source of all objects, which form in the universe.

   Inside the proto cloud that births stars, planets, moons and other irregular debris, there is a somewhat static relationship between all forming objects. In most cases, which there is what would be called a random static float of gravitational objects, which has an established pecking order with positioning with the closest stellar mass. Positioning within the cloud with what is left of the proto birthing gas cloud, allows varied amounts of mass to be added to the resident objects, dependent upon available cloud density. It is only when, the central stellar mass inner core starts to rotate, does the orbital format of a solar system comes into play.

   Currently scientists have theories, proposing the gases around a proto stellar object not yet formed, would flatten into a disk. So our sun has the smallest diameter since its formation, due to loss of mass during the fusion process, creation of the solar wind, energy production, and with conservation of momentum. Its present rotation, which has increased, is a derivative of that shrinkage of radius. Yet one thinks, the present gravity of the sun if one extrapolates backwards in time, reduce rotational spin would flatten an active gaseous cloud? There are no visible traces of proto gas cloud disks in the universe. Nor would there be an orbital ring that clumps, as matter moves away from dense spatial areas unless trapped in a gravitational field. Now lets examine planetary surface formation.

   As a planetary object forms due to gravitational attraction from the primary seed, absorption of spatial matter released from the black hole, is not homogenous in nature. There are a random clumps that are attracted, by gravitational attraction with a resultant accumulation. As the increase in mass for planetary formation slows, surface temperatures fall and the cooling process begins. There are areas scattered about the surface of the newly formed planet, that are more dense than others. In conjunction, it is hot and semi-fluid with rocky planet creation and also semi-fluid with the gas planets.

   An equalization process begins, as the crust still hot expands, as the object morphs into a sphere. Gravity pulls from the central inner core equally about the surface. The less dense areas of the planetary crust start push against the more dense areas and are forced under. The process allows yielding and to relieve the pressure of an expanding crust, which is still hot and cooling to a certain degree. Thus allows the crust to pop up relieving compression, as rolling rumples along the surface crust. With this mild surface expansion, the pressure creates what would be considered hills. At the other extreme end rapid expansion and a less dense grouping on the surface would be the basis for mountain building.

   As the planetary surface cools either naturally or sculpted by rain water created by the hydrogen that was trapped below the surface. Now leaching out and combining with the available oxygen and due to hot surfaces or sparked by lightning from atmospheric turmoil, creates two different scenarios for the newly formed planetary surfaces. One that is dry primarily and the other that creates a flow pattern of water upon high surfaces, which settles in an ocean basin. Lets now address both.

   During the vast torrential rains which proceed the creation phase of the proto planet there is a limit. This is dependent upon the availability of hydrogen, still gravitationally attracted or trapped beneath the surface mass. The dry planet is usually a product constant cycles of moderate rain, hot surface, moderate rain. It is this cycle of cool, heat up, cool, which breaks up the crust. As the cooling process cracks the surface rocks and crust, water seeps in and heats up, the water expands rapidly. With added pressure, the rock breaks down and it cracks again. This process creates a permeable crust, in which the water accumulates primarily below the surface. Thus desert planets, which will support life, as water in the aquifers are liquid.

   When the supply of water created increases on a proto planet, the water rises above the thin permeable surface and pools, as shallow seas in the depressions with flow patterns assisted by gravity linked to valleys in higher elevations. A natural declining slope develops, as land upheavals decrease with distance from high density areas of newly formed crust.

   In another alternative, there is massive amounts of rain. Resulting in all land being flooded and deep oceans abound. If there is no let up in what as seen as extreme surface rain precipitation, the crust hardens with no permeability. A water planet is created and the only variable is how deep is the ocean.

   As the planetary surface cools naturally, the hills and mountains that did pop up now stabilizes and the surface crust begins to contract as it hardens. Weak points creating basins, valleys or depressions, where the crust is thin such as surrounding the poles. One may ask, why is the crust, stretched about the planetary poles and why is this important? This is a variable in planetary formation, as it is dependent upon planetary rotation about its axis. The thickness of the planetary crust is directly dependent rotational velocity about the planetary axis. It is here that centrifugal force stretches or thins out the crust about the poles during planetary formation or reformation, as in earthĎs case. In almost all occurrences, the crust thins to a degree to where the edges of that plate, which has thinned in comparison to the surrounding crust, loses support along its edges and falls. Thus a dimple depression is created. A spot where an ocean can form or a natural place for ice and snow to gather.

   When mountains and hills form about a planetary surface, there are peak points to where pressure forces the highest elevation and this pressure is relieved as one moves away. This is where a naturally gradient has been created, as a by product of decreasing up heaving on the planetary surface. The rest of the planet develops, surface cracks, crevasses, and with limited stretching, valleys some associated with rivers. Lakes are created, when crust is stretched to the point pockets or voids form under the surface. This results in the surface soil collapsing as the edges around the exterior loses support. It is when depression falls below the water line, are lakes created. Lets dig deeper into these topics.

   With tectonic plates stretching due to the contraction (cooling) of the plate, usually valleys and crevasses are created in the gaps. This is where the topography of the land, starts a decreasing gradient away from the high pressure buildup area of mountain and hill creation. The land between the mountains or hills start to lose support along the edges when stretched and voids open up underneath, due to crust expansion and the land above falls.

   Where the gradient of the land continues to fall faster than the water table, streams and rivers are created. Almost all lakes created on earth, were due the stretching of the earthís crust. When losing support, the land drops especially in river valleys, but if the land rises downstream thus trapping the water, and a deep water lake develops. Other lakes are created as depressions, which form in the stretch zones of tectonic plates creating pothole lakes. Many are on display especially in parts of Canada and others in somewhat flat regions of America. Glacier carving are only responsible for a very small numbers of lakes on the earthís surface. As very few have moraines.

   As for weathering smoothing the edges or erosion, this is dependant upon how developed the planetary atmosphere, has progressed (water carrying capacity). Wind velocities on proto planets are based upon surface temperature and atmospheric pressure differentials, rate of change per unit of distance, as it rotates. On a dry planet the surface tends to heat somewhat uniform, as opposed to a planet which is tempered with vast numbers of bodies of water. Yes, there are some dust storms, but they are limited with wind velocities subdued. They do not have the same affects of erosion on the planetary surface like water. So lets address a planet that has water covering over 90% of the planetary surface.

   During planetary formation where the combination of hydrogen and oxygen occurs, there are violent planetary surface reactions as the two element combine. Alternating periods of heat then temperature suppression, due to the evaporation of water falling upon its surface in selected areas. On planetary proto types where hills and mountains have built, the rapid cooling of the surface create valleys and gap separations, where what would be considered the edges of a small platelets falls and water gathers. This is how shallow seas, would form on water planets in the universe. One asks why is the earth slightly different, as we have tectonic plates on the move? Good question. Lets address this.

   The earth is unique in the Milky Way galactic system. An original water planet 4 times as massive as our present earth teaming with oceanic life, when hit hundreds of millions years ago by a trailing rogue moon passing through in its original location, of what is now the asteroid belt. What was left of the original mass, made an impact depression on one side and reformed as planetary sphere with the back side, cracked from pole to pole. Fractures permeated the crust, as the pressure of the impact creating backside rifts within the tectonic plates, which fused as one plate, when pushed to the surface. What was key to the rift, were the heavy elements forced from the earthís inner core to the surface, cooled and permeated the edges of the rift. To this day scientists refers to it, as the Atlantic rift with a highly magnetized seam. This is why heavy elements like gold, tungsten and uranium are scattered about and within the surface, instead of sinking deep into the mantle or lower crust during or still residing in the inner core since creation.

   It is the movement of plate tectonics where the continents seek equalization. Equalization of the tectonic plates is where the pressure that abuts the tectonic plates, are basically equal on both edges of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, which means near parity related to ocean width. The continental drift will not be a slow progression as predicted by geologists, but a series of violent upheavals. In the case of the earth, there is an periodic outside influence, which accelerates tectonic movement every 3600 years approximately. Increased earth wobble is the sign that the time is near. It is here that tectonic plate movement does shift quickly, but there are great climatic changes to the masses on the surface of the earth preceding these events. When over, some changes, but not all leading to extinctions of plants and animals or a rebirth. Your scientists have studied the land and found sea beds in deserts and cities underwater. This not by accident and is the current condition on earth.


The Non Rotation of the Moon


   Current theories of rotation of an object states, a sphere or object has to spin about its axis. The established point of reference on its surface has to revolve once back to its original point of origin, outside of its orbital path or forward direction the axis takes. So how does the Moon completes one rotation about its axis to one orbit around the Earth? This is the current theory. Lets examine this theory.

   What we see by observation is closest point on the Moon to Earth is almost always 900 from the line defining its orbital path around the Earth. The axis of the Moon riding a gravitational induced curved path of its orbit and the closest point does not change its orientation to its orbital path. For the Moon to rotate, the closest point, now a reference point on its surface, it would have to cross the orbital path twice as it revolves around its axis.

   The axis of the moon does change direction in the universal spatial area, due to its curved gravitational orbital path. But, the same imaginary point on the 3600 degree axis of the moon always faces the axis of the Earth. Thus, the face of the Moon we see with our own eyes never changes. For scientists there is a quagmire as there is a different explanation for Pluto and Charon orbital relationship as the same face is seen from only half of Pluto, because of a synchronous rotation. We will address this now greater detail.

   If one examines what scientists call as synchronous rotation between Pluto and its moon Charon seems orbit Pluto over the same spot, while rotating about their axis, what are the chances? None, what astronomers are observing is a binary orbit of Pluto and Charon with the focal point, which is very close to Pluto. There is a slight wobble, but neither Pluto or Charon rotate about their axis. This how they always face each other and Charon is over the same point. Here is a simple task for proof. Get a foot long stick and connect a large pith ball on one end (represents Pluto) and a very small pith ball (represents Charon) on the other end. Set up a rotating vertical spindle attach it to the stick with a movable needle nose clamp and move it very close to the large pith. Spin it. Both objects do face each other, the small pith aligns over one spot and neither pith rotates about its axis. If there was rotation of the piths, the stick end would have contact with 3600 degrees of the surface of the pith for rotation about its axis, but it does not. It holds a static position.

   So, one can conclude by this observation as the Moon orbitís the Earth along that curved path due to gravity, there is an absence of rotation about the axis of the Moon. Now I ask, does the moon rotate once about its axis? If one concludes the same result I have, one will need to modify )the theory. Definition: Rotation of a planetary or stellar objects and all the universal variants is a function of a set point on the surface of a mass in a static position or moving along a curved or straight path to where rotation on its axis about that position, relative to the varied path or static position completes at least one revolution. So the set surface point would have to cross a moving orbital path twice, to return to point of origin.

   Now we can break down this definition for the layman. Lets change the path only of the Earth and the Moon from a curved path for both to 2 parallel paths, but allow rotation about the axis of both objects to simplify the view. So the Earth no longer traveling along a gravitational enhanced curved path. Look at it like a differential equation for the nerds (for the layman it is just a straight line) where it would capture the essence of a straight line.

   As we travel along that straight line I want one to visualize the Earth rotating about that line so that all areas of earth observe the Moon traveling along the same parallel path 240,000 miles away. So with the Moon traveling the same straight parallel path at the same distance from Earth, what motion needs to occur about the moonís axis of rotation for the same face of the Moon to be observed from Earth? The answer is none.


The Asteroid Belt


   The ancients here on Earth, had knowledge of this solar system and its past. How could this be? Complex calculations without the presence of advanced math and observation equipment, they may have had help. Many may of heard the rumors giants, which roamed the Earth in folklore. The city of Atlantis, a being with a ground speed that can out run all natives, Mercury. As his planetary origin has a much stronger gravitational field than Earth. How fast could a sprinter run on the Moon if it had a similar atmosphere? The cities of Alexandria, Rome, Athens and Cairo are left with their remnant secrets. But some refuse to admit, what seems to be impossible and that is fine for now. The pyramids had high water marks, which predate construction estimates by tens of thousands of years. Precision cut stones weighing tens of tons dragged up ramps of loose sand foundations. Where would they get the wood needed for ramp construction and the incline angle of the ramp to allow movement up, would need great distances. Parts of the pyramids were constructed with granite, on the Mohs scale has a hardness of 7 and copper tools 3. How does that work? It doesnít.

   A rocky core primarily water planet close in diameter to the planet Uranus, but has much larger mass formed outside of this solar system and orbits within our binary star system. The voyager probe was sent for this reason and has picked up the gravitational source tugging on the orbital paths of our planets, but still registers no infrared signature. This is baffling the black project scientists.

   They can not comprehend, how a stellar mass does not light with inner core compression, which can invoke the fusion process. Trapped, the planet dithered between the gravitational sinks our sun and the unlit one. What one needs to understand is that, the planet approaches either stellar object at a fractional velocity of the speed light. Yet there is no time dilation for its inhabitants during the passage. Particle movement at the established speed of light, but it is the universal medium that dictates velocity. So time is different for particles moving at the speed of light versus mass in a static position? Think about what is published as theories?

   Now this same object pierces our solar system periodically. Because of the repulsion force emanating from Jupiter and our sun, this interloper was forced to penetrate a crowded field of water planets, that did reside between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars. The only evidence is the debris field, of what was once there. So much for the collision theory, which is responsible for planetary creation, is presently a field of debris.

   The periodic passage was catastrophic. Once disturbed by the passage, some planets or moons were knocked out their orbits only to captured by the outlying gas giants as moons. Some of these planets now displaced moons, did harbor life 10 of millions of years ago within their liquid oceans. Now with the surface frozen evidence lies deep, as internal inner core heat keeps a layer near the sea bed at 39 degrees. This is why NASA has an interest in the moons of the outer planets. As fissures created from impacts allow magma to flow into the seabed heating the deep oceans, as the apparent surface ice which is thinner than scientists predict, which supports an entire ecosystem of primordial basic life forms.

   The lack of sunlight, nutrients inhibit and caps natural growth. This is why NASA, is now exploring the frozen oceans tops of the moons, which have been captured by Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus. It is gravitational compression of the inner cores, that is sparking the creation of heat, not the random gravitational tidal affects, which have a marginal effect upon the inner core and its internal processes.

   The impacts cascaded destroying all, leaving Mars as the sole survivor within the same orbital location. Others were pulverized into the asteroids hard element debris field and comets we see today.


Origin of the Comets and the Oort Cloud


   With the destruction of the many water planets, that once resided in the Asteroid Belt, which was just covered, led to the creation of large comets. Today large comets are rare, as they are very long orbital periods and have not been recorded after the invention of the telescope. With large volumes of water and fragmented internal debris, heat from the collisions fused the heads of the what is to become comet. So lets examine the details behind the formation and orbital behavior of a comet.

   When a water planet is hit directly by a trailing moon, large chunks of debris somewhat fuse around and within large pockets of water. Gravity from mass after the collision, morphs the shape elongating the trailing water and the orbital fragment freezes shortly there after. As the ice and internal heavy elements travels out towards the Oort Cloud. The sunís gravity slows the mass, which then it dithers in an almost static position for a period of time. This is dependent upon the distance from the sun and original comet momentum inherited from the collision. With the return of a comet to the inner solar system, different orbital tracks vary, due to the repulsion force of the gas planets, the comet may encounter during the return orbit. Exposure to the sun will erode the side, which it always faces first. When the comet was initially created, the tails were immense after reentering the inner solar system. Where the heat of the sun during passage vaporized large amounts of water off of the face.

   Over time the face of most comets is composed of heavy elements, as all ice has evaporated. It is the back side of the comet, which still has vast amounts of ice. When the comet passes through the inner solar system, the comet face heats up, as the ice on the back side is hidden from the sunís rays. The ice on the backside transmutes to its liquid form through heat conduction of the solid mass, thus seeps into the cracks and migrates to the center of heavy element face. Upon approach, there is an increase of heat on the face of the comet from the sun. The internal liquid water boils and out gases through the pores and cracks on the comet face. The vapor and dust combination is swept away by the solar wind into a tail. This is why the tail always points away from the sun, counter to the direction and orbital velocity traveled.

   With evaporation there is a pressure void created in the inner portion of the comet head, thus drawing more water from the backside ice, which is being warmed then refrozen. Once out of the inner solar system, the comet once again gathers small particulates of free floating ice and debris that was scattered away from the main comet during creation by gravity. This process will continue, until all the backside ice is loss to the solar wind and the comet then becomes an asteroid.

   The impact distance of trailing moon off the center of the target water planet determines the orbital angle off the reference sunís ecliptic plane. The mass and velocity of the trailing moon provides the accelerated pop (comet orbital velocity) from partial debris ejected, from what was the water planet. Because of the orbital ejection velocity of the icy and heavy element mass, the repulsion force (covered in detail in astronomy 102) does not have the passage of time or the force, to widen the orbital path. So how can we determine comets originated from the asteroid belt, as opposed to being bumped from the Oort Cloud? Lets address this question.

   The objects within the Oort Cloud are revolving around the sun in an extreme orbit, balanced by incoming gravitational attraction and centrifugal force initialized by orbital velocity, as one says. If not, the objects over billions of years would have either floated out or been captured by the sun, according to the current rules the gravity, which govern this solar system. All objects rotating outside of the orbit of Pluto, have similar orbital velocities, which should decrease as the orbital paths increase in distance. Differentials between orbital velocities and distance from the sun of the objects allows little force to change an orbit of a mass, due to a rogue collision.

   What is the source of the ice? The Oort cloud is composed of many heavy element fragments, that never coalesced into gravitational seeds. Rotating on the edge of our solar system, the primordial hydrogen cloud was long depleted in the present location of the Oort cloud. With the lack of heat, the formation of water to ice would have been scant to no consolidation around rocky masses. If there were gravitational perturbations causing collisions, it would be sending small asteroids towards the sun, which is not the case.

   Ice as a free float compound does exist minimally in a debris field, but most was scattered about due to a collision. Are there ice molecules floating naturally about the asteroid belt? Yes, the orbits of the comets was created by collisions, counter to current theories, where the location of those comet collisions are initiated in the Oort Cloud. The orbits of the comets are too narrow to originate from there. Here is why.

   The bump would have to come from an object in the Oort Cloud heading at an angle towards the sun first. Then the mass itself would had have enough of a gravitational force to selectively gather water and other molecules. As there are many other molecules floating about the Oort Cloud such as CO2 (Carbon Dioxide), CH4 (Methane), and NH3 (Ammonia) in pocket concentrations. Yet spectrum analysis of the light passing through the tail of the comet reveals a composition of mostly water as the primary compound, due to the lower melting points of the other molecules.

   What mankindís scientists have overlooked, is the orbital path analysis of a comet. If an object was hit and directed towards the inner solar system, what orbital parameters would be in place for rotational orbit to be permanent? Normally gravity would accelerate the object labeled as a comet towards the gravitational source, but inherent movement away from the sun, due to orbital angular momentum should prevent a collision with sun. So how does the comet skirt to the outside of the Sun with a random incoming velocity and orbital distance from the sun to balance the centrifugal force needed to prevent capture or escape, if there is no repulsion force? It does not. As mankindís equations for the orbits of comets can not exist with present day gravitational formulas, to validate a point of origin in the Oort Cloud.

   The velocity of the comet would reach its maximum velocity, as it passes the sun. Its gravity would take just as long from the point of origin, to reverse the cometís path. This is the behavior of the planets and their stable orbits. Yet the orbits of comets are elongated elliptical orbits. How can this be, unless originating in the inner solar system? If the origination of a collision occurs outward from the sun. the orbital path is shifted to one side in the direction of the ejected comet. It is a combination of incoming velocity due to gravity, angle of approach due to parameters of the collision, and the repulsion force, which dictates how close the cometís incoming orbit path approaches the sun and then slung back out into its orbit.

   Now the equations of angular momentum are true, as gravity does increase the velocity of the comet until passage of the sun. Then maintains orbital velocity, as it revolves around the back end of the sun. Consider what one has been taught, as this is the clue.


Rise and Fall of the Dinosaurs


   The massive primordial Earth when hit by the Moon, as it trailed behind captured by the gravitational field of the interloper, during a pass through of what one sees today as the asteroid belt. The collision initiated an overshot of Earthís present orbit and spent hundreds of millions of years much closer to a hotter, more massive Sun, than what one sees today. The face of the captured moon, which had contact with the earth, melted and then hardened, as it retreated back into its orbit after the collision. This is why, we observe so many massive seas on the surface of the moon facing us, but the backside has none. The impact popped mountains and hills through out the land mass on the far side.

   Life already had developed on many of water planets, which resided in what is now the asteroid belt. Evidence can be found at the bottom of the frozen oceans of the moons orbiting the gas planets. One day one will get there and be amazed, but active life forms are nearly dormant and small, due to lack or low of nutrients, extreme low temperatures and sunlight, similar of our ocean bottoms. All water planets, now moons are transplants from inner Jupiter orbit. Any planetoid forming beyond Jupiter, would have a surface of frozen hydrogen, which did not interact with a hot surface and oxygen.

   Surprisingly, a small segment of life forms did survive the impact on the proto Earth. The oceans now deep due to the impact, plant life is exploding with the intense sunlight along the Pangaea coastline shallows. The establishment of currents due to the variation in deep ocean temperatures. The unexpected radiation mutating the ambient life formís DNA, coupled with a rich nutrient environment, did accelerate evolution of Earth. The Earthís atmosphere regenerated from the oceans and ozone layer were just redeveloping after being ripped away. The earthís magnetic field in disarray, as the inner core of the earth was reorganizing, does little to deflect the suní solar wind and radiation.

   This planetary scenario put into motion, the migration of life from the ocean to the uninhabited land mass in phases. The plants were the first to migrate. The life forms that evolved in the ocean shallows were the first animal life to move. But there was a reason for this on primordial earth. It was the moon that was captured, but resided in a closer orbit. Tidal forces on the planet earth washed further inland. Many mutations went extinct in the mud flats on the tidal changes when trapped. New species evolved that could breathe air and the spread inland.

   Pangaea was created by the moon impact, had unique features, which established the plate tectonics as scientists see today. The crust raised on the far side of impact, cracked like an egg shell. It is these crack lines, which are the predecessors of planetary primary and secondary fault lines. The primary tectonic fractures separated the continents one sees today. So one asks, if current science states the continents drift apart about an inch a year. This is from observation. Present GPS technology does not confirm the continental drift over several years. Currently the latest measurements show an exponential expansion. So to adapt, they are considering a increase from little to no movement to exponential growth. The point, an average without explaining exponential growth. This is the current trend.

   The interloper passes through the solar system in a relative short period of time and its magnetic influence on the Earth is responsible for the break up of Pangaea and continental drift. May one ask? Does one think that the rotation of the earth is behind the clashes between our tectonic plates? There are many active fault lines, which contribute to an expanding Mid Atlantic Rift. Yet the tectonic plates on Earth are sub ducting under mountain chains from different directions. So lets address the creation of the low depth shoreline swamps, which formed between the continents, as they drifted apart.

   Pangaea was separated, as the Earth wobbled violently during the periodic passage of the interloper. When the crust is stretched along the edges during tectonic plate separation, the land falls, due to loss of support. This is how most of Earthís lakes and oceans, were created. It is this action of the tectonic plates, that created the initial shallow seas and swamps, as the plates separated.

   With the over shoot of our present day orbit, earth had closer proximity to our sun. resulting in an increase heat and sunlight intensity, which made tropical swamps of most shallow shore lines. The polar caps had random patches of snow, which wandered, but not like today. The land was hilly, as the high mountains due to subduction, did not exist yet. With the added intensity of sunlight plant life on Earth exploded in volume and size. The higher latitudes with their longer days was preferred by reptiles and they grew. The rain fall due vaporization of the shallow oceans on a fertile Earth was intense. Yes, that would have been considered climate change, but life on earth did not end. It evolved.

   It was this combination of heat, light intensity and evolutionary mutations, which led to the increased size of animals that evolved on Earth, the dinosaurs. As the Earth over hundreds of millions of years, was pushed inward due to the force of the collision and slowly drifted back into its present orbit as a balance between the incoming and outing gravitational force created by the Sun and other adjustments from the nearby planets. It was the loss of heat, sunlight intensity, and the biomass of total plant life, which was greatly reduced, immune systems violated by disease and starvation, that killed the dinosaurs. Yes, asteroids did hit the local regions, but only amounted to localize extinction, not as scientist imagine, as a planet killer.

   For those caught up in climate change, when that asteroid hit earth 65 million years ago, the carbon dioxide content in earthís atmosphere was far greater than anything mankind could create. There was no runaway greenhouse effect, as all forests were on fire. Presently there is another cause that will bring death and destruction.


The Gravitational Dance: the Creation of Planetary Orbits and Orbital Plane


   As we examine the cause of planetary orbits, we must look to the primary gravitational stellar object lit or unlit. You were informed, that a mass attracts gravitational subatomic particles. Where the incoming flow creates a field around the mass and thus applies a pass-through force to any mass in the direction of the center of the host mass. You were also shown, the gravitational subatomic particle flow gathers in the core of the mass and then is expelled along the equator due to stellar rotation. You are familiar with this process, Centrifugal force. Details are available under gravity in astronomy 102

   The gravitational subatomic particles streams burst in equidistance points along the equator of universal objects. For the layman a two burst is 180 degrees apart, a three burst is 120 degrees apart and so on. A low number of gravitational streams would form planetary arms, like one sees in spiral galaxies. In our Sun there are multiple streams, that constantly applies a force or sweeps during pass through of the planetary objects in the direction of the Sun rotation. The force diminishes as a function of distance from the Sun. What is not part of the orbital process, the planets just happen to be at the right distance and has right velocity to maintain planetary orbits. More important, few scientists have considered the Sunís mass and gravitational attraction decreases over the billions of years and is not part of current equations. If planetary velocity remains the same, the orbit expands and the planet escapes. So how are all of the planets contained within the orbital plane?

   With the sweeping motion of gravitational subatomic particle streams emitted at various points along the Sunís equator, pierces the incoming gravitational subatomic field. It is at the edges of the outgoing streams and incoming gravitational stream has an inherent clockwise rotational spin from above and counter from below. This applies a pass-through force from above and below the an imaginary plane dictated by the Sunís equator. It is the return gravitational flow towards the Sun that forces planetary objects into a thin plane of equalization. This why Pluto was rejected as a original planet with its minor mass, as its orbit was due to a collision to be covered later.


Subset: Planetary Rings


   There is a tipping point to where the central mass of a solar system or stellar object that lights as a star or remains unlit, as only detectable by its gravitational perturbations. What is meant by a tipping point? It is the dominant mass, which would establish as the gravitational center of the solar system, either containing planetary formations or rings of dust and small mass debris. During creation of our solar system, shortly after the localize big bang, which reshaped what one now sees as the Milky Way galaxy. Yes, what makes up our galaxy, was totally captured by a black hole at one time. The central black hole accreted almost all mass of the from previous galaxy. So parts of current theories on the expansion and eventual compression of the universe needs to be modified to an event, which occurs on a galactic scale.

   Gravitational subatomic particles flow both ways. So there is a balance and order within the universe. Nearby galaxies would separate, due to a repulsion force rather than be captured. What about the photographic evidence showing galaxies colliding? The problem is with nearby galaxies, which does occur in this vast universe, one can not judge distance. They are passing by, but not colliding. The photographs only combines the confused image, as one can not discern the distance between the two galaxies. This is counter, to the explanation the universe is expanding and galaxies are moving away from each other. So now let us address in detail the gravitational dance of the planets in our solar system.

   We now quickly address one of the many faults with the current gravitational equation, to which mass in the universe is based on orbital velocity and an approximation of Earthís mass. You have been told here, the gravitational readings on the Moon and Mars do not match current gravitational predictions. The key issue occurs during planetary alignment. When this happens, there should be orbital distance compression of all orbits, based on current theories. Over billions of years there would be an inward progression of orbital paths of all planets within or solar system. So lets dig deeper into this astronomical contradiction.

   When scientist ignore two primary factors with orbits based on velocity, which does not change. But, the mass of the sun does and gravitational attraction between masses is amplified during planetary alignment. It is relationship between orbital velocity of planetary objects where the distance shrinks or expands between the planets and central star, but orbital velocity remains the same. The relationship over time between the planets, their interactions with each other and the sun, would becomes unbalanced. Your gravitation laws do not account for this, as one is just looking at a snapshot of the time line.

   The order of the inner rocky planets to the outlying gas planets with water planets squeezed is by design in the universe. If there was no interloper, more than a dozen planets would have harbored mostly oceanic life. Mars did have surface water, but now is a basic desert planet. With a deep water table, which still does support small ground insects, rodents and small reptiles. The absence of surface water and rain is what inhibited plant life, thus unless one is on the planet, assumption of being lifeless still holds, but the government knows otherwise. Did the government send astronauts to Mars to examine the face and pyramids, yes. They found an abandon base with no usable technology. The astronauts knew that the trip might be one way. It was, as the ship was sabotaged for a report only just like Apollo 13, which came back. They did not. This was just another attempt to acquire technology, just like the Moon. You do not send astronauts and spend billions to collect rocks. A probe can do that. They were sent for another reason.

   Once a solar gravitational field is established by a rocky seed, it becomes the dominant gravitational field, which now captures almost all of the frozen hydrogen particulate cloud within a certain distance. The inner planets remain as rocky planets or cores in the hydrogen cloud low density void, created by the solar mass with the most outlying planetary masses adding to their share, but how? There is a captured debris field, which consolidates at first, then clumps. This field spreads horizontally as the outflow and inflow of gravitational subatomic particles are expelled from the central core of the our Sun.

   Gravitational subatomic particle flow from the base solar object on the outbound side, controls three parameters of a solar system. The orbital plane that the various planets reside. Secondly, the complex arrangement of orbital distance of planetary objects which revolve around the primary solar mass. Third, the orbital velocity of planetary objects around the solar mass.

   The primary outflow of gravitational subatomic particle flow is emitted along the equator of the solar object, as well of a planetary object. It is the return flow, which avoids this area due to subatomic particle crowding. There is an interaction between the outgoing streams and the float back toward the target mass. Along the edges of the outflow and the incoming float of gravitational subatomic particles, the inward float is drawn in circular motion towards the outgoing repulsion streams. This circular rotational motion is in the direction of the outward flow clockwise above the outgoing stream and counter clockwise below the stream. This the source of the ecliptic plane in the solar system.

   If one examines the actions of the circular rotational motion directed from above and below, this creates a neutral zone of equalization. Where all mass suspends along a thin plane. There is a force from gravitational subatomic particles applied from above and below. The ecliptic plane, which scientists observe in spiral galaxies and here within our own solar system, is by design based on a result from gravitational subatomic particle flow.

   So lets apply these same principles on a smaller scale, to explain planetary rings and why they seem to be common on the gas giants. The gas giants offer a unique opportunity, to study the nuances of small mass particulates, which orbit large planets in rings. The gas giants have a much greater incoming gravitational subatomic particle float and repulsion subatomic particle expulsion streams along the equator of the planet, compared to the smaller inner rocky core planets. In the case of our solar system, the debris field caused by many cosmic collisions, have accelerated velocity when approaching Jupiterís orbit, due to close proximity, almost all was captured. This accounts for the many varied colors one now sees on Jupiterís surface, especially the reds. As the dust debris cloud expanded outward, its rate of expansion affected primarily by the sunís gravitational field, reduced the outbound velocity of the debris field to almost static float. The lionís share went to Saturn and the outlying planets of Uranus and Neptune acquired what was left. This was the source of debris, which now composes their rings. Lets examine of how the rings separate, the thin plane format along the equatorial plane of the planet and the appearance of spokes.

   We will use Saturn as an example, because the other two outer planets follow the same format, but on a reduced scale. The creation of a thin plane of debris can only exist within a strong gravitational field. On a planetary scale, a mass that is at least ten times the mass of the earth either rocky or gas giant in this primary visible solar system, can create a localized gravitational subatomic particle flow for the creation of segmented rings. We all are now familiar with the incoming curled float, which applies a force flattening a thin particulate float, caught in the outgoing repulsion subatomic particle flow ejected along the equator.

   Along the equatorial plane of a massive planetary object, there is an equalization between the general field of debris, which compose planetary rings. When examining planetary rings, the mass of the individual particulates segregate over time to form the rings one observes today millions of years later. As a debris field is captured by a gas giant, the larger debris crashes towards the planetary surface. As mass size accelerated gravity overcomes the repulsion force due velocity. The varied size of particulates contained within the debris field quickly separate, with the larger particulates moving to the outer rings. Why does this occur?

   The repulsion subatomic segregated particle streams emits a larger force to larger particulates, due to the available surface area and the particulate mass, which absorbs a greater amount of the outgoing force. With the smaller particulates, the gravitational subatomic particle streams tend on the most part, to flow around with a limited interaction with the small mass of the particulates. It is the balance of the gravitational subatomic incoming field and outgoing repulsion subatomic particle streams, which finds an equilibrium of distance within equatorial planetary plane. Now one has an idea of why the rings of particulates, do not continue as a seamless ring, but due to the repulsion force separate, thus the large radial zones of separation or gaps. This is what one observes. Again one asks, why are there spokes observed in Saturnís rings? There is an explanation.

   When one reviews the gravitational subatomic particle flow in and out of a mass. The inbound particle flow is a slow float towards the center of the target planetary massís core. More details are available in Gravitational Subatomic Particles astronomy 102. The outbound flow dependant upon internal core pressure, set breach points are established along the equatorial line of rotation. The primary factor in the appearance of the spokes is a determinate of those breach points, which starts on the outer edge of the inner core The greater the containment pressure, the larger the amount of equidistance outgoing repulsion subatomic particle streams spread about 3600 degrees, which are established along the equatorial plane, which passes through the inner core.

   If planetary rotation is not present, the debris field would not stabilized and clump, large sections of what would have been rings, captured due to orbital decay. On a secondary note the particulate debris fields, would slide to either side of the positional static gravitational repulsion streams and the float moves inward towards the planetís surface. The formation of planetary rings create a secondary affect to form. Lets address this.

   There are intense repulsion subatomic particle streams emitted from the inner core of the gas giants. It is these streams, which sweep the ring particulates around planetary object, in our case best example, Saturn. Your scientists have observed that the rings of Saturn, are segmented by spokes. What is the cause behind this phenomena? We can also examine the flow of repulsion subatomic particles exiting polar axis points augmenting the flattening of the rings into a thin equatorial plane.

   It is the rotating repulsion subatomic particle streams initial burst, which displaces ring debris in a thin outward line resulting in a spoke pattern. The debris field that has settled into a thin plane of segregated rings. Now what one has observed, is that the spokes do not dissipate. How is that?

   It is here, that one can conclude, the repulsion gravitational subatomic particle streams are rotating from within the core. It is this force, which is driving ring rotation and the particle stream burst reinforcing or creating new spokes. Otherwise the rings would be in a state of disorganization and reform shortly after. With that said, one now knows, that gravitational subatomic particle streams do rotate within most, but not in all planetary, stellar and black hole objects. As for moons, they would require a liquid core to initiate surface rotation. So how can we expand on this same principle, to explain basic observations, we see in the present universe? The basic principles concerning the repulsion subatomic particle steams will be given more detail in Orbital Distance and Velocity, astronomy 101. Lets address the formation a debris field plane.

   There is a path of least resistance for short ranged repulsion subatomic particle streams emitted from the cores of universal objects. Normally repulsion subatomic particle streams need a great force to initiate stream flow about a 3600 degree dispersion field. But there is a bleed out of repulsion subatomic particles, which takes advantage of he voids created by magnetic subatomic particle flows entering and leaving a planetary core along its rotational axis, which in earthís case does not align, due to the magnetic shift supporting its 230 angle of tilt from to anomaly pass bys. In Saturnís case the rotational and magnetic do align.

   With a low expulsion rate at both poles, as neither a repulsion or gravitational subatomic particle are polarized, there motion is dictated by voids in the inner core pathways of masses. There is extreme congestion along the polar axis and for the repulsion subatomic particles, they are push away from the polar axis upon exiting the planet. Due to their slow release and low field density, the streams are turned inside of the incoming gravitational float, due to crowding and the streams are directed towards the equatorial plane. There is a push back (extreme crowding) due to the repulsion particle streams exiting along the equatorial plane, combined with the incoming gravitational float. The repulsion subatomic particles, which exited the polar region, are now flowing back towards the planet just above and below the outgoing repulsion stream. Where the subatomic particles reenter into the equator, moving back towards the inner core.

   It is the frictional contact along the edges of the incoming and outgoing repulsion subatomic particle opposing flows, which applies a curling force towards the ecliptic plane. This force is applied clockwise and down from above and counterclockwise and up from below, aided by the incoming gravitational float, which compresses the particulate field into a thin plane.


The Shifting of Saturnís Ring Plane


The shifting of Saturnís ring has a simple answer. As Saturn has a tilt and when the orbit of Saturn takes different positions along its orbit path its rings take on a different planer angle as viewed from earth. But there are other factors responsible on a secondary level, which affects Saturnís equatorial plane.

Planetary alignment to the ecliptic plane is a variable and is based on magnetic alignment with the sun. In the case of the gas planets, which for the most part has a pass through magnetic core and parameters change for the rotational planetary axis. So the secondary flow is based on gravitational subatomic particles. There is the solar wind and return flow within the ecliptic plane, which stabilizes the position of the gas planet and its rotational plane should match, but doesnĎt.

Current observations of Saturnís rings, which its rotation plane is based on the rotational equator is moving to where its angle will match the ecliptic plane. So what additional factor plays into the equatorial plane of Saturn shifting?

The is a minor force that is acting on the orbital plane of Saturn and this is sourced from the black hole at the center of the galaxy. This is this force that initiates the slow wobble from allegiance to the magnetic and gravitational forces of the sun to the galactic force of the central black hole. This also factors into the angle of Saturnís rings shifting their appearance to the viewers on earth.


Minor Planetary Mass Pluto and the Kuiper Belt


   The debate between astronomers as to whether Pluto is a planet or an object with origins from the Kuiper belt. The elephant in the room is, that Pluto has features of a minor rocky planet or large moon, which are similar to the planets within the inner solar system. Pluto has a surface primarily of ice and a rocky core, which does not fit the profile of objects, that reside or was formed outside of the orbit of Saturn. The composition of the mass referred to as Pluto is a clue to its point of origin. The presence of ice needs an initial hot surface and the availability of oxygen for burning hydrogen to rain down on its surface. Objects which forms from the orbit of Jupiter to the outer planets, gravity attracts hydrogen, helium, methane, ammonia, carbon monoxide & dioxide, with other frozen gases, as the presence of planetary surface heat needed to produce water and other hydrocarbons are missing.

   Pluto once resided in what is left of the asteroid belt, as a planetary object with almost two dozen other major objects including the proto earth. It was the periodic passage of Nibiru, still classified (top secret 2 levels above the H Bomb) by order of the US Government in the field of astronomy, which passes through the ecliptic plane at an angle of 230 degrees, came close enough, to gravitationally capture the planetary or moon like objects in its gravitational tail. Pluto is now classified a Kuiper object, but its orbital profile defies an origin from the belt.

   Within the Kuiper Belt almost all objects are revolving in the same direction contained by the same orbital plane (one can reference orbital planes in Astronomy 101 for more details). With little velocity differentials among the objects, a collision which would force Pluto out of the belt with 180 degree off of the solar ecliptic, coupled with an elliptical orbit that passes within the orbit of Neptune. How? Where is the mass that collided with Pluto? Computer generated simulated collisions at various angles will not create an orbit, which matches Pluto due to an outside impact. Coupled with a lack of velocity and a size of a mass needed to provide orbital velocity, which is absent in the Kuiper belt, due to low density of the debris field, which inhibits planetary formation.

   The Nibiru complex captured the mass of Pluto, modified its orbital profile close to its exit angle of Nibiru to the ecliptic plane. The gravitational grip was loose on the trailing planet, as Nibiru exited the solar system, due to the repulsion force emanating from the sun and accelerated away. Pluto broke free and was slung into its near present day orbit. This was modified (the angle to the base orbital plane) over hundreds of millions of years. This is the reason for the offset to the ecliptic solar plane, which has reduced from 230 to 180. The orbital velocity gained by the encounter factors into its ecliptic orbit, which is stretched in the direction of its capture and release. Your clue will be if one computes a line on direction that extends the orbit of Pluto. It will point towards Orion, due to a dark gravitational mass equivalent to our sun, but not detected by infrared. As it is unlit due to a failed fusion process, which never initiated from heavy element inner core saturation.

   The debris field of small objects in rotation of our sun on the outer edge of solar system, the Oort cloud, does have a common property, with the Kuiper Belt. A debris field spanning the orbital space of our outer planets, the other on the outer edges of the solar system. The Kuiper belt contains a orbiting field of heavy elements fragments, which did not coalesce into a gravitational seed needed for planetary formation. If a planet did form beyond Neptune, it would have been a smaller hydrogen base object with few moons.


The Repulsion Gravitational Subatomic Particle Streams: Planetary Orbital Distance and Velocity


   Many has asked, what differentiates a gravitational subatomic particle when it is captured and floats to the center of a mass. As opposed to the same gravitational subatomic particle, now a repulsion subatomic particle, which is ejected from the core of a mass? We have established, that a gravitational subatomic particle is drawn to the center of a mass. When encountering another independent mass, while gravitational subatomic particles are on the way to the inner core, the particle field passes through the independent mass. A force is applied to the independent mass in the direction of the inner core. It is the density of mass, which dictates the general force during the pass through, coupled with time of engagement. Moving on, lets examine the subatomic particle expulsion side and why the gravitational subatomic particle is now referred to a repulsion subatomic particle, which has a different set of principles. It is this force, which affects an object outside origin planetary mass upon the streams leaving the inner core.

   As a repulsion subatomic particle stream encounters a mass, there are multiple scenarios, which can play out. If we consider our Moon, which collided with Earth, there was a bounce back and the distance between the Earth and the Moon stabilized, but with no lateral motion about the Earth, how was an orbit established? It wasnĎt, run collision tests on frictionless lab tables.

   When a repulsion subatomic particle stream penetrates the mass of our Moon, several factors come into play. The expansion of the streams crowds the area, already filled by a gravitational field and a push back starts to occur causing separation.. Even though the repulsion particle stream does rip through a mass, the interaction is on a smaller scale with some build up during the pass through. This is why, a repulsive force has not been discovered on Earth. Einstein knew of this force, but deemed mankind unworthy of this knowledge. Check his unfinished papers if one doubts.

   Our Moon is being used as an example orbital mass, to explain the basis of the repulsion gravitational subatomic particle force and its properties as a start on a planetary scale. The principles of orbital distance around a primary mass (planets, stars, black holes) does not change in the universe, just the local variants. The ellipse in the orbit is a determinate of the average gravitational force pulling (in our solar system the outside planets and the dark binary sun) from the outside orbit, against the stable central gravitational base of our visible sun. So lets address, how the varied repulsion subatomic particle streams maintain an orbital distance and its secondary affect, orbital velocity.

   When a repulsion gravitational particle stream encounters a significant mass, in relation to the mass emitting the steams, there is a push back. So what is meant by a push back? During any repulsion subatomic stream pass through of a mass, there is a reflective pressure blow back, as a part of resistance to the entering when encountering the mass. It is like a traffic jam as number of particles, which can pass through, is below current rate hitting the mass.

   As the distance between the Moon and the Earth closed during its catastrophic encounter, the reflective bounce back wave on the near side of the Moon built up as a function of distance, radius of the mass (the Moon) and density of the subatomic particle streams. Due to subatomic particle crowding an outward force was applied towards the Moon. As repulsion subatomic particle streams encounter a mass, their flow through is impeded. A dense mass slows pass through, but the streams are emitted at the same rate causing a back up. As a mass moves closer to the emitting mass, this reflective blow back of repulsion subatomic particle flow is intensifying resistance to the new incoming particle flow. Causing what would be described as a static positional repulsive subatomic particle cloud building on the side of the mass absorbing the incoming stream.

   When the incoming net gravitation force (total force of the incoming gravitational subatomic particles during the Moon pass through minus average outgoing force applied to the Moon due centrifugal motion) closes the distance between the two masses, there is pressure exerted by the repulsive subatomic particle cloud, which increases in thickness of the reflective blow back and lateral spreading about Moon. The process invokes a repulsion force away from the earth, which is applied to the surface of the Moon. When there is an increased repulsion subatomic crowding pressure between masses, their motion would be towards the lower density ambient spatial field or away.

   This is the basis for subatomic particle movement, which creates the repulsive force. Equilibrium only occurs when the incoming gravitational float applying a force on the Moon towards the Earth and reflective push back repulsive cloud crowding outgoing repulsive streams applying an outward force due to subatomic particle crowding to the moon equalizes. Thus establishing an oscillating stable orbital distance, coupled with the affects of its outside variants between the Earth and the Moon.

  This is the major flaw in current gravitational formulas. It considers only the force between masses based on distance and a constant. You have got that wrong also. This is why current formulas work here, but not on the Moon and Mars, as verified by measurements with the rovers and the astronauts. What about the probes that navigate the solar system with accuracy? You make adjustments with the probe thrusters to correct flight errors. Remember the early probes, many off the books were captured by gravity with too close of a fly by and crashed. This is primary reason behind the stop of Moon exploration. Astronauts talk and to reveal that all basic laws related gravity and many laws of motion in the universe according to mankindís theories, will be questioned. There was too much to risk with loose lips, but with other nations now exploring, talk will spread by word of mouth.

   As for alien bases being the reason, they would have been seen by Google maps cameras. Does one think, they have not turned their cameras towards the Moon, especially the Apollo 11 landing site? The bases are on the far side of the Moon outside of the view of scientists. That conspiracy theory was planted by design. You have learned through errors, while the public is non the wiser.

   We will now address the secondary affect on a mass (in this example the Moon) by the repulsive subatomic particle stream emitted from a mass (in this example Earth), which has an inherent rotation about its axis, as the source of orbital velocity of the Moon. Lets examine the Moon in a frozen moment of time, when the repulsion subatomic particle cloud wraps around the frontal hemisphere, which faces Earth. So what the repulsive subatomic particle cloud look like if viewed from above the orbital plane with the Earth?

   The cloud expands quickly at the point of intersection of the incoming gravitational float and the static repulsion streams exiting the moon. This crowds the general spatial area, then tapers outward becoming less dense, as the cloud approaches the edge of mass. From there the cloud flows straight out around the mass and dissipates into a tail out. It is this repulsion subatomic particle stream cloud, along the side of the Moon that repulsion subatomic particles emitted from the earthís core, has angular torque due to the rotation of the Earthís core. As the repulsion subatomic particle streams which are equally dispersed along Earthís equatorial plane, also rotate within the spatial area of the solar system. With the intense pressure the repulsive subatomic particle cloud encounters, the streams migrate directionally away to a lower density area in the local ambient field. The cloud applies a sweeping force to the Moonís surface, during pass through in the direction of the rotating repulsive subatomic particle streams, emitted from Earth.

   Would not the constant pass through force from the Repulsion subatomic particle streams, increase the orbital velocity of the Moon? Yes, but there is another factor influencing the Moonís orbital path, the incoming gravitational float approaching Earth. So lets shed some light on the details.

   Your scientists have attributed satellite orbital degradation and their eventually burning up in the atmosphere to encountering a thin atmosphere over a hundred miles above Earth. How can this be if they consider the ambient field a near vacuum? Yes, there are stray molecules of oxygen and nitrogen, but in parts per trillion or more. The most important part is, the mass is negligible. The pressure wave in front of a satellite moving at 17,000 mph, would push through any resistance to random air molecules over a hundred miles above Earth. It would take hundreds, if not thousands of years to degrade an orbit based on resistance to random air molecules, yet satellites fall in years. You did make the correct calculations for orbital velocity, to balance the pull of Earthís gravity. If so, why are the satellites falling with thrusters being used? Are the calculations off?

   The primary cause controlling the orbital velocity of the Moon, is the lateral force applied to its mass, as it passes through the gravitational subatomic particle float moving towards the Earthís inner core. The Moon is providing the pass through motion, due to orbital velocity. The simplistic comparison would be the increased flow of gravitational subatomic particles, applying an added force to astronauts during takeoff, due to an increasing velocity through an incoming gravitational float. More gravitational subatomic particles pass through a given area of mass per unit of time, but also factor in a reduction of float density as a function of distance traveled. You see this as a g-force.

   It is motion, which would alter a force applied 900 degrees inward, against the Moonís line of motion along its orbital path. To analyze this motion we will freeze it and represent the forces by vectors. The forward motion of the Moon causes a gravitational subatomic particles to interact with the mass of the Moon. It is the lateral motion, which the subatomic particles take, representing one vector of force in the opposite direction of forward orbital motion. Determinates of this lateral force is field density and general time of mass and gravitational subatomic particle interaction. The other vector is based on, the direct incoming gravitational subatomic float field headed directly to the earthís inner core. The gravitational subatomic particles apply a force 900 to the orbital path towards earth. Combine the vectors applying a force the Moon and we can see the part impeding forward motion and the part pulling the Moon towards the earth, but a push back from the repulsion force stabilizing an oscillating orbital path. It is here, one can realize, that there is a counter force pushing the Moon forward from the rotating repulsion subatomic particles stream emitted along the earthís equator. Otherwise the orbit of the Moon would degrade and collide with the earth. It is this force along with rarified atmospheric ions and molecules, which slows satellites and invokes orbital decay.

   Scientists on earth have wondered why, the inner planets have not collided in chaos? Each planetary pass by is an adventure. This is not by chance, as there is an order to the universe and its laws are interconnected, consistent and based on the same fundamental principles for all universal objects, where exceptions are few. The theories on planetary orbits is based on measurements using Earthís mass as a base and orbital velocity to calculate the mass of other planets and the Sun. The problem is the delicate balance and does not consider the gravitational attraction between individual planetary masses, as they align or just pass by. Would the gravitational attraction of Venus pull Earth towards it on every orbital pass by? As the orbital velocity is fixed, but the distance to the sun is reduced, then what?

   In conclusion it is the repulsive subatomic particle stream emitted from the primary mass, which is responsible for the secondary mass orbital distance and velocity around the primary mass. This is the basis for planetary orbits around a stellar mass and galactic stellar objects about its center, a black hole. This why the stars on the edge of a galaxy maintain their motion, as present day gravitational formulas do not work in the universe. This why scientists have to invent Dark Matter, rather than admit current theories maybe wrong. Now Dark matter does exists, but not enough to compensate for the mass needed to back present theories.


The Creation of Planetary, Stellar and Black Hole Magnetic Fields


   As the creation of all universal objects continues due to localized big bangs, lets review the process behind planetary creation and placement about a stellar object. Then we will address of magnetic subatomic particles and its related flow through cores of planets, stellar objects and black holes and the universal magnetic fields that surround them.

   Just like the inner core of a mass is responsible for the inflow of the gravitational subatomic particle float, which is balanced by an outflow of repulsion subatomic particle streams (Covered in detail in Astronomy 102). The inner core of certain masses initiates and supports a flow of magnetic subatomic particles. Gravitational subatomic particles are generally dependent upon inner core compression and the breach of the outer edges of the inner core. Magnetic subatomic particle flow is dependent on inner core turmoil, electron stripping, a charge build up and flow to what one would call a ground. Lets examine the basics of magnetic subatomic particle flow and field creation within an inner core of a mass and the resultant outer field creation. But first, lets reexamine universal processes.

   Reviewing planetary formation, when a mass acquires due to gravity emanating from the initial seed core, it is the proto mass, which gathers hard elements first. The proto mass must be beyond the point of gravitational inflow field intensity to avoid capture and where the repulsion force emanating from the primary stellar object, does establish a stable orbit within close proximity of a new stellar object. It is the intense heat from the newly formed stellar object, that allows the coalescing process of the proto planet to occur. As for the emerging star, what ever rotation that was inherent, shunts its angular momentum. As it also gains mass, due to the remnant gaseous cloud of sufficient density to allow transfer of mass to a gravitational source.

   This same process also occurs with the preliminary planetary objects, which are developing within the same interstellar gravitational field. It is only when compression liquefies the core of the forming proto planets and differentials within the core, are attracted to different parts of the galaxy, This process is what initializes an never ending spin. The resultant of this action sets up rotation of the internal core, which drags the outer portion of the denser part of the object and rotation begins. As the planetary objects grow and form, the largest in mass is pushed away from the central stellar object, due to the repulsion force. Now one may ask, we see our solar system, where all planetary masses are revolving in the same direction? How is that?

   As planetary objects in the local stellar spatial area, there is a rotational dance between nearby objects. But, direction of rotational spin is dependent upon internal pressure differentials, which initiate spin. While being affected by a stellar object, which has some to little rotation, as the stellar object gains mass. These are the current laws of motion, as spin would decrease, as a function of angular momentum with newly formed or young stars. Does not a skater extend their arms to stop rotation? So one assumes planetary objects, would settle at the prime distance, as a rotational condensing disk with an uniform angular velocity. Lets examine this gas cloud condensation closer and apply the laws of motion to its formation.

   With the current theories of a proto stellar nursery gas cloud condensing into the formation of a solar system, the idea leaves so many unanswered questions. As the cloud moves away from the initiation of the local big bang, there has to be a pressure differential along the edge of the condensing cloud, which would form the proto solar system. This edge differential would initiate the rotation towards the weak pressure side of the gas cloud, due outgoing velocity and with further condensation, an increase of angular velocity. With this angular velocity, the principles of centrifugal force stretches the cloud into a disk. So how does this version of planetary formation go astray?

   The outer edge of the proto gas cloud condensing would have the greatest velocity. Yet, as we know, the planets on the outside of the solar system, have the slowest orbital velocities. How does a proto planetary object form, as all of the gaseous cloud is revolving at the same radial velocity around the central point, where a star may solidify? Now some may think, as a proto planet gains mass, its orbital momentum slows. It does not, as all mass which is acquired, has the same orbital velocity. If all mass is moving in unison, how is the orbital path clean? It isnít, there is another answer. Just look to the asteroid belt for an answer.

   All planetary objects would take a similar parallel path to the stellar object. So how would an orbit would be established, if all mass is expanding in the universe and maintains momentum from the center of the local big bang? What happens as a solar system is established, the gravitational stellar mass and solar wind decreases over time, but what is in motion stays in motion. Under current theories, the planets would escape.

   During the creation of a solar system the inner masses fuse quickly, but lack available mass, as they form near the stellar object. When planetary formation is pushed outward, gravity and a reduction of solar wind allows an atmosphere to form. Yet planetary formation has surface temperatures still to hot to be cooled due to the formation of water. As planetary orbits move even further out into a denser hydrogen cloud, gravity attracts the cloud towards the planetary surface. Where electrical storms permeate a volatile atmosphere and hot surface rocks cause water in the liquid form, after combining with available oxygen to rain down on the surface. Thus creating a great orbital zone of water planets.

   Those planets that form in an area, which lack oxygen shift towards desert planets. As one moves further out away from the stellar object, the available hydrogen cloud density increases outside of the stellar object, allowing greater influence of planetary gravity to attract hydrogen around much cooler base masses, thus forming the gas giants. The is the basic blueprint in the universe for star similar to ours.

   As for the unique asteroid belt, many collisions occurred there, catapulting many planets to become captured moons of the gas giants or debris. Pluto is one of those strays, that settled outside of the gas giants orbits. After a recent collision in the past 100s of million of years, as it has yet to settle in the orbital plane.

   Lets examine the flow of magnetic subatomic particles as a strong force and its related static field formation around planets, stellar objects and black holes. The principles of a magnetic subatomic particle, stem primarily from the ambient electron stream, that flows through the nucleus. One may ask, what is the difference between a strong force with magnetic subatomic particle flow and a weak force with gravitational subatomic particle flow? The magnetic subatomic particle flow is based upon a build up of an inner core charge differential to initiate flow patterns. While gravitational subatomic particles are neutral based in their charge and subatomic particle density or void initiates their movement. Now that we have a base, we shall move into a planetary core. This is where, core rotation strips residual ferrous elements of some of their electron stream subatomic particles.

   Inside the planetary core structure, the electron stream subatomic particles tend to group, once expelled. The resultant flow in magnetic subatomic particle streams, are separated by the ambient density (universal 3rd density spatial environment), which surrounds the planet. An equilibrium is established regarding charge and spacing between the streams flowing from the north magnetic pole expulsion point to the reentry point at the south magnetic pole. What is interesting, is how the magnetic subatomic particle flow in our base example, takes the form of a subatomic particle clump. So what is meant by that phrase?

   Magnetic subatomic particles once charged, seeks a ground at its south pole of flow. Inside the core, magnetic subatomic particles start to clump, before ejection from the core, but there is a sequence. We shall address the basic sequence first. This is where the individual magnetic subatomic particles establish a link of charge-neutral-charge binding for an overall positive charge. This is a natural binding, as both charge subatomic particles have a common base or ground neutral. This is no different than the general principles of the electric grid, where many hot lines use the same ground. We will now examine the next magnetic subatomic particle format, charge-neutral-charge-neutral-charge.

   Again the modified magnetic subatomic particle structure still maintains the basic link to the ground, but in an expanded format. So why is this important? One has 5 format subatomic particle flow and what will be explained as a three format subatomic particle flow leaving the planetary core. This is a magnetic subatomic particle sinusoidal flow, where the differentials between the flows oscillates between 0 the base and 1 the charge. But it is pulsed. Again one asks why?

   Inside the core of a planet, core rotation strips the subatomic particles related to the electron stream by design. This is the same process of turmoil, which occurs in the atmosphere, builds and pulses a lightning strike. Inside the core magnetic subatomic particles have like charges and the base provides an equilibrium. When there is a link charge-base charge or greater within the core, the differential forced expulsion and dependent of the grouping of three to five, there is a gap differential. We will address this next.

   The gaps contained within the magnetic subatomic stream, are dependant upon the pulse of three or five. Where the strength of the pulse, determines the subatomic particle gap from the like charges on the ends of the clumped formation. It is these gaps, which allow magnetic subatomic flow lines in the general universal field, to intermix with an overlapping magnetic field, emanating from another magnetic anomaly or the sun.

   Magnetic subatomic particle flows will find it easier to enter the earthís south magnetic pole as a diversion. Would this intermix of magnetic subatomic particles, affect the intensity of earthís magnetic field? The quick answer is yes. As a flow of magnetic subatomic particles, would be affected by the phase of the magnetic particles, emitted from earth. The affect on the field due to phased alignment of the 2 fields would yield peak, neutral and ebb cycles, which I cannot discern the timing of this cycle at this present time.

   Does the principles of how a magnetic subatomic particle flow inducing a field change from a planet, to a sun, to a black hole? No, magnetic subatomic particle movement follow the same basic rules. Only the force of gravity changes, which results in an increase of subatomic particle compression. What about universal objects which do not have a measurable magnetic field? If the object does have ferrous heavy elements within its core and the magnetic subatomic flow is to weak to breach the surface and create a field. The magnetic subatomic particles will flow through the core, where it aligns south-north. Can the inner core flip the planet into also aligning? This is dependent upon the amount of heavy elements within the inner core and the frictional coefficient between the inner core and the rest of the planetary mass, but scientists would never know the original orientation. As they were not here during creation.


Pre-Requisite Astrophysics 102


The Atomic Structure and its Primary Sub Atomic Particles and Streams

This is a Basis for the Unified Field Theory Advanced Studies


   The key to unlocking the many marvels of the universe starts with the basic knowledge of the atomic structure, the various subatomic particles and their related streams. We start with the nucleus and key concepts which agree in principle with mankindís version, but differ in reality. The nucleus is a collective of shared subatomic particles, unified to create a total mass with its related properties and energy flows, not a grouping of individual protons and neutrons with electron spinning about. By what process does the atomic structure maintain a neutral charge, when there is no contact with the electron rings? Adding a proton or neutron to an atomic structure increases the mass, but there is no process in place, where the shared changes we see spreads within the atomic structure. The concept of electron rings that are shared with another nucleus only balances the charge to neutral. How does that translate to shared property changes within the separate atomic structures, which the electron stream does not touch? It doesnít. Yes, there is set levels of a charge within the nucleus, needed to stabilize as a new element and the critical mass needed with a neutral charge, which can change the properties of the element. The measurements and assigned charges are on the whole correct, but how the nucleus binds and the relationship with the electrons is wrong. We will also examine other key subatomic particles, which are present within the nucleus.

   Within the nucleus there is a distinct subatomic particle flow, which binds the physical mass.. This flow within the nucleus does not exit its shell, until the nucleus starts to become unstable. Which one observes, as an emission of a radioactive subatomic particles. If one were to examine what would be a proton, the energy level of that subatomic mass would hold a slight charge, but the total binding force would be off the charts. So what does this mean in laymanís terms?

   Currently one perceives the basic building block to be completely composed of positively charged subatomic particles. This is where one has to reexamine. In what one calls a proton most of the mass is in balance, but the total charge across all of the mass, adapts a positive charge, due to charges from moving subatomic particle streams. This is one aspect of why, there is a great release of energy from within the nucleus. The other is the binding subatomic particle flow within the nucleus. As for what one calls the neutron, the total charge is in equalization. So how does the general process of the electron work in the atomic structure?

   Mankind assumes there is an electron cloud, which revolves around the nucleus, based on what he or she observes in the universe, but that concept is far from the principles of the atomic structure. There is a cloud composed of streams with subatomic particles related to the electron, but their behavior is different from what one perceives, which takes place about the nucleus. The electron streams flow through the nucleus, to balance the charge in the nucleus. This is one of their primary functions. So how does mankindís structure of electron rings work under this new format of the atomic structure? They donít.

   There are many factors in the properties and formation of the electron streams to consider. We will only be concerned with the concept of rings and the alternate view, distribution flow through the nucleus, first. The electron stream that flows through the nucleus has the total ground charge needed to provided stability to the nucleus excluding the steams that are outside of the nucleus in the cloud. I want one to examine the general concept of revolving electrons and consider an alternate solution. How can an electron balance the charge of the nucleus by revolving around it? It can not. Oh, one says the charge jumps the gap. OK if that were true, then there would be a flow of electrons to the ground, from the nucleus, just like cloud to ground lightning. This is the disconnect. Lets move on to the electrons streams and how they distribute around the nucleus and the process of how the pole to pole arcs truly engage the nucleus.

   The electron stream once it exits the nucleus, they start to separate into individual streams, due subatomic particle stream crowding and equalization. The more intense the stream (the number of perceived electrons) is, the more streams equally separated by subatomic particle density. I do not have the thresh hold of the carrying capacity of the streams, so the density break point for separation for me are unknown, until I get to lab. So we covered distribution, now lets address the perception of the rings, which are truly arcs of electron subatomic particle streams, flowing from one pole to another of the nucleus.

   The electron particle streams which flow through the nucleus, as a self encapsulating compound tube formation. This is how different ascending levels of perceived electron rings, can exist in a tube formation. The initial electron stream which flows through the nucleus, can only maintain a flow to balance the nucleus charge of the hydrogen an helium atomic structures. A new tube forms around the initial tube with a larger capacity, to allow an additional electron particle flow through the nucleus with a balancing charge other elements up to the next level terminating at neon. This process repeats again for the next additional levels.

   It is the gaps in the electron outer stream tubes, that allows a molecule to form and share subatomic particles between the shared nuclei. One can not change the properties of separate atoms by sharing an electron orbit, but one can when the electron stream flows through both or more nuclei. This is where knowledge of the process of the electron stream, can take advantage of the gaps in the electron stream. It is here, one can design certain properties of the molecule, by tweaking the electron stream and the total charge applied to the molecule. Thus creating molecules, which do not occur naturally. One can modify the atomic structure of living organic tissue, thus curing diseases like cancer with modified molecular replacement on the cellular level in real-time. These are just a few of the applications. More key details in Advanced Applications in Astrophysics 103.

   The secondary application is directly exciting the electron stream for a phased release of the energy, instead of a random pulse, which many streams are out of phase. With manipulation of the electron stream, the phased excitation of the base stream, creates an increased amplitude. This is based on a specific wavelength of the energy beam during the drop down from excited levels, which can be tuned to be more affective, dependent upon the target mass. This will be effective against mirror like surfaces with low frequencies. The resultant in phased power release, that yields energy, which is presently far above anything known laser on earth. Now we will now address the subatomic particle flow responsible for the nuclear binding of the nucleus.

   The subatomic particle stream responsible nuclear binding is unusual, in that its vast amount of energy rarely leaks from the nucleus except in higher elements, which one observes in its unorganized form as radiation, which leaches from the overall mass. There is a constant subatomic particle flow within the nucleus between the positively charged areas of the mass and its ground charge. Which is applied, due to passing through of the electron subatomic particle stream equalizing the overall charge in the center of the nucleus. Only for the electron subatomic particle stream to be pushed back into the core, due to subatomic particle crowding. Thus adapting a charge on the stream, as it approaches the nucleus outer containment. So we have an incoming positively charged nuclear binding subatomic particle stream, flowing towards the grounding electron subatomic particle stream and outgoing neutral subatomic particle float pushed subatomic particle crowding. So this process within the nucleus can be used in many ways, but we introduce 2 for now and expand on the topics in the applications part astronomy 103.

   By controlling the flow of electron subatomic particles which pass through the nucleus, one can destabilize the nuclear binding flow. Why would one want to do this? First one reduces the electron subatomic stream flow, which in turn reduces the nuclear binding flow. The nucleus will not be able to bind the mass. With the lose of charge in the electron subatomic stream, the nucleus becomes unstable and seeks an equilibrium at the next elemental level down. There will be a large release of controlled energy, in proportion to the total mass loss to the nucleus. This same process can be used to stabilize radioactive elements or waste. Adjust the electron subatomic particle flow to where leakage of the nuclear binding subatomic particle leaking from the nucleus stops. One can clean all nuclear waste on earth. Next we will address the basics of General Particle Movement.


General Particle Movement


   General particle movement as to maximum velocity is based upon the universal spatial area and the overall density level of what one calls empty space. Hinted to the relationship of the passage of time which is linked to the completion of a cycle of all total particle movement. This is the general basis of particle movement, which occurs in all universal planes. So lets address particle movement in a spatial area with a constant density, ignore subatomic particle velocity and focus on movement.

   We will analyze the movement of subatomic particles stream from a new perspective of a random three dimensional cubic spatial area. Instead of a two dimensional plane perspective, which documents wavelength and amplitude, but offers little explanation as to the creation of the format. So letís examine the parameters, which dictate subatomic particle movement.

   As general subatomic particles transverse the universal spatial area, it is its natural density level, which gives push back or constant resistance to the forward motion of all the subatomic particle streams. So what does this mean? With forward motion of the subatomic particle stream faces an increase resistance to forward motion, couple with a steady point of emission on the backside the stream encounters. There is a need to relieve the pressure by bulging away from the center line of the subatomic stream. So again how can I grasp this in the real world? This is a good question.

   Lets examine a flow of water down an increased slop against the resistant of a road surface. This will represent the a subatomic particle flow in opposition to the universal spatial medium. Dependant upon the flow of rain water, which would mimic subatomic particle emission rate, the water would have crest points above the road surface at uniform distances, thus a wave length and amplitude above the general flow. Now one has to consider this represent only half of the wave format and is contained within a two dimensional plane. Now one can consider an alternate explanation, lets move on to a new explanation of particle movement in the known universe and its parallel densities.

   General subatomic particle is complex in its forward motion, but mankind only considers movement along a singular plane. When moving through a universal density, the flow of subatomic particles encounter a resistance and finds it easier to push away from the center line of forward motion. This wave format continues, until the universal spatial area pushes back, as density grows, then peaks and its now easier to reverse direction into the pressure void, pass the center line and push against the spatial medium to peak again. The cycle continuously repeats. This is the basic movement, as subatomic particles move in a wave format. It is the subatomic particle stream density and mass, that is the determinate of frequency. It is the intensity of flow rate, that determines the amplitude. With those parameters setting up the basic particle movement, lets address the secondary motion occurring within the wave format.

   There are slight pressure differentials in the forward motion to each side, as they are not equal. It is here, that the subatomic particles shifts off the wave format, moving along the initial plane of motion. In that particle movement seeks equilibrium and shifts away higher side pressure into a lower density void. This initiates a rotation of the 2 dimensional plane, which contains the wave format about the center line of motion. As it moves away from the center line of motion, pressure builds until 900 degrees away from the plane of motion. There is a reversal back due to low density spatial area until pressure pushes to the extreme 1800 degrees, then shifts back to the low density center line and the cycle repeats. The rate of that rotation is dictated to pressure differentials along the sides of forward motion and the initial momentum about the center line. When observing total subatomic particle movement the wave would rotate about the center line of motion in a tube format. This is why light when emitted, is in a natural form mimics a cylindrical beam.


The Heat Related Subatomic Particle Stream


   The heat related subatomic particle stream is basic to mankindís knowledge. Although is not looked upon as a subatomic particle, but a solar flow of radiation primarily from the sun in our solar system. The dispersion of this radiation is poorly defined, so lets shed some insight to the transfer heat between masses starting with our sun and the earth.

   Lets start with the current definition of heat, lauded by scientists as a fact. They propose in their theories, that heat is a radiation, which can transverse space and an atmosphere to transfer energy. Are you irradiated by a simple backyard camp fire? The process of heat transfer is not explained, yet thermodynamic equations yield results of heat transfer between masses, but offer no explanation on the process of transfer. This is where, there is a lack of knowledge. Lets address some of the several primary processes related to the heat subatomic particle streams.

   What is unique and simplistic in that the heat related subatomic stream is an outflow only, but is absorbed by other masses. So what is meant by that? Most subatomic particle streams once emitted from a nucleus or on the moderate end, such as a solar mass returns to the source by design. This is not the case with heat subatomic particles, as they are ejected from an atom or mass to stabilize it and control expansion within a spatial area. So how does this process work?

   There is a process on the subatomic level, to where subatomic particle flow is related to the release of heat energy within the nucleus of the atom. As the energy level within the nucleus rises, this is due to outside forces like gravitational compression and subatomic particle absorption. The subatomic particle stream related to heat provides a process within the nucleus, to shed energy providing stability for the mass. Subatomic particles in close proximity interact, it is the heat subatomic particle stream, which expands separation. In mankindís mindset consider it a subatomic particle lubricant, as a comparison in the world. As the subatomic particles related to absorb thermal energy, they will expand. Thus forcing apart general subatomic particles within the nuclear mass. The other unique property of the heat subatomic particle stream, is when crowded, they eject in a float based upon the exit velocity of all subatomic particles from the surface of the mass. Heat subatomic particles are ejected, as part of the solar wind. Lets examine the process at an extreme, which creates a solar flares on the surface of solar masses. Within a solar mass there are bubbles of energized heat subatomic particle absorption of pockets of mass rising from the inner core.

   As for solar flares, there are uneven pockets of heat subatomic particles and their affected segregated mass, which is forced out of the core of a solar mass. Compression surrounding the heat subatomic particle bubble and related mass expands and rises towards the surface, due to its low density to the surrounding mass. Once the bubble nears the surface, compression falters, due to a lower gravitational force applied to the surface of the containment bubble compared to the inner core. As containment pressure is reduced exponentially, as the bubble moves towards the surface. There reaches a point to where failure with an internal breach of the bubble, takes on the path of least resistance. Once near the surface of a solar mass, the path of the subatomic heat bubble due to varying degrees of density of surface mass, does vary from a direct exit for the plume to exit in an outward burst. With a lean that is dependent upon the incoming gravitation subatomic float back towards, the inner core of the solar mass. The flare can curve back towards the solar massís surface. A direct outward flare, which bursts from the surface and then collapses upon itself due to gravitational subatomic particle flow. Is such the behavior of stellar flares.

   The process of heat subatomic particles is about a transfer of energy from a source, which radiates excess heat subatomic particles to be absorbed by another mass. The process which one is observing, is an affect of a solar mass, to maintain a balance within the solar mass, through a transfer of heat subatomic particles. There is a general draft of heat subatomic particles with an energy level at or near the ambient temperature of the local spatial area into a heat source. What makes the heat subatomic particle unique, it is only a carrier of energy and dependant upon the outflow draft. When a heat subatomic particle is absorbed by another mass, there is an equalization process in place. It is here a mass can absorb a vast field of heat subatomic particles until the thermal energy inbound is exceeded by the outbound heat subatomic particle flow. There is a bounce back for the incoming heat subatomic particles due to density of the outbound flow. There is no interaction with the target mass. And the inbound heat subatomic particles just reflect back into the local spatial area.

   Heat subatomic particles when absorbed in moderation by any mass, provides a source of energy and with organic matter such as a sentient life form, comfort. Compression of the spatial area between the atoms also increases, as the expansion of heat subatomic particles due to crowding. As a side function the heat subatomic particle stream energizes the subatomic particles related to light. We will now review the transfer process related to heat subatomic particle streams.

   On the other side of the equation, the heat subatomic particle flow transfer rate is a series of functions. Primarily from one source is intensity, density of the particle stream, ejection rate and distance from the emitting mass. At the mass on the receiving side is heat subatomic particle absorption, which is based upon density of the mass, total surface area, angle of incidence and reflectivity of the mass. All of these properties and most applications are already known to mankind, as again here no surprises. So what applications can be used by understanding the principles of the heat subatomic stream?

   By flooding a mass with heat subatomic particles of the ambient temperature one can overwhelm the mass at the atomic level reversing the process and force out the intense heat sub atomic particles reducing the temperature of the total mass. From a military standpoint all frictional points can be controlled. On a general standpoint one greatly reduces the time to control fires. The most dangerous use of the heat subatomic particle stream is phasing of the outgoing stream.

   Phasing of the heat subatomic stream is one of the easiest subatomic particle streams to manipulate due to its longer wavelength. By phasing multiple sources and reinforcing the heat subatomic particle flow, one can create a unique type of a disintegration beam. The resultant energy applied to any mass is vaporization of molecular bonds at the atomic level. Now this could be used for good, but if used for evil, those who hope to gain, will be taken from earth. The goal is to negate any advantage of the use of large numbers of men and materials in a war. There are many sub processes that scientists needs to reach, as little specifics will be given here. Detail will be given in applications, astronomy 103.


Magnetic Subatomic Particle Flow and its Related Fields


   As we start to cover the flow of magnetic subatomic particles and field creation, we need to address how these streams organize within a mass. Which at first in some aspects, parallels mankindís knowledge and then new parameters are added that controls expulsion magnetic subatomic particles from the atomic core, its shared streams and return, thus needed for field creation. Yes, there is basic knowledge in place, but we will expand on the current theories for a deeper understanding. Mankind is familiar with the result of a magnetic field, but has no clue to its creation within the atomic structure.

   What one will begin to understand as one lets go of established astrophysics, then mind is free to expand. With an open mind wiped of preconceptions of general physics, one can visualize the general subatomic particle stream that passes through the nucleus of the atom in a layered fashion. Which is composed of many subatomic particle streams. This was the basis of Einsteinís uncompleted Unified Field Theory, as all major subatomic particle streams, magnetic, gravity, nuclear binding, and heat shared a common flow through the nucleus of the atom. We will address the Unified Field Theory in detail in astronomy 102.

   A magnetic subatomic particle flow is not a basic inherent flow for all atomic structures, but develops due to certain properties and principles within a collective mass. One again may ask, if the electron subatomic particle flow passes also through the nucleus, why does this not initiate a magnetic field, as an affect due to the passing through the nucleus for all elements? This is a great question.

   The subatomic particle flow related to the electron flow, has a distinct primary function, which is to balance the total charge within the nucleus of the atom. Thus maintaining the cohesive neutral charge for mass containment of the nucleus. Any imbalance would force the atomic nucleus at key points to shed or add to the electron stream, thus causing a transmutation of the element associated with a release or absorption of energy.

   A magnetic related subatomic particle flow is a build up of excess stripped electron sub atomic particles, released by turbulence, due to pressure differentials or shifting charges within a mass. This process is augmented by the availability ferrous elements, which would reside at the center of stellar or planetary masses. With this basis, the proportional amount or percentage of ferrous material within the core in relation to the total mass of the stellar or planetary object is the determinant of independent field creation or a pass through. So what is meant by a pass through?

   A past through only applies to planetary objects in a solar system. One may ask why, and there is an answer. In order for a planetary object to receive a magnetic pass through flow, the dominant stellar object must have an active magnetic field, which transverses all planetary objects within its gravitational orbital grab. In gas planets, the limited ferrous composition of the planetary rocky core to mass of a gas planet only allows the magnetic field to expand below the planetary surface. So instead of the poles aligning with the Sun, the weak magnetic signature flips the internal planetary core. Where the south pole of gas planet are in place, to be an attractant of magnetic subatomic particles related to the SunĎs north pole. On the opposite pole the magnetic subatomic particle stream exits the north pole of the gas planet and flows into the south pole of the Sunís. So letís consider what happens when the planetary magnetic field extends far past the planetary surface.

   The magnetic field of any object within a galaxy aligns with its core in reverse. Those objects without an outside field respond to the local stellar object in reverse, but counter to the galactic alignment. The local stellar object has a greater influence over the flow of magnetic subatomic particle flow on an external field than the influence of a galactic core. On a local level the fields align.


Constant Motion in the Universe


   There is a plan for the universe. To where all facets of subatomic particle movement are a part of each other processes on a mass level and the rules of behavior reinforce each other. They do not change, but are uniform for the black holes down to the smallest subatomic particle. Movement is organized and this is Godís plan. Before one pushes back, one does not know. I know without a doubt. Knowledge of the inner workings of the universe comes from one Teacher, the highest power who created it and his helpers that dispense His knowledge. Please do not ask. Now one can shut down and ignore the gift that is being given to mankind or just let a seed be planted. Time will tell, if it withers or grows. That is a choice to be made. So lets address constant movement in the general and parallel universes.

   I will repeat, that the universe has always existed. It regenerates like life itself. There are deaths of planets, when absorbed by stellar objects nearing end of life. There are the deaths of galaxies, when the black hole has absorbed all matter within the spatial influence, govern by the push back of the repulsion force.

   When a black hole transmutes to its release phase (explodes), it is a rejuvenation of that local part of the spatial universe. Just as the cycle of life goes on in nature at the planetary level. This same principle applies to the universe and its parallel levels. But it is the motion of the basic subatomic particle flows, which makes the organization on a grand level possible. The principles of gravitational attraction and repulsion are the basis for universal motion. But there are other overlapping layers influence, which control universal subatomic particle flow and local spatial density.

   First, where there is a constant flow escaping a crowded spatial area, which creates pressure or clumping causing particles to move away. Thus initiating motion naturally to a low density area for equalization and the cycle repeats as compression begins again. Second would be motion initialized by thermal energy and motion resulting from the transfer of that energy due to heat subatomic particle movement. Third overlapping flow is still unknown to most of human science, is the vibrational energy of the atomic structure, which controls movement of mass between the various densities or parallel universes.

   Volatility in movement follows the same principles scientists observe on earth. Where the largest change of differentials within spatial density over the lowest spatial distance, creates the most violent subatomic particle flows. The general rules of particle movement on earth and the solar system, also apply to the universe. We have established motion, which flows about the universal spatial areas, are due to a charge or density void differentials. So how does this work with an overlapping parallel universe? One will need to review the frequency of an atom, presented later in astronomy 102, as a refresher going forward.

   We will examine a somewhat rare occurrence on earth, to explain how elevated matter (the atomic structureís vibrational frequency) from the next level up, transmutes down to our universal plane. Then on the opposite side when matter of earth transmutes up to a elevated universal spatial area, which we will call a 4th density from our 3rd density world is really simplistic, but amazingly cool. So a simple example one can understand, as a basic blueprint of interflows of matter between parallel universes.

   As scientists, I have explained that a parallel universe is based on the vibrational frequency of the atomic structure. If one needs to review the atomic structure, the first topic in Astronomy 102 now before moving on. We will use water as a base example for a 4th density parallel universe. The subatomic particle stream which affects the base atomic structure in parts of the next spatial density above ours, is rarified.

   A representation of a universal spatial parallel area in this example is composed of water. The vibrational frequency affecting the water molecule, is related to temperature variants. Not all water can maintain a steady state of a liquid state, by losing or gaining in temperature, the water molecule transmutes to ice or a gas in certain areas of universal spatial zone. So how does that explain 4th density and movement of matter to the spatial universes above and below ambient spatial area?

   Particle movement between parallel universes, which overlap each over within the same universal spatial area, is somewhat complex. As the atomic structure either loses or gains vibrational frequency related to the total connected mass residing in 4th density. Fourth density is used as a base because matter can shift up or down. With a drop in frequency invokes a transmutation of mass, at the crossover barrier to materialize in our third density universe through a temporary portal. When irradiated by vibrational subatomic particle field, the mass jumps up to a new level. This natural occurrence controls movement of mass between parallel universes. If the universal spatial coordinates are static in position at the time of de or re-materialization, they remain the same in both universes.

   When extreme gravitational compression is applied to the stellar objects, there are vibrational subatomic particles that seep through the surface of a neutron star on a whole scale level. Where events that may appear as accretion or absorption of planetary or other masses, in reality are shifted to a new density. All matter within the vibrational field is bathed by the excess subatomic particles, which are squeezed out instead of being pushed out due to a flow. The atomic structure elevates to the next parallel universal spatial area 4th density for our universe only. Other universal spatial areas just move up to the next significant level like 5th to 6th. This process occurs in all universal spatial areas except our universe, where all portals only elevate mass, as this is a base universal spatial area. On earth this process also occurs where the crust under goes compression. More details provided in Bermuda Triangle in astronomy 102.

   So in conclusion the universal spatial areas share the properties velocity created local big bangs, attraction and repulsion due to the gravity subatomic particle flow, movement from high density to low density spatial areas, motion due to heat or its absence, conservation of momentum, natural subatomic particle flow and the shifting of matter between universal spatial areas (parallel universes) due a gain or loss of the vibrational frequency within the atomic structure.


Unified Field Theory


   Einstein postulated there was a theory or set of theories, which would explain the general forces of gravity, magnetism, nuclear, and subatomic particle movement with their interactions as all part of the Unified Field Theory. What he did get correct, that there is a common thread, which field forces and sub atomic particle interaction of all matter in the universe have a shared stream pathway within the atomic structure. What he got wrong, was that the different subatomic particles streams, create their own separate fields with properties and affects, which do not align with each other, yet overlap the same spatial area outside of the atomic structure. The current problem with establishing a Unified Field Theory, which would explain the interactions with shared subatomic particle streams and related fields, is that the current theories in astrophysics are flawed. As one theory is presented, exceptions have to be made to allow others to work. This the major issue in the present day field of astrophysics, as new information and theories use this same flawed base.

   Those working in secrecy for the US Government allow scientists to move along with current theories, which they know, for the most part are wrong in their explanations. But, they also can not offer a current explanation either. Gravity may seem to be a weak force, but it only appears that way. When gravitational subatomic particles are in a natural dispersed field, away from a mass creating a defined gravitational flow towards the mass, random motion of the gravitational subatomic particles applies a force upon a mass from all directions, during the subatomic particle pass through flow. More details are in Gravitational subatomic particles in astronomy 102. Thus a cumulative force applied to a mass from all 3600 degree spherical incoming angles, approaches a neutral balance and the object floats about the universal spatial area. Although, when organized and subatomic particle movement is phased aligned, this same gravitational force can crush a star. The nuclear force is strong, but can be destabilized by simply affecting the flow electron subatomic particle stream through the atomic structure or nucleus. So lets go over some concepts, which will bring one closer formulating a partially true Unified Field Theory (UFT).

   The first and primary property in field creation is, that it is based on a naturally created imbalance in subatomic particle flow within the atomic structure, either by voids, pressure or polarization, thus expanding those properties to mass itself. Thus creating a flow from high pressure areas to low density or a charged particle moves to a ground. This is the basis of motion in the universe, as a determinate for field creation. The second property is the subatomic particles that flows through the nucleus and its polar ends is shared. It is the electron subatomic particle streams, magnetic subatomic particle streams, the weak repulsion subatomic particle streams and the subatomic particle stream that controls the frequency of the atom (covered later in astronomy 102), which are prime and all using the pathway along the rotational axis. On a secondary nature subatomic particles related to magnetism, share the same stream when available due to turbulence and electron subatomic particle stripping.

   The motion of these subatomic particle streams are based on the same principles and share the same space within the nucleus. Thus would fulfill some of the same principles, which Einstein was looking for when he first presented the concepts of a Unified Field Theory. There are many more field functions, which are present in the atomic nucleus. Some are intense and will be presented at a later time in a different paper or the applications phase astronomy 103 of this paper. All of this based upon the future needs of mankind.

   Einstein was close to understanding some basic concepts, but would have not solved the problems needed to complete the Unified Field Theory. As the solution was a common shared pathway through the atomic structure and spatial area of overlapping particle based fields, as opposed to all emitted specialized subatomic particle streams are part of common based unified field. almost all theories involving the universe from present day astrophysicists are flawed. Again it was his theory of E=MC2 that propelled a group of scientists into the nuclear age. What happened is that he made a choice, after being a consultant of development team responsible for the atomic weapon, where he would not to reveal additional knowledge of how subatomic particle streams interact within the same space and affect the nucleus. He still was under the impression the electron stream revolved around the nucleus and the research would have not reveal any new great discoveries.


The Subatomic Particle Stream that Controls the Frequency of the Atom:

Atomic Vibrational Frequency & Parallel Universes


   We will now cover a unique subatomic particle stream within the nucleus, which controls the vibrational rate of the atom. The black projects of this government presently has great interest in. The subatomic particle of this particular flow is responsible for the vibrational frequency of the nucleus or refresh rate and the universal spatial area that the mass resides in.

   In the our universe there is a base frequency, which most matter exists at. It defines the spatial area matter due to spacing subatomic particles at the atomic level. The spatial medium or its density would dictate maximum velocities of subatomic particle movement, as they are not a constant in other parallel universes. The other important factor is the passage of time. All of these factors can be altered by increasing the subatomic particle flow, which controls the frequency of base matter.

   The subatomic vibrational stream shares the same pathways, as the subatomic particle streams related to the electron subatomic particle stream, the potential and realized subatomic particle stream related to magnetic field creation. For a review, refer back to the Creation of Planetary, Stellar and Black Hole Magnetic Fields in astronomy 101. The polar points are the paths of least resistance for some particle flows on both sides expulsion and inflow of other subatomic particle streams about an atom. This subatomic vibrational particle stream is in a natural flow, which maintains stability of the atomic structure within this universal plane. We will address changes in the density of the vibrational subatomic particle stream, which affects the refresh rate of the nucleus or its level of vibration, that determines where the atom resides in the realm of parallel universes. The universal plane which the earth resides in, has the lowest vibrational frequency in the universe and shares this level with what one calls hell, the bowels of the inner earth, still unknown to most of mankind.

   Density shifting is initialized naturally by gravitational compression of matter or artificially by an induced strong magnetic field, which affects the combined subatomic particle of vibrational, electron or magnetic flow occupying the same space. It is increased combine density of the steam, due to compression of the stream flowing through the nucleus, which is responsible for the acceleration of the refresh cycle within the atom. So how does the function vibrational subatomic particles differ from heat subatomic particle streams?

   The affects of heat subatomic particle streams separate components of the nucleus and their subatomic particles by crowding pressure, which is countered by nuclear binding subatomic particle streams and the thermal overload is emitted as an outward float of heat related subatomic particle streams. When the atomic structure is overloaded with a field of vibrational subatomic particles, the affected mass transmutes to a higher states of matter, like moving from a solid state to liquid, gas or elevated plasma state, which is different state of gas, where electron related subatomic particle streams are stripped giving the gas an unbalanced charged status.

   With a vibrational subatomic particle stream, it affects the refresh rate or frequency cycle of any atomic structure. This affects the elemental level of the mass and its plane of existence. As opposed to heat subatomic particles, which affects the expansion or contraction the elemental atomic structure and the transfer of thermal energy. Lets dig deeper into the affects a vibrational subatomic particle stream and the changes to any mass at the atomic level.

   The vibrational or harmonic rate of atomic nucleus controls three key factors within the universal plane or the visible universe. The first is the base state of existence for matter and its spatial density, which is not static and can vary in this universal plane. Second, it sets the velocity of subatomic particle streams (light) through the spatial medium, one calls outer space, which has a defined density established by the unified harmonic rate of the atomic nuclear structure. The third is the passage of time, which is based on the universal cycle to complete set group of wavelengths with particle movement.

   Lets address each of the three factors, which are affected by density shifting or increasing the harmonic rate of the atomic nucleus. After the three subjects are discussed, we will address, how shifting occurs in a natural form, then how to create an artificial shift. Last, we will address how the government failed with their density shifting experiments (Philadelphia Experiment and others still classified) and why.

   It was stated, that there is a base subatomic vibrational stream within the nucleus of the atomic structure, which sets a harmonic frequency or refresh rate of the nucleus across the universal plane. What is meant by that, is that all matter in this visible universe, has a base frequency for all matter and their various physical states. The key here is the symbiotic relationship between the electron subatomic particle stream and the vibrational subatomic particle stream. As electron subatomic particle stream increases to bring stability to the atomic structure, due to an atomic nuclear mass increase from the fusion process occurring within the inner core of a star, thus creating new elements, there is an equivalent corresponding compression of the vibrational subatomic stream additional flow, to maintain what seems to be a static harmonic rate of the atomic structure and its refresh rate. As mass now becomes a secondary factor in the equation of vibrational subatomic particle flow. We shall look into the nuclear core and how the vibrational subatomic particle stream exits and reenters the core as a refresh cycle.

   With compression the greater the harmonic rate is needed to maintain stability on a universal plane. This is a given in our universe, but not known to almost all of the scientists. Those who do know hardly see the light of day, but they agreed to their paid captivity in order to research that, which only an act of God could reveal to mankind. They make money, but they will never spend it.

   The vibrational subatomic stream is based upon the shared electron subatomic particle stream. All is normal if mass increases coupled with an electron subatomic stream increase, the vibrational subatomic particle stream, the harmonic rate with in the nucleus remains the same through absorption on this universal plane. Compression pushes out the vibrational subatomic particle streams at a shorter frequency. The vibrational subatomic stream does propagate much outside of the realm of the nucleus. It is a tight loop and is not shared with other nuclei, unless forced out by an outside force.

   As one can increase subatomic particles related to the atomic vibrational frequency, the density of the affected matter spreads spatially from their base density. This continues to occur until the elevated atomic vibrational frequency is not supported in our universal spatial area and the affected matter jumps to the elevated base frequency of the next density level or parallel universe. Where properties of matter, subatomic particle movement, spatial density and the passage of time changes. Universes occupying the same overlapping spatial area, but vibrating at higher frequencies. Each level is a quantum level in spatial expansion, increased subatomic particle velocities and passage of time slows as a reverse function of the new particle velocities far greater differentials to our base density or universe.

   One may ask, how many upper levels of parallel universes harbor physical sentient life? Several, but the extreme upper densities are used for interstellar travel only, as higher light form beings do not require a planet or atmosphere to exist and the greatest universes to perform service are ours and the next level up. The highest level is where, the Almighty God the Father resides. What would be some of the major biological differences, which scientists would see upon first examination of a being based in 4th density?

   When first examined it was the bone structure, which baffled scientists. With density levels much lighter in the next level up, atomic structural separation was greater in the molecular makeup of the bone tissue. Greater lateral strength due to molecular interlacing, thus decreased breakage. Biological mass is lighter for the same cubic spatial area. Circulatory system is different, but recognizable and what would be considered a heart, has to work harder in our universe. The key upgrades to bodies is in the senses, as subatomic particles with accelerated velocities related to light, brain waves, sound are expanded. So lets examine some of these improvements.

   With the increased velocities related to the passage of light, the frequency spectrum expands vastly to thousands of colors unknown to mankind. For most sentient beings and related animal life at the next level, larger eyes are needed to see the expanded spectrum. Although the size of the eyes are increased at the next level, as the biological functions of a being are vastly improve and their senses fine tuned. Their skin absorbs and reflects light back in certain spectrums, only our eyes can not differentiate the color, so to our eyes only see grey.

   Another key aspect of next level biologics is the ability to focus on brain wave frequencies of thought and the disruption subatomic particle flow. This has been mastered by a select group of humans in the present density or universe, but is a normal function on the next level. Some are aware of telepathy, which is where the recipient receives the spoken word and associated thoughts faster than can be naturally spoken. The danger is with newcomers, as they can not discern the purpose of the source of messaging, which can be for good or evil (those voices in the head). Be careful of what one may ask for. As for moving objects with the mind, it is about focus. Disruption of the flow of subatomic particles on the opposite side the object one wants to move directional With telekinesis disrupt the gravitational subatomic flow from above moving towards the center of the earth and the object will float in a some what static position. With hearing it is acute, such as stress in rocks can be discerned similar the many forms of life on earth.

   This vibrational subatomic particle flow affects matter to initiate Density Shifting and brings stability to parallel universes. The Philadelphia Experiment still is unknown to general academia, but known within closed circles of need to know scientists, who never see the light of day working under black projects. They only wish the truth could be revealed. So how does the subatomic particle stream control the vibrational rate of the atomic nucleus?

   All matter that exists in this universe and all other parallel universe have a base frequency. Where all laws that determine the physical existence of matter and related subatomic particle stream flows stabilize. This is no different in principle than H2O stabilizing at low molecular activity level as ice, add heat (i.e. vibrational subatomic particle stream) once above 0o C the properties of water change, as the molecular structure vibrates at a higher frequency. This would represent the next level parallel universe.

   The vibrational subatomic particle stream is inherent across all matter in all universes, but the difference is the base level. There is a threshold break, to where the next universe exists on a different physical plane, but occupies the same overlapping spatial area. Rare instances occur, when a particular area of the earthís crust under goes compression and naturally releases vibrational subatomic particles, which bathes other matter. The affects are startling. At first, the affected mass shifts from solid physical state to a ghost like transparent mass with properties unseen on earth or within our universal plane. Any military which has control of this technology, would have a distinct advantage. First with the correct addition of vibrational subatomic saturation to the affected mass, one can pass through solid walls. The senses will become more acute. During sleep, one can slow down the aging process. All this achieved while in a state of transmutation between the parallel universes.

   The key aspect with density shifting is the advantage of extreme space travel. Which is possible, as one elevates through the density levels of parallel universes. The velocity of travel does approach a hyperbolic curve. To where the velocity of subatomic particle flow are 10s of thousands times faster than our universe several density levels up. So flight time to any part of our galaxy would be under 2 years by shifting up in density travel and then shift down at the new location. This of course requires gravity assisted ships, which will achieve velocities near light speed of the ambient parallel universe. Shift another level up and Andromeda is within reach. This is the future of space travel, but explore home first, the Milky Way. This technology would also be the basis for stationary portals.


Density Shifting


   Shifting between parallel universes is filled with dangers for a civilization like earth. The complexities to elevate the atomic structure, requires a vibrational subatomic particle field with a uniform saturation density per defined area, to excite atoms of the target mass to shift. Compression of matter creates variable areas of increased density or voids of vibrational subatomic particle fields, with constant motion between the areas of subatomic particles being squeezed. The algorithms needed to predict the interrelated flows, between the variances of subatomic particle density in a 3 dimensional spatial format, which also considers bounce back forces and their related ripples, will be challenging. The alternative is to freeze molecular motion, before invoking the transmutation of matter between the parallel universes.

   Secondarily the saturation level must achieve a matter absorption level, where the atomic structure is stable and not in a transitory state, which is subject to wild fluctuations of the affected matter. All matter in the universe contains subatomic particles, which controls the vibrational frequency of the atomic structure and dependent upon that frequency level, determines the resident density or parallel universe. So lets examine the inverse of the matter saturation process (dropping down a density level).

   When moving to a lower density, which is not possible on earth (earth resides in the lowest density level of the universe). The process would be to lower the vibrational frequency of the total mass within a defined area, but moving away from any mass, which would affect the process. This is where, one needs to control the flow of gravitational subatomic particles. As they do not change their properties or behavior across all densities or parallel universes, only their velocity through more rarified spatial densities (the less resistance in the universal spatial area, the greater ambient subatomic particle stream moves in relation to velocity). C (velocity of light) is a variable when comparing relative velocities in universal spatial areas or densities.

   One will need 2 or more high density masses. One for drainage of vibrational subatomic particles and the other to transfer to and store, surrounded by an intense gravitational field to prevent leakage. So if we start the process, the primary mass is put under gravitational compression and the subatomic particles for vibrational frequency are removed in stages. There is a transference to the secondary mass or masses for storage, but the mass is large and dense enough, to be saturated and not shift under an intense gravitational field. This is to prevent leakage of the subatomic particles, related to vibrational frequency of the atomic structure. The natural void created in the primary mass starts an artificial flow of all vibrational subatomic particles within the established zone. Equalization occurs, as vibrational subatomic particles stream into the primary mass lowering the overall vibrational frequency of the entire mass and reaching the crossover barrier. The entire mass transmutes down, related to the 3rd density spatial universe. Next the process to elevate the mass back to 4th density. But, first the added action needed prevent matter contamination during the transmutation process.

   The simplistic way to prevent inter molecular contamination is to use an expanding outgoing repulsive gravitational field (principles of the repulsive subatomic particle covered in detail in astronomy 102) pushing out molecular matter especially organic, as the target mass materializes within same swept area. Almost always, density shifting up and down is executed in the universal spatial area void of mass, which would avoid an unwanted merger with a mass reappearing in a specific area during transmuting phase. Now there are rumors of the ability to freeze molecular motion, not based upon temperature, without damage to organic matter, which is currently beyond my knowledge. But, how does this process prevent intermingling of mass, when the host matter reintegrates in the target ambient spatial area, even though motion is frozen? A key question to come back to and examine the process in the future.

   In order to shift up to a higher density is simple. Remove the gravitational containment field from around the storage mass of vibrational subatomic particles in quick stages. The resultant vibrational subatomic particle field equalizes within the expanded spatial area. Saturating the target mass, thus forcing all mass to transmute pass the crossover barrier and then stabilize in 4th density. Does density shifting occur on earth naturally and if so where? This will be covered in our next topic, the Bermuda Triangle.


The Bermuda Triangle


   The Bermuda Triangle is a unique area on earth, but is not the only area, where random small areas of the earthís crust allows transmission of vibrational subatomic particles to transmute matter to a higher density, when irradiated by a released dense subatomic particle field. Lets address, why this is occurring in this area and what process within the crust creates this occurrence? Finally, lets address what happens to any mass caught in a random vibrational subatomic particle field, and provide answers to the fate of Flight 19.

   Currently the area off the coast of the southeastern portion of the United States is expanding or stretched from the east coast towards the Mid Atlantic rift, while the North American continent is shifting southwest. So what does this mean to the common man?

   The crust below the sea floor in the area of the Bermuda Triangle is thinner than the surrounding general area. This is the first requirement for transmission of dense streams of subatomic particles in a relative vibrational field, which is key to elevating the natural frequency of the atomic structure in this universal plane. As re-absorption due to the thick crust creates an oscillation of matter, limited to partial shifting, internally changing the local mass within the crust shifting the frequency up on absorption and then back down with dispersal, but not observed or detected by mankind and his instruments on the surface.

   The secondary process within the crust is matter compression, which is on the increase. This is direct result of the Atlantic basin expansion and the eastern portion of the North American plate moving to the southeast. With compression and an artificially induced increase of density of matter, the vibrational related subatomic particles are released (squeezed out due to a reduction of spatial area) from the atomic structure. These same vibrational subatomic particles bathe the local area mostly atmospheric molecules, which are excited, but do not shift due to the low density of our atmosphere and diffusion. When the atmospheric molecules shed their excess vibrational subatomic particles there is a release of energy related to the green neon like end of light spectrum in a wave format that varies. This what is behind the wafting images of the atmosphere and is dependent upon local atmospheric conditions. So with that knowledge what happen to Flight 19?

   Flight 19 was in the wrong place at the right time. The subatomic squeeze within the crust was slow at first. This is why their instruments responded wildly. The flow of magnetic subatomic particles, which shifting has the greatest affect on ambient subatomic natural flows, are the first to stray. As the universal spatial fields of 3rd and increasing 4th field densities intermix, they provided no visual or instrument point of true reference. The vibrational subatomic particle flow diffusion into atmospheric field increases and it is still well below the level, needed to transmute mass to the next density. But there are now visual changes, elevated matter becomes translucent and has the ability to pass through mass, while still vibrating on the physical properties associated with our present 3rd density spatial universe. An interesting feature, although the process has a dark side of unwanted fusion with other matter upon its return. As subatomic particle saturation decreases for the affected matter during reintegration to its original level of 3rd density, there is a danger in our universal spatial area, if it is occupied.

   Flight 19 on routine patrol and training mission was flying towards a breach in the crust, unknown to the pilots and radar operators tracking the group. The breach due to a slight shift in the underwater seabed, allowed an unimpeded crack in the crust to leak vast amounts of vibrational subatomic particles. Thus, setting up a dense saturation field above the crack, which diffused into the atmosphere. Had this happened at night, there would have been an eerie glow wafting above the oceanís surface and the planes would turned around. But the intensity of the daytime sunlight hid this.

   The flight path upon entry to the field, passed directly over the seabed anomaly. The vibrational subatomic field intensity reached the saturation point of matter and all planes shifted into 4th density. The world that they saw, was absent of all visible life. The view into the skies revealed wild auroras, vibrant nebulas, as if one could touch them. A universe filled with fewer stars and the dim sun shifting constantly from deep orange to red, which was not ours. They could feel heat, but not notice any points of concentration on their facial skin. It was the strangest thing. What surprised them, was a breathable atmosphere, which also offered flight. But lift diminished with an increase in altitude as they flew, the atmosphere in 4th density is thinner by design.

   Gas supplies for the planes and carried over momentum related to their velocity during the density switch, was their doom. Laws in the 4th density allowed a greater velocity than on earth (One can review particle movement in astronomy 102), but more important, there was a great shift in position, when the flight encountered transmutation or reintegration back to 3rd density. They crashed before re-materialization and are in an area that is deep within our planetary crust. This why most ships and planes will never be found. The distance traveled in the 4th density, shifts greatly upon shifting back to our universe from the point of origin. One cannot find a ship plane, if upon re-materialization shares the same spatial point of the deep seabed.


The Concept of Energy


   The concept of energy will surprise mankind, as it is not the transmutation of matter to energy, that primarily is the key. But, it is the release of energy needed to bind the atomic structure on the nuclear level. Secondarily, it is the molecular bonds broken in the general day to day interactions on a physical level, but the general mass remains. As the form of general matter may change through a breakdown of the molecular structure. Does not the basic chemical equations reveal this and remain balanced? Yet the original mass is intact, but transmuted and energy is released. So lets examine, this new concept of energy in relation to the atomic or molecular structures and break it down, to where the common man would understand.

   Before we begin, there are few parameters, which need to be established. Mankindís law that matter can not be created or destroyed, just transmuted and this is true. Second, that chemical equations do balance. In this proof, we will use common hydrogen and oxygen atoms in there natural form. If hydrogen hits an ignition point and it combines with oxygen, there will be a great release of energy. This is science 101 and the process is well known to mankind ie. Hindenburg Disaster.

   In the general equation of two hydrogen atoms with a designated relative mass assigned as 1 and oxygen at 16, the equation balances with a relative mass of 18 for a molecule of water. Everyone can agree that the equation does balance according to current standards in chemistry. The key here is that with the transmutation of matter the total mass on both sides of the equation is equal. We can all agree to that. We can also agree, with a spark a great amount of energy is released, when hydrogen and oxygen in there pure forms, fuse creating water. Reversing the process, energy can be used in an electrical form to separate the original atoms of hydrogen and oxygen back to its original form. So lets conclude this proof.

   The experiment shows that if hydrogen and oxygen combine from a small spark, a great amount of energy is released. Although the mass on both sides of the equation does not change. We can conclude, that in a release of energy and atoms transmute on a molecular level, the mass is still equal on both sides of the equation and M is a constant. So if Energy is released with mass as a constant and one can multiply by another constant, the resultant is that an equation using those two constants would remain equal. M a variant remains the same after energy is released, how can this be? So what does this mean?

   One of the most revered equations, E=MC2 is invalid. As there are 2 different levels of energy released by a mass, one at the molecular level and the other at the nuclear level. Energy is created, but the mass does not change, during what one can think is transmutation. With the introduction of electrical energy to water, does the mass of the combined mass of the hydrogen and oxygen, change from the initial mass of the water? It does not. Energy does not transmute to mass and mass does not transmute to energy. So lets dig down to a new level of examination and analyze what is energy.

   To understand energy, one has to reexamine, what one observes from a different point of view. The concept of energy as doing work is correct. The equations are wrong. Currently, if one evaluates the variable, designated as M (mass) in the equation of E=MC2, to where M for mass is at rest, then transmutes to energy. In order for an equation of this type to be valid, it must work both ways in the universe. So does the introduction of energy divided by C2 creates mass, which is matter. No, as one of the tenets of astrophysics is that, matter can not be created or destroyed. This conclusion is no different than scientists once regarding dirt or water as an element. Lets re-evaluate the same energy to matter equation at the micro level, instead the macro version one has in books. Skip energy stored in molecular bonds, as that is to easy to explain and verify, lets examine the atomic structure itself, at the nuclear level of bonding as a source of energy.

   When there is a release of energy from the atomic structure, an imbalance has been created naturally or by design in the subatomic particle flow, which binds the nucleus. The basic particles in the atomic structure are balanced or has a slight charge, but again one is not looking at the binding subatomic particle flows correctly. So what is meant by that statement?

   Subatomic binding particle flows have a different behavioral pattern, in that the sinusoidal flow reflects the overall differential of the total charge, carried by a stream through the subatomic particle groupings representing protons and neutrons. It is these binding subatomic particle flows, that is responsible for stabilization of the basic units, which makeup the atomic structure. But a secondary overlay subatomic particle flow is needed, to counter the repulsive charges. Which are based in the individual units with a positive charge to stabilize the nucleus. The overlying electron related subatomic particle stream is needed to stabilize the total of mass of the neutral and positive units. If one was to visualize this electron subatomic particle stream, imagine a series of overlapping tubes, each tube related to the perception of an electron ring. This is how the electron subatomic particle stream flows through and stabilizes the nucleus. It is the gaps in the outer tube, which allows molecular unification with other atomic structures. Lets break down the subatomic particle flow, that balances individual units of protons and neutrons.

   In the nucleus of the atomic structure, the charge to an individual unit changes, not the mass itself. What is meant by that statement? The proton and neutron units are almost exactly the same in subatomic particle makeup. The primary difference is the charge. The sinusoidal subatomic particle stream differs from how one can measure charge on the atomic level. Normally the charge is related to the amplitude of the wave, but at the atomic level it is the differential between the two opposite peaks. Peaks of 1000 which is the base and the charged peak at 1001 is a massive subatomic particle flow as an example. But, it has a simple charge variation of one off of neutral. For a neutron the subatomic binding flow is balanced, 1000 to 1000 between the peaks in a wave format.

   The numbers used for protons an neutron are arbitrary, only to point out a differential, as an example for reference. The larger the mass, the greater the primary flow is needed to balance the units within the nucleus. Also a greater secondary overlay electron subatomic particle stream flowing through the nucleus is needed to balance the overall atomic structure to support an increase in mass and its overall related charge.

   It is the disruption of these binding subatomic particle flows when released, create the vast amount energy from a mass. It is the subatomic particle flowing with extreme amplitudes related to heat, light, magnetic and gravitational flows, that are released. It is not the conversion of matter, which is still present, but separated from the initial mass, because of lost binding flows. This energy is not lost, again it is reabsorbed by the universal spatial area and eventually transferred to another mass. This is the universal process.


Gamma Ray Bursts


   Inside the nucleus there are many unique subatomic particle streams, almost all unknown to mankind, each controlling the many principles of an atom and its properties. So how does the vibrational harmonic frequency affect the velocity of subatomic particle streams like light? It is the harmonic atomic frequency that sets the base to which, all subatomic particle streams initial velocity through a universal spatial area. This would be the basis for the Unified Field Theory. Although, the secondary factor, the medium spatial area to which a light subatomic particle stream flows through. So how can this model explain what happens within a black hole, which emits gamma ray bursts?

   Within the spatial area of a black hole, the surrounding medium or density is extreme, due to incoming gravitational compression, thus affecting the outgoing velocity of a light subatomic particle streams. The light related subatomic particle streams may be emitted at the base velocity for the universal plane, but when they encounter the dense medium, forward motion stops and then is reflected back. How would this look? Light subatomic particle streams travel in straight lines away from the center of the Black hole by design. This due to the medium only allowing almost straight subatomic particle stream paths from its center escaping pressure. It is the path of least resistance due to the many parallel paths adjacent streams are transversing. The flow of light subatomic particle continues to flow, but as forward momentum reverses and overlaps the original outgoing stream due to gravity. It is this back flow, which crowds the core under compression and the pressure build up migrating towards the polar exits, which surrounds the axis of the polar flows. As pressure builds there is the burst that breaks along the polar axis piercing the dense medium surrounding the black hole. The migration subatomic particles retreats back towards the core and the process repeats.

   Why gamma rays? Gamma rays has the shortest wavelength and their subatomic particle stream form easier than the other longer wavelengths, thus compose the greatest percentage of subatomic particles, escaping the polar regions of black holes. As mass of the black hole increases, the polar release is pinched. Thus eventually over time, it is this principle that sets off a galactic reset.




   The challenge with antimatter is not with if it exists, but where and how it exists in our universe. The first question which mankind has? Is there a parallel universe, which is compose almost totally of antimatter with a sprinkling of rogue galaxies, which is based upon the common current atomic structure? No, parallel universes are based upon the vibration of the atomic structure, which one was brief on previously. A reversal of charges for the general atomic structure for a galaxy separated by the repulsion force or basic subatomic particle units drifting about in the universal spatial area is a random event. The basic components of the atomic structure does not happen on a universal level. Look out at the observable universe, does one detect any galaxy or stellar system, which reveals antimatter signature?

   There are instances, on rare occasions where the charge on the atomic structure shifts from the emitter of the of the subatomic electron particle stream, at the north pole with its positive charge, to the electron subatomic particle stream reversing emission out of the south pole, with an elevated negative charge escaping the atomic core by design and crowding. Thus, the subatomic electron particle flows to the north pole as a base charge (what one would consider an electrical ground). This process also only occurs at the galactic level, but is dependent upon the buildup of charges within the dominant black hole, at the inception of the local big bang. So lets examine the formation of antimatter and how on a galactic level, it remains separate at a universal level with its random formation and resultant reactions with our general universe.

   A rare event in our universe will be used in the following example. There are two galactic systems collapsing into their respective black holes adjacent to each other, but the mass of the black holes are disproportional by design to each other. In their final form of equalization to where angular velocity is conserved, gravitational attraction and the repulsion force invokes a compromise of distance to each other accounting for magnetic attraction. Thus, the two masses initiates a binary orbit about each other as black holes. Details of the universal processes involving gravitational subatomic particles, the incoming float and the outgoing repulsion subatomic particles streams are covered in astronomy 102. This occurs along a universal time line, that is similar to a few hundred million years of earth time for this example. Although, comparable events with similar time lines, does vary about the universe. We will address more details on the concept of time, later in astronomy 102. What does become interesting, is the flow of charges between the black holes, while in a stable binary orbit before the local big bang. Lets examine the details.

   We will also address objects, which have shared magnetic fields, in the upcoming chapter, the color of the sun. One is now familiar with the repulsion force, which keeps universal objects apart, as gravity is its counter. If not, review the upcoming passages. This sets up a sequence of events, which initiates a gravitational dance, due to motion, that was also covered in, Constant Motion in the Universe, between all objects in the spatial universe including those, which are in the unseen parallel universes.

   When two black holes are in close proximity, a unified gravitational field develops between the secondary (less mass) black hole and the primary black hole mass. There is a wobble about the central rotational gravitational equalization point of the two black holes. The dominant gravitational force shifts the orbital equalization point towards the primary black hole mass. So lets delved down on the atomic level of each and examine every atom, as to how the basic nucleus takes on a dominant negative charge, to establish the flow of electrons in a reverse manner within the atomic core?

   Because of the gravitational proximity of the two blacks holes, they maintain a unified shared magnetic field. There is a magnetic subatomic particle stream, which flows out of the primary black holesí north pole to the south pole of secondary black hole, passes through and is ejected at the north pole, then flows to the south pole of the primary black hole. The basics on magnetic subatomic particle flow can be reviewed in Magnetic Subatomic Particle Flow and its Related Fields in astronomy 102. It is the pass through subatomic particle stream, that shifts the basic charge of the collective atomic structure, which composes the secondary black hole. So lets go into the specifics, as to why this occurs.

   As the magnetic subatomic particle flow saturates the secondary inner core of the black hole, the expulsion rate is faster than the inner core can replace the base charge. The base is suppose to be neutral with its own magnetic subatomic particle flow and its resultant field creation. With increased drain of charged subatomic particles related to the positive of neutral base, the charged core shifts to a neutral to negative. This shift within the central inner core of the secondary black hole reverses the flow of the electron subatomic particle stream to match the negatively charge inner core. The total mass of the atomic structure transmutes from positive to ground based charge to a negative to ground. Ground is the neutral, which occurs as the positively charged electron stream are pushed out of the core, circles around and is attracted by the base charged differential void at the south pole.

   With the atomic structure the subatomic particle stream related to the electron takes on a negative charge as it is emitted from the nucleus. One asks, how can the charge on the electron subatomic particle stream be positive under normal parameters? As the pass through electron subatomic particle stream moves away from neutral core, it adapts the charge at expulsion point the north pole designate on the atomic nucleus. Then reenters the atomic structure to charged differential and the core of the atomic structure returns to neutrality. The electron subatomic particle stream balances the charge on the atomic structure and is the basis for shared subatomic particle streams, which will dictate the parameters and characteristics of a molecular structure. For more details one can review the Atomic Structure 102. The north pole is still the emitter and the south pole the receiver of the subatomic particle flow. This is counter to current theories, where electron revolves around the atomic structure, instead of through it in the form of a subatomic particle stream.

   Yes, what we normally call protons, in antimatter they will be anti protons and neutrons, which are the same in antimatter or general matter except their charges. What is interesting, is that gravity and the repulsion force behave in a similar manner as in the general universe. Because, their subatomic particle movement is based density voids of all objects in the universe. For magnetic fields and their related magnetic subatomic particle flow, nothing changes but a negative particle flow emission towards a base charge receiver void. Antimatter or general matter behaviors of mass, gravity, motion and concepts remains the same, except charges are reversed. So one asks, how can a galaxy like the example of the secondary black hole come into existence and interact with the general universe without total annihilation?

   This is where the repulsion force comes into play on a universal level. The galaxies are separated, as a function reduction of distance to increased repulsion subatomic particle field saturation between the galaxies. The related force is applied to the mass in the galaxies away from each other, thus insuring separation and eliminates intermingling of matter. In order for the secondary black hole to expand into an antimatter galaxy, the primary still must exist as a black hole, when it achieves its local big bang. If the primary black hole transmutes to a localize big bang, the unified shared magnetic subatomic particle stream ceases. The charges about the secondary black hole returns slowly to normal. One may ask, if the primary black hole reaches a local big bang before the secondary black hole, what happens to the gravitational binary orbital association of the primary and secondary black holes?

   When a primary black hole explodes and magnetic subatomic particle flow with the secondary object is severed. But, more important the incoming magnetic charged stream continues towards the receiver end of the black hole and the streams emitted finds it easier also to return to the receiver end. Thus there is an charge build up towards a normal positive stream that is self contained field, ( moving from pole to pole).

   The repulsion force is weak, due to dispersal of matter with the primary black hole into a new galaxy. Which is now expanding about its local spatial area within the universe. The blast wave which hits the secondary black hole with a diffused repulsion force in the form of a shock wave, only moves the secondary black hole away, until there is a push back spatial particle density build up, which then oscillates back towards equalization between the new galaxy and secondary black hole. This is dependent upon the total mass of the secondary black hole, its distance from the primary black hole and add in the factor of time, which is covered later in astronomy 102. As the black hole is pushed away, free of its angular forces (gravitational sling) set to a gravitational point of attraction, which no longer exists. There will be an exponentially rising push back, due to the repulsion force from already established and in place ambient universal objects. The point, the primary black hole would seed a universal spatial area and upon condensation, a new galaxy would rise. There would be a separation between the new galaxy, universal nearby galaxies and the secondary black hole, due to the repulsion force.

   With the presentation of how a binary black hole gravitational orbit would behave, if the primary black hole reached local big bang first. Lets consider the secondary black hole going through a localize big bang with a negatively charged inner core. This is due to an extreme magnetic subatomic particle flow, stripping the positive charges of the atomic structureí mass of the secondary black hole by the primary black hole.

   If or when the secondary black hole initiates the process of a localized big bang, the atomic structure on the whole would be in an anti subatomic charged form. The reverse of the norm, due to the charged drain of the atomic structure of the secondary black hole mass from the pass through magnetic subatomic particle stream, which is flowing towards the primary black hole. Upon the localized big bang, the general matter of the black hole would disperse about the general universal spatial area. But the key attribute, the anti charge would remain with the disbursed matter and reform during condensation or lose of heat into a new galaxy. Complete with its antimatter parameters for the ambient atomic structure of dark matter and lit stars.

   Yes, dark matter is a mass, that has properties of gravitational and repulsion subatomic particle flow and many times, a flow of magnetic subatomic particle streams. A choked core of heavy ferrous elements, completely shunts a fusion reaction within the compression core and invokes an absence of a heat signature. The solar object, stellar, planetary or less does not have the opportunity to emit subatomic particles related to visible light or any other high energy emission based on subatomic particle flow. This is dark matter, refer to astronomy 101 under the same title for further research.

   Once formed, an antimatter galaxy does not inherently come into contact with general matter within the universal spatial area. One may ask, how is this so? Again it is the repulsion force, which separates the general galaxies within the universal spatial area. Within the local galaxy gravitational subatomic particles apply a force to a mass, either towards a mass as gravity or away as the repulsion force. It is this combination that controls orbits and there velocities, mass and orbital placement, which affects distance from the stellar object in the antimatter galaxy. To refresh this concept, refer back to the gravity and repulsion chapters in late astronomy 102.

   The subatomic particle flows related to these two forces, relate to pressure voids for incoming subatomic particles and their compression. This leads to expulsion within the core of a mass. All galaxies that reside in the universal spatial area are separated by the repulsion force. Thus, this force creates a protected spatial bubble, where an antimatter galaxy does react with the other general galaxies of this universe. So lets address what happens when antimatter collides with general matter?

   The concept of energy, gave one details on the transference of mass subatomic bonds to energy as a relationship. So how do those same principles apply to an interaction of antimatter and matter, which composes most of the spatial universe? This is an interesting question for minds of the young and old to consider. So lets address this, as just applying to anti matter-matter reactions.

   Mankind has always contemplated, that an antimatter-matter reaction would be the ultimate power source in the universe. Yes, this concept may be true, in a limited nature due to opposite atomic structures having a greater charge differential, but the universe has greater sources. So what is meant by that statement? When two like hydrogen atoms with identical atomic structures, one antimatter, the other normal matter collide. There is a unique result, that the scientists of earth would not presently except, but should. The energy released is that resulting from the collision and charge neutralization (the charge differential between antimatter [negative to base] and matter [positive to base], not the transmutation of both masses into pure energy due polarize matter opposites, one asks why?

   When one reviews the energy chapter, it was based on a charge differentials of mass that is converted to energy, during a reaction of two or more masses. With that said, how would two equal masses react of opposite charges? The natural atomic structures in our spatial universe would have a charged positive to base and the anti-matter would have a charged negative to base, which establishes a common neutral charge in both galaxies. With established grounding base of matter for either universe for the electron subatomic particle flow about a mass, an antimatter to matter interaction would only amount to, a somewhat doubling the energy yield of the common reactions about the universe. The lesson here is that, masses of opposite charges do not annihilate each other into pure energy, as perceived by current scientists. The composition of subatomic particles which compose mass in the natural and antimatter galaxies are the same, only the charge is different.

   The charges equalize to the perception of ground, the interaction yields an excess of heat subatomic particles and raise the levels of other subatomic particle streams to a new level. When levels drops, it is the bursts of raised levels of the subatomic particles streams being shed, rather than new forms of energy. Now that was a basic example of two equal masses of opposite charges, one of antimatter the other general matter. Where the primary interaction between two equal masses (example a simple hydrogen molecule), energy can be release with out a loss of mass. Only the charge transmutes to a neutral by grounding out. Lets address when antimatter and general universal spatial mass have a differential in mass, yet opposing charges.

   It is here, that reactions of antimatter and general spatial matter when interacting does produce an excess of energy due to a reaction. This is similar to atomic slicing principle for energy creation, which is not available in the prerequisites of astronomy 101 & 102, but details shall be released in applications 103. So how does this process of an uneven mass collision, differ from the reaction, we just covered with equal mass?

   When an antimatter mass collides with a dissimilar mass on an elemental level, there is a release of energy. If one refers to the chapter of the atomic structure in astronomy 102, the levels of energy released, is determined the electron subatomic particle stream, that is passing through the nucleus, which is disrupted. So what is meant by that statement?

   The energy needed to provide atomic nuclear core stabilization, is greater than current scientists evaluate in their current computations. As the electron stream increases its stream density to support the additional protons and neutrons attached atomic nuclear core. If a random antimatter particle collides with general matter, there is a general neutralization between the two molecular atomic structures of both interacting masses. With equalization, the energy needed to stabilize the mass of the larger atomic structure is not needed. This is where energy is released, when antimatter and general spatial matter in the universe merge. So in an uneven mass interaction, there is a partial mass interaction for neutralization

   The general principles of energy is based upon, breaking down the molecular and atomic subatomic particle flows bonds, which bind atoms. Again this was previously covered in The Concept of Energy. When antimatter and general matter fused, the opposite charges return to neutral. The general release of energy is not due annihilation of oppositely charge matter. This is a dream of mankind. The same reactions which works in general matter, will work in antimatter. The laws of the universe are the same, no matter what the ambient charge is on the matter.


The Repulsion Force


   The principles of the Repulsion Force is misunderstood and generally unknown by the scientific community and astrophysicists, as they have misassign the tasks of unexplained forces in the universe to Dark Matter and Energy, both of which was covered earlier in astronomy 101. So lets review a quick synopsis of both Dark Matter first and then Dark Energy.

   You were educated to the fact, that all stellar matter in the universe does not light, but has a gravitational signature. This is dark matter, which will not be revealed by current optics. But with current theories, they lack of many aspects of understanding gravity and one will never solve that equation of missing mass in the universe. Dark Energy is a guess, to fill holes one can not explain. All energy that is released in the universe, most will show up on detectors in some form. If one can not detect it, it is too far away or does not exist. Although some energy signatures cannot be detected with current technology. Only there is a gap, which can be filled.

   What should be revealed is that any inherent subatomic particle stream which absorbs dark energy, would be elevated temporarily. Once removed, would revert back to original subatomic particle stream flow, thus releasing that excess energy signature during a return to equalization. But as one can scan the visible and infrared universe, none of the observations back this theory. So lets move on to explaining the Repulsion Force and how it provides order to the universe, as the compliment or balance to gravity.

   The repulsion force is the counter balance in the form of a gravitational subatomic particle stream, which is violently expelled from the center of large masses. The strongest of these streams are emitted along the equatorial plane of rotating axis, primarily spheres. The weakest subatomic particle streams are along the polar axis. The repulsion subatomic particle when ejected from a mass in the from of a stream, tends to rip through the base mass and any object located on its surface. You may ask how?

   In a subatomic particle stream ejected at high velocities, the individual repulsion subatomic particles follow each other in a tight streams. Thus creating a pathway which pushes away other mass, due to crowding. So initially there is little interaction with a mass during pass through. This changes as the distance grows from the inner core expulsion of a spatial mass, the streams expand with the heaviest concentrations along the equatorial plane, aided by centrifugal force, due to rotation about its axis. Lets examine the repulsion force on a planetary and stellar level first, then move to the galactic level.

   As the repulsion spreads out along the equators of large gas planets, there is a push back effect, due to repulsion subatomic particle crowding. The primary affect is the orbital distance and rotational period, as a secondary mass approaches due to gravity. There is a pushback from repulsion subatomic particle streams, displacing the incoming gravitational subatomic particle float. With this interaction a moon, mass, or gravel dust are affected differently.

   Starting with a moon, there comes a point to where the force of gravity affecting its mass or lack of as, is unable to apply an incoming force towards the primary mass. This motion compresses the outgoing repulsion steam, thus crowding builds with an increasing push back, as the distance of moon and the primary mass closes. It is the point where the oscillation of incoming orbital motion getting push back from the repulsion subatomic particle streams and outgoing motion, having a gravitational force applied towards the primary mass, does an orbit stabilize. The moon rides a zone where is an equalization between incoming and outgoing gravitational subatomic particles establishes orbital distance. Orbital motion is a by-product of the rotational torque gained from the primary mass core rotation. Which is an applied force engaging the moon, as it is swept around by a pass through force from the rotational repulsion streams, concentrated about the equatorial plane of the primary mass. This was covered in detail in Astronomy 101, the Creation of Planetary Orbits and Orbital Plane.

   On a secondary level, this same concept when applied to small mass, gravel and dust, is the process of creating planetary rings, this was also covered earlier in Planetary Rings in astronomy 101. With the incoming gravity float applying a force towards the planetary object and the outgoing repulsion subatomic particle slicing through the gravitational field along the equatorial plane, a sandwich type force is applied to small mass and gravel in close orbit. This process is augmented, by the short range repulsion subatomic particle streams emitted along the polar axis. Which spread about the polar exit due to particle crowding, which bends around and towards the equatorial plane. It is here the short repulsion streams bends back towards the primary mass joining the incoming gravitational float from above and below the exiting repulsions streams exiting along the equatorial plane. Thus reentering the primary mass from just above and below the outgoing stream back into the equator. This is the gravitational subatomic incoming and outgoing flows, needed to support ring formation, usually is only present in gas or rocky core planetary giants.

   As the repulsion subatomic particle streams exit the gravitational influence of the planetary object along the equatorial plane, there is an interaction with the incoming gravitational subatomic particle float. Creating a curling motion of the gravitational subatomic particles towards the equatorial plane from above and below, due to edge interaction of the opposing streams. This is why, planetary rings are a sliver in thickness. Gravel size mass particles segregates into zones, where they appear to be static in movement, relative to each other. As this is dependent upon the stream strength of the outgoing repulsion particle stream, the incoming short polar repulsion particle stream returning to the equatorial plane, incoming gravitational float and distance from the surface of the primary mass. It is these factors which determines like particle size rings, particle separation (density), ring thickness. Spokes are just traces of where repulsion subatomic particle stream passed through and crowded out the gravel particulates. The other factor is availability of debris to allow ring formation.

   Question, if the earth had a mass similar to the gas planets, would the planet have rings? Yes, in its past orbit before the collision, it was massive enough for ring creation. But, no as earthís orbit was transitory, settling into its present day orbit. The accumulation of gravel and dust would have been limited in its present orbit. Also it would have to contend with the sunís solar wind, which would have warped the rings into elongated ellipses, tailing away from the sun. But if the proto earth had remained in its original position, it would still have its rings as a massive water planet. Question, how could the earth be a water planet, if it resided along the deep edges, of what is now the Asteroid Belt? The mass of the sun was larger than it is today and the goldilocks region extended much further, than one observes today. Also Jupiterís orbit was pushed out, due to a larger repulsion force emanating from a much more massive sun.

   When scientists probe the moons of Jupiter and Saturn, many were captured, from what is now the Asteroid Belt due to collisions. They will find traces of primitive life still exists inhibited due low temperatures and relics of advance life along ancient ocean floors, long removed from what is now moons. Now letís return to insight pertaining to the repulsion force on the stellar level.

   On the stellar level we are evaluating, how does the repulsion force dictate the orbital plane the planetary orbital velocity within the known solar system? How does the repulsion force dictate a relationship with orbital distance from the stellar object and the related planetary masses? Does the repulsion force from individual planets have a minor affect in this process? Is centrifugal force due established velocity the primary factor in establishing orbital stability and distance from the solar mass? Can we establish the same parameters used on a planetary level related to ring creation and explain the present orbital plane in the solar system? Why is Pluto orbit eccentric? This was already covered in Minor Planetary Mass Pluto.

   In our solar system, the repulsion subatomic particles in a stream format are released from the sun, as in other systems, stellar objects applies the outgoing force preventing collision with other planetary masses. The repulsion subatomic particle streams which emanates from our sunís equator with rotational torque, slices out through the incoming gravitational subatomic float along the ecliptic plane. Again, it is the curling motion of the gravitational subatomic particle float and the repulsion short distance ejection polar to equator streams returning towards the sun, that applies a force from above and below the ecliptic plane due to frictional contact of the outgoing repulsion subatomic particle streams. Over the billions of years, the planets have settled between the forces of the curling motion in the equilibrium of the ecliptic plane.

   As the rotating repulsion subatomic streams pass through planetary masses, there is a secondary function, which applies a angular force to the planetary mass in the direction of stellar rotation. Thus this applied force to a mass is the source of orbital velocity, once orbital distance achieves equilibrium, against the push back of the universal spatial density. This force is a factor of repulsion subatomic particle density, stream intensity at the ejection point of the sunís surface as a secondary factor of distance, surface area to density of the mass directly affected by the repulsion subatomic particle stream being swept and the factor of time the repulsion subatomic streams interacts with the secondary mass during pass through. These parameters are the primary factors of force related to orbital velocity. But, the formula F=MA when applied to the repulsion force, would push the planets into outer orbits or they would escape. So what is the answer?

   One has the answer right before you. Your satellites, which one would place in orbit around planet earth, are subject to orbital decay. This is due, to a very thin upper atmospheric density surrounding earth, which slows the forward movement of satellites, by the frictional force encountered by low density gas molecules. In our solar system, there is even a greater frictional force, that shunts the forward orbital velocity of the residential planets, which orbits the sun, the Solar Wind. It is the equalization of the forward acceleration of planetary masses due to many parameters of the repulsion subatomic particles applying a force to planetary masses along their orbital path. Which is countered by the frictional coefficient of the solar wind, that varies in density as a direct function of distance from the source. All these factors are the determinant of planetary orbital velocity. For more details in the orbital plane and velocity reference astronomy 101.

   When discussed, how planetary moons are affected by the repulsion force, this same principle would be in effect at the stellar level. The difference is that, there are many planetary masses of varying sizes and positional placement of their shifting orbital track, which does affect the inner planet placement within the universe. With the larger gas planets on the outer orbital rings is by design. Availability to grow is due to large amounts of hydrogen in the solid form and low temperatures, which is away from the central stellar object. You can review more detailed concepts in Gas Giants for this solar system in astronomy 101. It is the combined repulsion force, that has compressed the orbital distance of the inner rocky planets and the many water planets whose orbital paths once resided in the now debris field of the asteroid belt.

   Planetary orbital distance in this solar system, is first based on original positioning. Large gas planets forming in the outer solar system due to available hydrogen away from the sun and other rocky planetary mass. As this dictates the force exerted by the repulsion particle streams on each other as adjacent planetary objects. There is a small force factor on an advance level of planetary equatorial plane angle differential to the base ecliptic plane of the stellar system. Each planetary repulsion subatomic particle emission point which orbits, having a domino effect on each other, with the most pressure exerted inside of JupiterĎs orbit as a squeeze on the inner rocky planets.

   With the outgoing repulsion subatomic particle streams disbursing and the incoming gravitational float intermix, there is a slip stream of lower density rings, created over vast distances away from the stellar objects. This is where, the random planetary objects could ride in their orbital path. As the planetary object travels this path, it bounces off the increasing higher densities of intermix gravitational subatomic particles, along the edges of the inner and outer path in an oscillating manner.

   Could two like size planetary objects ride within the same orbital path? This is possible, if a planet was bumped especially towards the sun, where a shared orbit would have the lowest gravitational subatomic particle density for an orbital path. But a shared orbit would disrupt the pressure density, within the orbital path has on the 2 objects. There be push back from the higher particle density on the leading edge of the planet traveling the orbital path and a pressure void to the rear. The planetary objects would naturally settle at a point of equilibrium, opposite sides of the orbit with the sun blocking the view of the other in the binary orbit always.

   Many of the OGs still are convinced, that stellar systems started in the shape of a donut. How is that? When a gravitational mass attracts from all directions, especially if a stellar object has formed. Examining centrifugal force and all orbital paths which follow the same theory. There are questions, that need answering. If the mass of the stellar object changes, there is a decrease in the gravitational force countering the opposing centrifugal force, which has not changed? This imbalance in the present day orbital equations would show the planetary objects just flying off. Consider the other side orbital degradation, which is due to forward resistance into the solar wind. This would set up orbital decay spiraling into the sun over time. Centrifugal force can not be the answer for planetary orbits and there formation, as the parameters behind the theory of an establish orbital equilibrium are always changing in an aging solar system.

   Current theories about the formation of the solar system are based on a collapsing donut shaped gas cloud, which starts rotating and this accounts for the planetary orbital plane and the formation of the central star. We wonder about this theory, so lets ask additional questions. Are there secondary donuts created within the rotating galactic cloud, to where planetary formation may begin with inherent rotation, as an overlap of the original rotating stellar donut? How would one explain planetary consolidation within an orbital path, if all mass is moving in the same direction and orbital velocity?

   Current theories of the formation of individual planets forming around an emerging star, do not explain why planetary orbital rings of condensing gas and debris, consolidate at a single point, of what is now a planetary mass within an established orbit. So the answer to a secondary donut forming in an overlap of the original cloud will not occur. Consolidation no, as the asteroid belt is proof, that orbital debris can not consolidate. As all mass is separated by spatial particle density and all basic debris has the same relative path around our sun.

   Is there an exception for the rotation of the donut in current general laws? If acting as one collapsing gas cloud, the velocities would be higher on the outer perimeter, but planetary models show the opposite. These are just a few of the flaws in general astrophysics with the creation of a solar system.

   On a galactic level, the repulsion subatomic particle streams emanating from the central black hole, can be observed sweeping the arms of millions of stars in spiral galaxies. The same streams are responsible for the shape of galaxies and countering the total collapse of black holes, eventually leading to a local big bang. When a black hole matures at the center of a large galaxy, the process of the incoming gravitational float changes to an intense densely crowded field of gravitational subatomic particles, with weak points at the polar axis points. The central axis is a pathway for the magnetic subatomic particle streams, to take along with other subatomic particles streams like gamma rays, as a pressure release or so called bursts from the core.

   The incoming gravitational field is so dense, that the essence light and other subatomic streams are not bent back in a 180o degree curved path, but is a bounce back. For those who need a clearer picture, the reaction is the same, as a handball hitting a concrete wall. The angle of incidence to the gravitational field is reflective. So what part does the repulsion force come into play within the center core of a black hole?

   It is increased pressure from the incoming intense gravitation field, instead of the usual incoming float that shunts the concentrated repulsion subatomic particle streams, which provides order to the spiral arms and other galactic formations. This is why some of the galaxies one observes, appears to have some sort of clumping or other deformity in their galactic structure. This is a sign of a maturing black hole. As the shunting of the outgoing repulsion subatomic particle stream augmented with the added centrifugal force. Although very minor as stellar masses succumb, rotation slows for the black hole with the added mass and radius, but shunting is still there.

   The core of a black hole oscillates, (core expansion and contraction) at a higher frequency, compared to a giant stellar object like a blue super giant. There is a direct hyperbolic increase in relation to, the increase in the radius of the black hole structure composed of solid mass. As the mass of a black matures due to the capture of random dark matter and stellar objects, there is a push back to the repulsion force. This allows what was once a galaxy, which was balanced by incoming and outgoing gravitational and repulsion subatomic particles, now has a repulsion subatomic particle outflow deficit on the galactic outer edges. The incoming gravitational field now has the edge and galactic compression begins, in conjunction with the retreating of the repulsion subatomic particles streams. It is this retraction of the repulsion force on a galactic level, which creates an imbalance to where the gravitational field emanating from the black hole, eventually consumes the host galaxy.

   As the extent of the repulsion subatomic particle field shrinks back into the black hole inner core, oscillation increases from a subtle expansion of the inner core an aggressive expansion. This is due to the finite area available for venting along the rotational axis of the black hole. The gravitational restraints become intense on the repulsion subatomic particle stream. It is the core oscillation rate and the ability to vent the incoming gravitational subatomic particle stream, that maintains the equilibrium of the black holeís inner core. When venting along its axis can no longer carry the excess repulsion particle streams, this causes a blow back down the axis towards the inner core of the black hole.

   At black hole maturity, the gravitational subatomic particle flow becomes so intense, it pushes back the influence of the outgoing repulsion particle stream to within the inner core of the black hole. At this point, left over light element captured mass not totally consumed by the fusion process, is now available due to core churn for compression and the process proceeds. With venting now pushing back and oscillation in a compression phase, the inner core is compromised by the build up of repulsion subatomic particles with a weaken counter balance, the black hole outgoing pressure overwhelms the incoming gravitational field and the black hole explodes, thus resetting the galaxy in a local big bang.

   On a universal level, it is the repulsion force, which keeps all the galaxies apart. As repulsion subatomic particles are lightly scattered between galaxies, but still there preventing mergers. The density of the repulsion/gravitational field intermix increases due to compression. If the distance between the total masses of a galaxy closes in distance. What happens is, the local galaxy settles in an spatial area with the lowest density about surrounding galaxies.

   With constant motion in the universe, if a galaxy were to move, due to a new added force and energy, how would this affect the distances between galaxies? There would be a push back coming from the repulsion particles being compressed in the direction of motion. Equilibrium would again be established. How would the collapse of a galaxy in its final phase of maturity, affect the adjacent galaxies in the universal spatial area?

   The repulsion subatomic particle field that crowds the universal spatial area between galaxies takes millions of years or more once emitted from the black hole of a central galaxy. The collapse of the repulsion subatomic particle field is an end phase, which occurs rapidly in comparison to the life of a galaxy. Movements of adjacent galaxies towards a collapsing galaxy and its black hole, starts long before the density of the repulsion subatomic particle field shuts down. There is a subtle imbalance, which builds with time, invoking adjacent galaxies to compress on the spatial area and its void. With the adjacent galaxies moving towards the low density void, it is due to the shut down of the repulsion subatomic particle streams, shunted by the expanding black hole. What is left of the field density, again comes under compression and pushes back upon galactic initiation to same the spatial area. The pressure wave of the new local big bang will push back against any temporary encroachments. Over time, the original equilibrium points with some adjustments in a decreasing oscillation format of compression then expansion will occur, until stabilization in the spatial area is reached.


The Gravitational Subatomic Particles: Incoming Field Creation


   At this point in the many subjects one has reviewed in astronomy 101 and 102, the realization is that, current theories in current books cannot describe how gravity behaves in the general universe even with adding exceptions. All aspects of particle movement, general forces, energy, and equilibrium must have a similar base, to where one theory backs all theories and visa-versa. This is not the current state of the field of astrophysics. So we will start with gravity.

The gravitational force is not a function of an attractive force between two masses, govern by a constant and the distance between them. Distance is a factor in the new gravitational formula, only that it relates to one of the factors, which controls field density and mass which controls gravitational subatomic particle flow. Your formula that seems to work on earth, but it does not work else where in this solar system or any other part of the universe unless by chance.

   One asks, how do the launched probes maintain there exit paths from earth into the solar system and arrive on target? The built in thrusters on the probes adjust early for all variances and orbital corrections, as the influence of planetary gravitational field is minor at great distances, yet still provide acceleration when encountering a planetary gravitational field at the proper angle and velocity. Your government has sent many probes, past planetary objects unknown to the general public, to test the gravitational assist. Many have failed, but provided answers leading to the success one sees today. With that said, lets address the general basics of how a gravitational subatomic particle works in the general universe and the same principles applies to all parallel universes.

   Gravity is not an attraction between to masses, as the subatomic particle responsible for gravity, is based on a neutral charge. Your scientists when seeking answers related to an explanation, is based on what they found, how magnetic subatomic particles behave and their field creation as relative. You consider gravity as weak force, but it allows a black hole to capture a galaxy and shunt the fusion nuclear reaction. This is where current science goes astray. Lets examine the properties and behavior of a gravitational subatomic particle. Its relationship to a large mass and the resultant force against the surface of that mass by a secondary mass.

   The gravitational subatomic particle is always in motion and naturally seeks a pressure void at the center of any mass. The larger the mass, the greater potential for the void to increase carrying capacity of incoming gravitational subatomic particles. Which has gathered around the mass, as a slow moving gravitational field or float migrates towards the center to the host or primary mass. All mass in the universe have residual inherent gravitational subatomic particles, which are part of the atomic structure. Atomic and molecular bonds only go so far in coalescing mass. This is why, there is a difference between a debris field and spherical objects scattered about a solar system. In many cases the gravitational field is not significantly strong or uniform enough to hold the mass together, so parts crumble off. Thus dust and small pebble size debris detected in planetary rings.

   Gravitation subatomic particles being of a neutral charge always moves to the least dense part of the spherical mass, due to particle crowding the center of the inner core. An oscillating core compression expels gravitational subatomic particles, which are released as repulsion subatomic particle streams. Thus creates a gravitational subatomic particle low pressure void. This process draws in more subatomic particles from the surrounding gravitational field from the created draft.

   With an irregular object like an asteroid, there may be many locations, which will represent an inner core. But, a gravitational field will never just jump start, to keep a large irregular mass together, as the field is diffused. Also a mass has a direct relationship to base quantity of available gravitational subatomic particles, to start a flow. So what can be started to put together a gravitational formula, which would predict field intensity per an established unit, that will work in almost all parts (greater than 99.9% but varies, as events in the universe are not static) of the universe?

   The first two variables are Mass and Density of the host mass being studied. Then apply the factor of the inverse of the total number of particle crowding centers by an average function of distance between all. That factor applies to irregulars objects, which may have additional centers of gravity, dependent upon their shape and mass. A mass in the form of an ellipse may have 2 centers, separated by a small distance relative to the total size of the mass. A sphere will always have one. This is just the start to building a gravitational equation, based upon what one has already learned. We will add to this, as more factors concerning how gravitational subatomic particles behave within the inner core of a general mass. Lets now turn our attention to the inner core of a mass and the processes which affect the gravitational subatomic particle movement and field creation.

   You were informed, as to all atomic structures have an inherent gravitational subatomic particle flow, where on the atomic scale is too small to measured or detected with present day technology. It is only when mass achieves a large size like small asteroids, can a gravitation attraction be observed. You ask, some asteroids are seen in binary orbits with others? Is this a chance encounter where distance, mass and velocity during an encounter, exactly match to earthís current centrifugal force theories? No. It is weak gravitational attraction, while drifting in nearby adjacent orbital paths. They are drawn closer, until the repulsion force starts to push back. Eventually there is equalization in distance or separation and slight differentials to the outside of a common gravitational orbital point to the inside track, initiates a slow rotation about that common point.

   If there is a repulsion force, why didnít it work in the asteroid belt where multiple water planets once dwelled, which is now an orbital belt of debris and spawned ice based comets? You can refresh the topic in Origin of the Comets in Astronomy 101. The repulsion force does work in a gravitational float, but if a pass through object with great velocity and mass, it will overwhelm the repulsion force, before it can invoke enough force to stop forward momentum and behave similar to meteors and just collide. Now we shall move back to the discussion on the inner core of a mass and its affect on the incoming gravitational subatomic particle stream.

   It is the total Mass and its Density, which sets the carrying capacity of gravitational subatomic particles. The internal core of the mass creates a compression zone, which oscillates by particle crowding, then retracts creating a void, due to gravitational subatomic particle expulsion during compression. There is a direct relation to an increasing density of mass, as a function of the period of oscillation or the turnover of the flow of gravitational subatomic particles residing in the inner core. So what is meant by that statement?

   Since there are many varying sizes of objects in the universe, we will pick a basic object similar to our sun, for one to use as an example. Inside the stellar mass, gravitational subatomic particles naturally accumulate at the center of the stellar mass within the inner core. There is a continuous flow of gravitational subatomic particles, which moves towards the inner core, through an oscillation process of the shell like containment of the inner core. This creates a draft pulling gravitational subatomic particles from the nearby spatial area or near field outside the surface boundary of the stellar object. With the new incoming flow, the inner core supporting containment of the gravitational subatomic particles, expands against particle crowding related to the interior core compression of the stellar object. Expansion reaches a point, where the pressure of the subatomic particles breaches core containment and are ejected out of the inner core. The incoming pressure of gravitational subatomic flow pauses the expansion, then recoils from that static point of expansion, back towards the center of the inner core, which now has a lower pressure variant, due to ejection of repulsion subatomic particle streams. As the general area of the inner core zone is reduced, gravitational subatomic particles are again compressed and resumes building from the incoming flow.

   It is here, that stellar rotation becomes a determinate in factors of pressure and volume of the repulsion subatomic particles along the equatorial plane. Those factors are key to the number of stream breaches, which will occur within the plane. Other streams are emitted decreasing slightly in intensity, as the angle of ejection based on a zero point, is assigned to the equatorial plane and arcing to the rotational axis at 900. These same streams once ejected about the solar mass, are now called repulsion subatomic particles, but still have the basic properties of a gravitational subatomic particle. They provide a different set of effects within the universal spatial area, as opposed to the slower incoming gravitational float responsible for gravitational fields on the surface of universal objects.

   With the incoming draft created by the voids in the inner core, due to gravitational subatomic particle ejection. An organized flow or float in the form of self encompassing field surrounds the stellar object, with a directed motion of flow towards the inner core. So what affect does this flow of gravitational subatomic particles, have on any mass which would on or near the surface of the stellar object? Since the only mass ejections are solar flares, current observations show many flares are curled back to the surface of the stellar object. This is an affect of a gravitational field, although some in the scientific community believe, the flare curling back is caused by attractant magnetic flows lines on the surface of the stellar object. You can review this in more detail under Stellar Flares in Astronomy 101. So lets dig deeper for a clearer explanation and use a planetary object with a solid surface in our next example.

   In our example we will use a planetary rocky hard surface object 15,000 km in diameter. Where there is a constant flow of gravitational subatomic particles, which creates a slow float in the form of a low density gravitational subatomic particle field well above the hard surface, which transitions to a higher density field at or near the surface.

   The organized gravitational subatomic flow moving towards the center of planetary core in this example, passes through any and all mass on the surface and near field. It is the density of that gravitational subatomic particle flow, which applies a force on a mass, as the particles pass through moving towards the center of the mass. Density of the target mass also has an affect, through an increased frictional coefficient. This action is what amounts to the current definition of weight. As a mass moves away from the planetary object, the field density decreases and gravitational subatomic particle flow becomes random in direction of flow, at a certain distance from the primary mass. Lets address that.

   When a mass moves away from the primary mass gravitational field of influence, the force of gravity upon the secondary mass dissipates into a neutral buoyancy. Neutral buoyancy is when, no definitive net force is applied to a secondary mass by primary mass in the local area. The mass just does a slow dither between the influence of the many gravitational masses within the universal spatial area, until the secondary mass moves into another gravitational sphere of influence or field several hundred km above the surface of our planet as an example. We have addressed the outer gravitational field, now lets examine in more detail, the affects on a secondary mass on the surface of the primary mass by the gravitational subatomic particle field or float towards the inner core.

   Contrary to current scientific theories first presented by Newton and somewhat modified by Einstein, need to be customized as to reflect current gains science and adapt, as we move to the future. When we examine the current theory, there is an attraction between masses. There is a constant g, which is accurate on earth and the only other two factors to carry on into the new equation, is Radius and M1 the primary mass. If a secondary surface mass is not attracted to the primary mass, in this case the planetary object used in our example. What causes a mass, to have weight on the surface from the planetary attractive gravitational force? Also, what was not considered, is the various points of gravitational force of secondary masses scattered about the surface of the primary mass. How does that work? It doesnít.

   As we look at gravitational subatomic particle flow towards the inner core of the primary planetary object, one comes to realize, that M2 in the current formula has no affect on the planetary gravitational field. M1 controls all gravitational subatomic particle flow towards the inner core. The part that mankind missed, it is the flow of gravitational subatomic particles and their density per cubic area which is dictated by M1, as they pass through a secondary mass, M2. This is the determinant for the force exerted towards the surface of M1 by a secondary mass M2.

   As the gravitation float descends upon the surface of the planetary, any secondary mass on its surface is affected by a pass through force. Which is created by the gravitational subatomic particles, flowing towards the inner core. In essence a force is applied, as gravitational subatomic particles past through a mass (M2) in the direction of flow. In this case, it is the inner core. The amount of force applied to a secondary mass is dependent upon, first the density of the gravitational subatomic particle float or field per defined cubic unit and the total mass and density of M2. The secondary aspect is the gravitational sub atomic particle flow rate, which is determined by the inner core oscillation rate, which refreshes the core. Thus sets up the pressure draft void towards the core. So how can we apply this added knowledge, to modify our unfinished universal gravitational formula?

   It is simple to evaluate that the presence of M2 the secondary mass, which has no affect on the flow of gravitational subatomic particles and its flow. M2 is a secondary factor in that, a gravitational force is applied to the mass, as the slow float of particles that pass through, interacts with the atomic structure, which creates a resistance. It is a force in the direction of the primary mass inner core, not an attraction based on M1 and M2 that factors in distance and a gravitational constant. So M2 drops from the primary side of new gravitational equation and becomes a function of force.

   With that said, the only parameter on the primary side of the equal sign pertaining to gravitational force, is gravitational subatomic particle density per cubic unit of spatial space. It is this rate of flow and density, that is responsible for the force applied, to any mass during the flow through process towards the central inner core of the primary mass. Modifying, gravitational subatomic particle field density per cubic unit is defined by the first two variables of the primary solar object, the host object being studied and its mass and density. Then apply the factor of the inverse of the total number of particle crowding centers by an average function of distance between all within the mass. We will build on to inner core oscillation, which controls the inner core turnover for gravitational subatomic particle flow, the ejection process and transmutes to a repulsion subatomic particle flow with different properties, which was just covered.

   Earlier we covered basic core oscillation, so lets look at the same oscillation process, as it occurs within a black hole. When a solar object collapses, the inherent gravitational field density reacts, which is self fulfilling, compression of matter. As the internal inner core compression zone is reduced and it is balanced by a hyperbolic increase of intake and ejection of gravitational subatomic particles and its related flow. As the fusion reactions from the captured solar masses and other galactic material subsides within the inner core compression area, there is an imbalance of lower outgoing pressure. The increasing gravitational subatomic particle flow is applying a crushing containment on the outer shell of the black hole. It is this process, which continuously increases the oscillation rate in the inner core to relieve extreme crowding. As part of this process incoming gravitational subatomic particle flow density increase in tandem with the increased hyperbolic rate in the frequency of inner core oscillation. So lets review this concept and break the process down to a simpler explanation.

   As the volume of the critical area needed decreases to create a pressure void, attracting an ever increasing amount of gravitational subatomic particles, from the universal spatial area of what is left of a condensing galaxy. There is a corresponding increase of the oscillation rate of pulling and expulsion resulting in extreme crowding (density per cubic unit), where other subatomic particle streams are reflected back internally, instead of escaping the surface shell of the black hole, burst through the polar axis. The resultant intense gravitational field eventually cannibalizes all galactic matter until reset, the local big bang. With this explanation we can now add, the factor of static to hyperbolic oscillation, as a primary determinant in the universal equation of gravity. Lets address the modification.

   Modifying again, gravitational subatomic particle density per cubic unit is equal to the first two variables of the primary solar object, the host object being studied and its Mass and Density. Adding another primary factor is the variable O(h-1) for the inner core oscillation, where h varies as a rate of increase of the frequency of the core turnover rate. Then apply the factor of the inverse of the total number of particle crowding centers by an average function of distance between all. With respect to gravitational measurements involving a secondary mass distance and the repulsion force will come into play.

   So lets put together a some what basic gravitational formula, as a start, but not the finished equation. Which will updated with new parameters of the gravitational formula and include the repulsion force for total behavior of a mass in an intermix gravitational field in applications 103. So the components of gravitational formula would include the radius of M1 and potential M2, the mass and density M1, gravitational field density at the surface of M1, the gravitational constant related to a set unit of universal gravitational subatomic particles at a set density, which would be a base 1 reference, Oscillation frequency of the inner core (subatomic particle flow rate), density of M2, and Total Gravitational Force.


The Concept and Passage of Time

   The definition of time is a complex matter, still not fully understood by scientists and I do not have all the answers, but I do have some with more to come. Yes, all entities in the universe, no matter the density, do perceive its passage as the same. Although, it is not equal in time frames, once moving into other parallel densities or universes. In the universe, time is the perception of existence, by living creatures related to a unit of passage. The concept of passage of time is based upon a universal spatial vibrational constant (the universal spatial ambient density, which controls the speed or velocity of all subatomic particle flows). Where all subatomic particle streams within the spatial universe, completes a full cycle at a common node. This is a unit of time. Which when broken down to a measured unit of time passage, now based upon a reference of second on earth, but varies on other worlds in another universal spatial density. There is a conversion factor, which can be derived by a simple mathematical formula, that provides uniformed constant across all worlds with life.

   The time constant interval on a universal plane (only a constant in its respective parallel universe or density), but at the same time, is a variable across all densities. Lets explain the quagmire in the explanation. The passage of time as a unit of perception to a living being, is a constant in the ambient universe, but varies across all densities in the present universe. The perceived passage of time unit decreases as a function of subatomic particle velocity and its completion of a cycles at a common node is extended. Yet the entity experiences, what seems as the same passage of time, based upon that unit. Due to decreased in universal particle field spatial density, which allows much higher velocities of subatomic particle movement, through the universal spatial medium in the higher parallel universes.

   So the passage of time is a variable universal constant, which is related to spatial density, but differs if the entity moves to another spatial realm from another. The higher the vibrational frequency of matter in the next densities, the passage of time corresponding has a greater unit of passage to our universe. For the entity the progression of time is faster in our universe opposed to a higher density, as a function of the velocity differentials in subatomic particle movement. Lets look at some basics principles that are related to time.

   Time is an infinitesimal perceived continuity measurement of velocity differentials, in the placement of shared completion nodes based on the total particle movement in relation to a static mass within a local universal spatial area. Time is constant flow of new static snapshots of subatomic particle arrangements, within a location of a universal spatial plane of the same density, from moment to moment along a line of progression. Some will question, what happens as time passes, in that moment is time lost? When one looks out upon the universe, is the past lost? No, as one peers into the universe is the past still there, as light related subatomic particle stream arrangements from any mass, moves away at subatomic particle velocity? Yes, one observes stars in their past form, base upon the velocity of particle movement and the related distance. So again, lets dig deeper into the principles of the progression of time.

   If one looks at earth and all events, which have taken place and store all mass placement in a three dimensional grid and subatomic particle movement in place, as if frozen in time? This would an permanent arrangement to where a silver of time, can be accessed as a simple point of reference. Time is a permanent line of reference that continues to progress in space. The key here is how to access those points of reference (common shared nodes) along the time line.

   Scientists perceive space and time as the fourth dimension, so lets examine this concept. If one created a spatial three dimensional cube with measurements of 13.5 billion light years on each leg, would this be space? No and Yes it would and it is 3 dimensional. No, as each leg would have to referenced as 26 billion years, as a universal big bang would expand from a central point in all directions, not just one. Time is only a measurement, of subatomic particle flow of matter overlapping the same spatial area, not a fourth dimension. Does the passage of time change for all the atomic particle flows in the universe?

   Space is an abstract container, which allows the placement and movement of mass to occur and matter interact, yet the concept of space has no true physical affect on any mass or its movement. With space being just a container, which is massless, one can not bend or fold it. It is infinite. One asks, what about the spatial medium of parallel universes, which control velocities of subatomic particle movement? The space is a container. It is the subatomic particles and mass, which float about that spatial area clumping or expanding due to particle flow in overlapping specific densities, which are the determinant subatomic particle velocity. Now back to the concept of time.

   As an observer on the Moon, they would experience that silver of time, in a little over what one would call a second later. So what is the point? All moments in history exist on an ever increasing infinite amount of time lines, which spread out into the universe in a 360 degree spatially sphere from the point of origin. So one can look at a time line that is constantly in motion, yet once established does not change. It is a permanent record of the arrangement of mass and subatomic particles at a particular spatial location and reference point, which constantly moves within a universe.

   So lets look deeper into this process. Can the time line be changed? No, that concept is a science fiction myth. The time line builds upon the first subatomic particle/mass arrangement. It does not rearrange all positioning with a singular point of change and just undo all. First, one can go back and see ones self in the past, but the difference is the body is an empty shell. The soul that transcends distance and time in the universe can not be in two places at one time. Only God can achieve that. A live entity exists within the frame of particle movement, but can not change, what is etched in the time line.

   So there is a need for further instruction on the manipulation of past time lines. What maybe difficult to understand, is that the past time line still exists within the universe, as the present time line unfolds. The time lines are interwoven and can not be changed. You can observe, record even obtain minute samples of arrangements, but cannot change the series of events or remove life forms. Why, as the universe has many worlds in different forms of development, similar to many periods on earthís past, presently existing. Interference of these time lines is forbidden.

   Secondary, time is based on particle movement, which has no beginning or end. This is a concept, mankind can not comprehend. The universe has always been here and will never end. It has always existed, though parts of the universe, just periodically recycle. Time is explained as a simplistic model, where it is a periodic measurement, based upon the forward progression of the total particle movement and its interaction with mass from a stationary point in our universe to a common node. Again moving towards what seems a stationary point, as a percentage of the average velocity of particle movement, (ie the speed of light) the passage of time increases to the observer. Riding with (same direction) the time line as one approaches the maximum velocity of particle movement, the observer will experience, that time can come to a halt for a particular silver of time and space, while the passage of time proceeds as normal in the surrounding universe. This is the relativity of time, which will be covered in more detail later in astronomy 102.

   As one keys in on other variants, which occurs as one moves from one universal plane (parallel universe) to another, the earth universal plane to the next level up, 4th density. Is there a universal common point where the time lines of both densities intersect and can be exploited between both universal spatial areas? The basic principles of Time remain the same, but its unit of passage is based upon new velocities of particle movement within a new thinner spatial universal plane. So again, is there a place within the universe where the time lines of our universal plane and that of the 4th density universal plane has a common point and the time lines join?

   No, as time is based on particle movement and mass coupled with the average velocities of those particles, which on all points are not shared. What about the theories of not aging when approaching the speed of light? What does not age is the silver of time and space one is observing, as one approaches the maximum velocity of particle movement, time is still passing by as normal. As an observer, one is not part of the time line. Although if an entity was removed from our 3rd density universe and transmuted to the 4th density by some means, the passage of time would seem normal to the entity. But proceed at a slower rate, due to the speed of light being approximately 16.75 times faster in velocity. So if the entity spent the equivalent of a year in 4th density and returned to earthís universal density, those on earth would have aged close to 17 years to their one.

   Moving at the velocity of a subatomic particle stream through the universe, observing a sequence in time would be virtually unchanged. As one is moving with it and its progression does not leave the local area (density). The observation would seem as it is frozen, because the arrangement of time sequences which would normally flow past, never catch up to the location which moves in tandem. This is the key point. Time still progresses for one as an observer, but what one views is frozen. This is the confusion. If one moves to a new density, then time slows for one and upon return, those from the past, would have aged in relation to the differentials in particle movement velocities of the two universal planes. Lets break down the concept of the variant of time, its differentials between our universe and the next universal density level up.

   So on a mathematical level we can establish an equation for the passage of time. The variants are the perception of time, which can be measured in universal units that transcend all densities levels. The other variant the ratio of the velocity of subatomic particle movement through both host densities. The constant is a defined spatial area, which is equal to both densities. So the equation on a simplistic level would reveal, the passage of time would slow or increase in direct proportion to the velocity of a stabilize subatomic particle stream through a host density, compared to the target density.

   With the passage of time, what seems as a confusion of many time lines, which propagate through out our universe, do organize. There are points or nodes within our universal spatial area where the time lines do intersect, as they too travel in a wave format. The wavelength between nodes or cycles are the same and three dimensional spread due to crowding is generally uniform, so their locations are predictable. So what make these time nodes so valuable, when analyzing the process of time? Lets examine what occurs at a time node and its affects on the many time lines, that pass through a common point in a universal spatial area.

   A time node is a point where many localized time lines intersect at a particular point in the spatial universe. The time lines all have a particular wave length, where all merge in a universal cycle wave length at a shared point. So in essence all time lines within a local area intersect at a synchronized common node. The key here is, once the location of this common point is established in the universal spatial area, then one can access all timelines by shifting up and down in the column of time lines within the node point. It is here one can lock on a particular time line, as they have a unique frequencies, so one can press slightly forward (progress of subatomic particle movement in relation to mass within a local spatial can be predicted, but the certainty becomes unstable the further out one pushes), or have access to all of the past, which is a permanent record. Now the process on how to move the progression of time forward or backwards will not be revealed in this paper, but will be addressed at a further date.

   Some still have a hard time understanding a synchronized time line node, that encompasses many time lines of various frequencies, to where all come together. So lets break this down to simplistic example as a base example. If several time lines had frequencies related to 2,3,6,9 and 18, the common node would reside at the wavelength node point of 36. It is as simple as this example, but in a more complex frequencies related to the passage of time.


The Color of the Sun has Changed from Yellow to White


   There has been cryptic changes with the our sun and some of the planets in this solar system since the late 90s to about 2003. Many who were adults in the latter part of the twentieth century, which are still around today, remember the color of the sun at high noon was a bright yellow. This is captured in the photos and paintings over the centuries. Astronomers have records, but something within the sun has changed, resulting in the slow change in color from yellow to now white over a decade. What should worry the general public, is that no one in the field of astrophysics has mentioned the change now visible to the naked eye or filters presently.

   So what changes could occur within the inner core of the sun, which would increase the surface temperature and frequency of light emanating from the surface of the sun? The sun has been stable, since mankind has been recording observations. The period of change happened slowly from 1995 to 2005, but few have noticed and even fewer care. Current theories have our sun, as it ages moving towards the orange-red end of the light spectrum, but current observations defy that theory, which was covered earlier in Stellar Transmutation in astronomy 101.

   With the knowledge of the fusion process provided earlier, the current ratio of light to heavy elements has not changed, to a degree to provide an increase in the fusion process within its inner compression core. The mass of the sun is decreasing over time, lost to subatomic particle flows of energy from the fusion of mass and the solar wind. The size of the sun has remained stable, confirmed by astronomical measurements over the past decades. So what has changed?

   One has learned, that the inner core of the sun is magnetically and gravitationally attracted to various parts of the universe. Being fluid in viscosity, the core over shoots the attraction only to be attracted again, as the core spins creating an almost perpetual motion about the axis. Thus dragging the upper area of the internal sun (the frictional boundary between the inner and outer cores of the sun), resulting in what one sees as rotation. There is not a minor gravitational change presently, as there would be a slight shift revealed by the planetary orbits within our solar system. So that leaves only one, a change to the overall magnetic field within the solar system. As a new source is affecting the ferrous heavy elements residing in the inner core of the sun as dampeners. How can this be revealed?

   There are rumors that a magnetic anomaly, has entered the inner solar system on an angular southern approach. Which is hidden behind a charged cloud of dust and lost in the daylight brightness of sun. There has been a decision made, that those in the know will periodically have a direct visual observation, but still subdued and obscured to allow little panic on earth. The incidents of observation are based upon the human psyche of acceptance for change. The key here upon its arrival, this object has had an influence on the inner compression core of our sun, since its approach from the edge of the solar system. So what is occurring within the inner core compression zone?

   This magnetic anomaly located well outside of the orbit of Mercury, but inside that of earth, is slowly moving up into the ecliptic plane of the solar system. Its heavily charged magnetic field is shifting the heavy iron-nickel elements out of center of the sunís inner core rotation in the direction of the anomaly. So how does the shift in heavy elements, change the fusion reaction within the inner core compression area?

   Normally within the sun, there would be a slightly lateral elongated spherical zone sharing a common central axis point and equator with the sunís percolated inner compression core. Core density is somewhat evenly spread, due to pressure equalization between the heavy element particles from crowding only. With this additional magnetic tug originating from the anomaly, an area that had a denser heavy to light element ratio, now has increased its rate of fusion, due to the outward shift in heavy dampeners. This issue becomes a deeper problem, as the anomaly and the sun begin to increase the shared magnetic subatomic particle flows at the optimal point, the planetary piercing of ecliptic plane. So where is the visible evidence?

   Lately as of October 2023 it has been reported by astronomers that the auroras visible in the infrared spectrum have been exhibiting weird fluctuations about the poles of Uranus and these same subtleties will reveal themselves in other gas planet auroras like Saturn, outside of the eye of the common man. Or set up an infrared camera blocking or filtering out the sun only and see what shows up. Will this frighten the astronomers, yes for some out of the loop, for others no, as they have known of the anomaly for decades and are under a gag order enforced by all occupants of the White House over decades. So what are the possible scenarios, which can play out in the future without defining a timeline?

   Presently some of the heavy elements have clumped and maintained a shifted static position within the inner compression core of the sun. The present inner compression core is fluid and flows around it, thus maintaining stellar rotation at the surface of our sun. As time progresses, the clump gathers more heavy elements and the internal mass of the static heavy element begins to alter the inner core rotation about the sunís axis. This will be noticeable to the amateur astronomer with increased periods of random rotational spin and crushed in the media. With the inner flows altered low and high pressure points develop, so how does these new parameters affect the inner core compression zone of the sun?

   As the anomaly reaches the ecliptic plane, the magnetic field affecting the sunís inner core compression zone changes. Magnetic pressure from the anomaly peaks then ebbs and the static mass (inner core clump) still mostly intact, gets swept into the rotational core current flow. That tends to breakdown the magnetic clumping of the lager mass, but continues to slowly be attracted to the anomalyís directional magnetic field. When large fragments passes through the inner compression zone as an oversized dampener, the fusion reaction slows. The gravitational fields of both the sun and the anomaly has little affect (slight differentials on rotational spin) on the sunís core. The pass through orbital position of the anomaly is a balance between the incoming gravitational float heading towards center of the sun and primarily the repulsion force jetting as subatomic particle streams from the sunís and Jupiterís equators.

   Shifting to the pass through of heavy element core fragments, their flow within the compression core is dependent upon, how close the trajectory of the heavy mass, is to the rotational axis. If the drift of the heavy element mass is bisected by the sunís axis along the its equator, the drift will slow to a crawl. As a result, they will take up a central static position and dither until the forces of core rotation nudges them out of the zone. Where total force applied to the heavy elements from all directions, reaches a null due to cancellation. It is the passage of time and the related velocity of the pass through of heavy elements, to where the fusion process will be affected. At a point, the inner core will be choked with heavy elements. The resultant, our sun will temporarily grow dark and start to have periods of winking out. So what is meant by that statement?

   A large mass of fragmented heavy elements would greatly inhibit the fusion process, once entering the inner core compression area. Instead of normal fusion rate occurring in the same area, based on the current mixture of heavy to light elements in the energy producing zones. This invokes almost complete blockage of the fusion process occurring periodically, due to an oscillation cycle of compression, which varies from peak to ebb and then reverses. This sudden shut down of energy, would reduce the outgoing pressure, which supports the stellar surface of the sun. There would be erratic shifts in surface coloration, which would vary from deep yellow to orange to red to patches of a blacken surface and then the cycle reverses. Angular conservation of rotational momentum would visibly increase the spin of the sun, due to the radius of the sun compressing.

   With stellar shrinkage creating dimpling the surface of the sun, the inner core compression zone collapses, which then forces new pockets of hydrogen and helium into cracks fracturing the mass edges of the heavy elements. The added compression forces a start up fusion process again after the pass through, but only building back, to what was the peak before light element core insertion. The surface of the sun would seem to convulse with rapid contractions and the stellar light emitted would seem to wink in and out. Then there is the problem with the upcoming unified magnetic field with the anomaly and its affects on earth. Lets discuss this in more detail.

   As the heavy elements continue to increase in the inner core of the sun, the anomaly is moving away from the sun. The anomaly is closing distance with the planet earth, which will happen over an unknown time line, but dependent upon the path mankind takes. The magnetic link between the sun and the anomaly will lessen over time, due to the expansion of distance. Currently this movement through the solar system does not bode well for the earth. The first signs will be welcome by astronomers. So what is meant again by that statement?

   There will be to the excitement of sky gazers, extended views to the lower latitudes both north and south of the auroras. It is this phenomena, which will reveal to the general public, all is not what it seems. As the anomaly moves very slowly and closer to earth, while rising up into the solar ecliptic plane, the earthís alignment with the sunís magnetic field begins to wane and be supplanted by the anomalyís magnetic field, which has a massive ratio of heavy elements related to iron-nickel and hydrogen-helium inner core compression zone. This unique combination within a rocky core planet opens up a new aspect of life supporting planetary objects within our universal spatial density. Where a low energy fusion rate provides self surface heat adaptable for life, which leaks through fissures within the crust and a low light glow about its surface, similar to early dusk on our planet.

   The intense magnetic field from the anomaly, which is not in alignment with the solar system, interferes with the earthís alignment to the sunĎs magnetic field. There is a flip flopping where the influence of the sun is in place then the anomaly. This shift creates an oscillating angular shift about what would be a static position of the earthís axis. Resulting in what as seen as an increased wobble about the magnetic axis of the earth. A shifting of the earthís oceans has been put forth as an explanation? Yet there are few tidal waves. Addressing wobble, a phenomena only recorded in folk law is when the earthís magnetic poles are attracted due proximity, aligns with the magnetic field of the anomaly due to subatomic particle crowding. Then there is a push back from the sunís magnetic field, reversing the earthís pole tipping back towards the alignment of the solar system. This is the present wobble until proximity of the incoming object invokes a unified magnet field and life changes on earth.


A quick synopsis on a Unified Magnetic Subatomic Particle Field shared between two objects.


   As the anomaly rises slowly into the ecliptic of a solar system, the distance closes between the anomaly and the secondary object, in this case is earth. The anomaly has a greater magnetic field representation of influence within the local spatial area, which contains earth. So lets give a new prospective, on the how planetary objects behave in a unified field of magnetic subatomic particle flows, within the influence of the sunís overall magnetic field. Then consider how subatomic particle crowding and flow diversions can cause magnetic pole oscillation or wobble of the magnetic axis of the minor planetary object, like earth.

   With the distance of the anomaly and the earth closing, their magnetic fields will overlap each other. At this point, some of the magnetic related subatomic particle flows will find it easier, to flow from the north pole of the anomaly to the south pole of our earth instead of its own. This is due to magnetic subatomic particle crowding or density in the local spatial area, rather than reentering the anomalyís south pole. Over time the percentage of magnetic subatomic particles entering the earthís south pole from the anomaly, will exponentially increase to 100%, as a function of the reduction of distance. The result will be a fused magnetic unified field that flows between the anomaly and a flipped pole earth. This will also magnetically draw the earth towards the anomaly, but the repulsion force will increase as the distance is reduced until equalization occurs between both forces. Thus this interflow of gravity, repulsion and magnetic subatomic particle streams and their related forces, establish a temporary static position between the two objects. You may ask, does this magnetic connection invoke a gravitational orbital process between the anomaly and the earth? This is a good question, so lets address this.

   There are several factors to consider, in order for rotation to be invoked between two bodies. The gravitational force must attract each other as a mass. Then as the distance closes, the repulsion force builds between both objects. Until there is a common point, where the distance between the objects basically oscillates in a narrow somewhat static variance of equalization. Then add in a secondary layer force by incorporating minute differential of subatomic particle densities on the outer edge of what is to be an orbit. It is this differential, which provides the force need to revolve around a common point.

   The anomaly orbits in an elongated figure 8 format between our sun and the unlit stellar object in the direction of Orion every 3600 years approximately. This orbital period varies, due to the inner planetary positions and their combined repulsion force leading up to the anomaly piercing the ecliptic plane. Again this can be confirmed, by the gravitational tug on one side of the planetary orbits of in that same direction. Coupled with the angular differential to the ecliptic plane, due to a inner solar system collision with one of the trailing moons of the anomaly. Which has formed the present lob sided orbit of Pluto. You can also correlate major earth changing disasters over historical records, which will match passage through the inner solar system. The anomaly enters our solar system at a similar angle to the tilt of earthís axis. Is there a correlation? Yes. Can an orbit be established, no. If the earth was captured, it would be just one of its many captured frozen moons, that trails the anomaly now. What other issues will a unified magnetic field reap on earth?

   It is the shared unified magnetic field, which adds an elevated charge to the earthís ionosphere. Radio transmission that uses the ionosphere, as a reflective barrier of charged particles will reduce transmission to just noise. Cell and satellite transmission will eventually be useless. But, the major factor is the elevated charges, affecting the charged ions in our upper atmosphere. They will go crazy when the general solar wind hitís the unified magnetic field of the earth and the anomaly. The sky is alive with extreme auroras, which a baffled population upon earth will see as a sign of the end-times. Your scientist will have no valid explanation, unless they reveal the lie covering up the presence of the anomaly, which is responsible for the earth changes. The timeline is unfolding, but is in the hands of mankind to change its present path. The greater the change the longer the timeline.

   Scientists are now introducing to the media, that wobble of the earthís axis is increasing problem and surface water is the cause. Now last time I checked, most scientists agreed, that the rotation of the earth smoothes out new anomalies of water pooling. Just how massive would this pooling have to be to tilt the axis of the earth. They are introducing measurements of feet, as a reference presently in the media, yet when all is said and done, the narrative will shift to hundreds of miles associated to magnetic axis deviation during severe wobble events.

   Again, lets address what changes may or will affect the earthís ambient magnetic field, the deflection of the charged subatomic particles from the outgoing solar wind emitted by our sun, now faces field anomalies. As what was concentric lines force, are now warped. The magnetic protective field integrity surrounding earth, is now morphing on a daily basis.

   There comes a time, to where the anomaly and the earth reach a point, to where both are in our shared solar ecliptic plane. They will proceed to magnetically link (Unified Magnetic Field). Only separated by the repulsion force, but the distance between both objects will continue to close, due to the magnetic attraction overwhelming the repulsion force and establishing a new subatomic particle flow equilibrium between magnetic and gravitational subatomic particles. There are constant present day satellite radar scans of the inner solar system on a round the clock basis by the US and extended field trips involving the X-37B for a some what close observation and measurements, which will yield nothing as to a timeline for passage. The formulas used to predict motion are flawed. What about long ranged probes for surface observations? Upon approach, they were destroyed. Stealth covering of the electronics package and the outside made to look like an asteroid fooled no one. The orbital track revealed the point of origin. Their observations are classified at the highest level, where the president is in the dark and have confirmed this movement, but this is need to know information.

   Presently there is an increased level of the auroras in the skies of North America. Other parts of the world are omitted by design. Scientists have attributed to the increased activity, to level M-class 4 and 5 solar flares erupting from the stellar surface of the sun, as we approach the peak in the eleven year cycle. The M-Class ratings are subject to the measurements from the scientific community, yet can not be verified by the common man.

   Look to past records with recorded observations related to the Northern Lights dropping down to mid latitudes on the North American Continent. As scientists, some have been directed to lead mankind down a false path, as few do not question why? Yes, many of the general public has observed the Northern Lights, but the increased frequency in low latitudes, is starting to cause concern. Scientists claim increased solar activity, as we approach the solar peak. Although, current observations do not account for the random peaks of solar flares. So is there another explanation, which would explain current earth aurora displays?

   There is a gradual build up to the unified magnetic subatomic particle field, which is in the process of increasing now, as shared steams enter the earthĎs south pole. This increased flow is energizing the earthís magnetic field to the point where lower M class solar flares will excite auroras creating subatomic particle congestion at the poles coupled with the solar winds, which shall oscillate from a steady state to variable. It is the subatomic particle flows escaping the high density areas at the poles, which will expand to the lower density areas towards the south or north of their respective pole locations, to relieve the congestion.

   Our solar system is some what very unique in this universe. The periodic passage of the anomaly and its shared magnetic subatomic particles with the earth, due to field equalization, aligns in the direction of the poles of the anomaly during its exit from our solar system. That angle is 23o degrees to the solar ecliptic plane. It will take millions of years without a periodic passage of the anomaly affects, to realign a planet to the north-south orientation of the sunís magnetic poles. Look at Pluto, as its orbital profile, it does not fit current planetary disk formation theories. Oh, that is why, astronomers threw Pluto out as a planet. As now reclassified, as a minor planet, it would still have to be formed and exist in the proto cloud, which current theories has formed the solar system. You can not account for its eccentric orbit. Which is off center to the sun and is not contained within the orbital plane. This is counter to all current theories on planetary formation. Most planets in the universe have temperate zones where variation is based on a static latitude. On earth we have seasons, due to the tilt and orbital location along its total path. This is unique in the galaxy.

   The anomaly as it enters our solar system, is counter rotation to all of the planetary orbital paths. So instead a mutual rotation around a common point, there is a push back. The repulsion force inhibits forward orbital progression of the earth in its orbit and on the backside, the earth is swept forward by the repulsion particle streams emanating from the sun, which is responsible for orbital velocity. As the anomaly finally exits this solar system, the earth never gets close enough to be captured as a rogue moon due to its mass. A shared magnetic field, but initiating a stable gravitational dance between the anomaly and earth never happens during a past through.


Relativity as a Function of Time


   The principles of time has always fascinated mankind, but as scientists does the present concepts work in the universe? Current theoretical versions just do not work in the general visible universe, which one observes, but the key here is, that one is progressing the knowledge base. The passage of time is a set variable, which works across all other parallel universes. One asks? So how can the passage of time, be set and a variable at the same time? Does the passage of time slow down for an entity, which approaches the velocity of light in our universal plane or density? The answer is no. Although there is a perception of the passage of time, which takes on many relative versions, which we will examine next.

   Mankind based its relative theories of the passage of time on a point of one reference and expanded from that point. Then assumed, if one moved at or near the velocity of light with all time lines from that point, the logical solution would be the passage of time slows and approaches zero passage for the entity, as an inverse function of velocity. As a scientist, one has approached the theoretical equation of the passage of time from a linear prospective in the universe. So lets examine, the same relative concept of time passage from a universal 3 dimensional perspective related to our universe first.

   The passage of time is based upon, the completion of the total wave format of subatomic particle movement within a particular spatial density at a common node. It is this density of the spatial universal area, which determines the base velocity for subatomic particle movement through the medium. Thus establishes a unique ambient spatial density among all the other parallel universes. One can review parallel universes and on how spatial universal densities rarify, as one moves up in subatomic vibrational levels, which affects matter. While also reinforcing the current knowledge base, by reviewing density shifting. Both are available in astronomy 102. So lets address the function of time passage within the same spatial density from a relative view point.

   What one falls to realize, is that all mass within our spatial universe, adheres to the same rules. Does the passage of time change for any stream of subatomic particles with velocities at or near the velocity of light? So if as an entity one is accelerated to or near the velocity of light, how would ones mass be affected? It would not. Mass can not be created or destroyed. This is one of the current laws. If one injects energy into the equation and mass is a constant, then C becomes a variable, which again invalidates E=MC2. An equation works both ways in order to be valid. Is this not true of math equations, which get transposed?

   If a mass was to accelerate to the speed of light, the laws related to the passage of time remain intact, as subatomic particle movement affecting the mass remains the same, but the relative views about the moving mass are affected. This is the difference. Moving from point A to point B, the rear view of point A would be frozen in time, as the mass or observer is moving with the time line. The approach of point B would be accelerated, as the relative timeline would be advancing twice as fast as normal passage. Points of view in a 3600 degree spherical view which changes, would be an angular function of the massĎs instantaneous position along line AB and its directional point about the x, y and z axis. Where no change will be seen in a relative circular disk moving with and bisecting the mass 900 degrees to the line of AB.


Where are the Theoretical Calculations that back the Theories Presented Here?


   Here again is a great question. Most theoretical calculations are based on the unknown, as mankind peers into the universe, its existence and perception are based upon an abstract view of a red shift of distance objects, but current optics can barely measure depth. Cephieds vary and dust clouds obscures light intensity. Gravity bends the path of light, which oscillates away to and from a straight path, thus shifting wavelengths towards the red end of the spectrum, thus any measurement of a red shift is compromised. E=MC2 did not even come close to calculating the explosive yield of the first atomic bomb. Even though mass, which is signified by ďMĒ a variable and the velocity of light, signified by ďCď, which scientists think is a constant, were known.

   The point is theoretical calculations, can be made to fit the observation. As it is a theory and not a fact. It is when one tries to apply these same theories to provide applications in the real world, nothing works. This is about to change any calculations will be added as needed in the future.




No Books Referenced by Mankind

Some Articles read, but not copied to get an interpreted viewpoint of mankindís theories ie. Hycean Worlds.




   This paper was to present a united process, which answers some of the most basic questions challenging mankind in the universe. With this knowledge, the entire field of Astrophysics had to be rewritten from scratch. Little of which was kept from present day theories developed by mankind, especially authored the original legends so revered in the halls of academia. We shall as a group dedicated to the advancement of our field Astrophysics, move on. Although this was needed as a starting base, to inspire others. There is a new prospective and approach presented, which are uniform and all concepts presented are interconnected across all explanations, which is missing in current theories.

   What does this mean for all of the hard work, which scientists have put forth? Nothing, we shall move on with all keeping their credentials and archive their books. We as Humanity shall all start learning, as the playing field will move towards even, for all to expand on the new knowledge base of the universe. All will have a solid base knowledge, which shall lead to real solutions. Has mankind discarded the hard work ethic of alchemists, no. Their work is still referenced as a preliminary step towards modern research. So shall the preliminary work gathered presently by astrophysicists will be seen as. The status quo at first, will not be challenged, but the students now studying in the entire field of Astrophysics expanding to General Physics will shortly question everything.

   These advancements will break the shackles of poverty for the neglected and again level the playing field for many if not all. This is the goal of the research. There is a technological edge, which the inhibit the cost of war is not a viable option. Education in the inner cities aligns as a long term objective, counter to the current approach, which is to dumb down the general population. I wonder why? Look around at current progress, none of us should be happy with the results. Is there an improvement? In some areas, but so much more is needed and that tells the truth.

   In this paper we have looked at energy in a new way, which challenges E=MC2. Gravitational theories have been completely rewritten. New forces have been introduced related to the repulsion and vibrational subatomic particles. We have addressed a new and more comprehensive way for subatomic particles to move about the universal spatial area. Electron subatomic particle streams and their affects on the atomic structure and magnetic field are just the start. And with this knowledge of how all of these processes which truly work. With this new applications in the universe opens up, an almost endless series new innovations and inventions to help all on Earth. This leads to Phase 3 currently in progress.



Part 2

Free Energy Breakthroughs

Advanced Metallurgy

Bonus Applications



Astronomy 103: Advanced Applications in Astrophysics

New Applications:


The current list which will have additional topics added due to need.


Creation of an Artificial Gravitational Field: subset Terraforming moons and Mars

Gravitational Subatomic Particle Focused Beams: subsets neutralizes hypersonic weapons, incoming ICBMs, men and military field equipment , bunker buster ďThe Peace KeeperĒ

A basic blueprint for free energy

Interference of the electron subatomic stream invoking atomic slicing of the atomic structure for free energy

Free Energy by Exploiting Gravitational Directed Subatomic Particle Flow: portable energy generators and primary generation plants no emissions

Gravitational Subatomic Particle Stream Force Field Technology

Gravitational Subatomic Particle Flow Manipulation: subset levitation of large masses, interstellar travel, asteroid capture and mining, traction beams

Transparent Metals

Advanced Metallurgy and Matrix Atomic Structures

Seamless Metals

New Light Weight Military Grade Metal with 4th Density Properties

Heat Subatomic Particle Stream Amplification

EMP Local Field Generators for Pulse Neutralization

Light based transistors EMP proof and no heat or loss etched crystals

Light Amplification through solid state instead of optics for the new advanced telescopes.

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